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Tour of the Secret Annex
Tour of the Secret Annex
Published: 2014/03/21
Channel: Tobey Krafft
BECOME ANNE FRANK IN VIRTUAL REALITY | Anne Frank House Tour VR Experience (Oculus Rift Gameplay)
BECOME ANNE FRANK IN VIRTUAL REALITY | Anne Frank House Tour VR Experience (Oculus Rift Gameplay)
Published: 2018/06/19
Channel: Nathie
Anne Frank House Tour / Amsterdam
Anne Frank House Tour / Amsterdam
Published: 2017/01/23
Channel: TheAdventurousVlogger
anne frank house
anne frank house
Published: 2017/09/29
Channel: Kees Koopman
Inside Anne Frank
Inside Anne Frank's Real Home
Published: 2016/06/15
Channel: Journeyman Pictures
Anne Frank takes us behind the movable bookcase
Anne Frank takes us behind the movable bookcase
Published: 2015/09/22
Channel: jemslife
VISTING ANNE FRANK HOUSE IN AMSTERDAM
VISTING ANNE FRANK HOUSE IN AMSTERDAM
Published: 2017/05/28
Channel: BrynnsAdventures
Otto Frank talks about Annes diary
Otto Frank talks about Annes diary
Published: 2009/09/23
Channel: Anne Frank House
Anne Frank house My visit April 9th /09 (With Titles sorry for typing error... should read 263)
Anne Frank house My visit April 9th /09 (With Titles sorry for typing error... should read 263)
Published: 2009/09/25
Channel: facemac91
anne frank house 02
anne frank house 02
Published: 2017/09/29
Channel: Kees Koopman
National Geographic - Final Days Of Anne Frank
National Geographic - Final Days Of Anne Frank
Published: 2017/04/14
Channel: Documentary World
Anne Frank House VR Trailer
Anne Frank House VR Trailer
Published: 2018/06/12
Channel: Anne Frank House
La casa de Ana Frank Países Bajos 5
La casa de Ana Frank Países Bajos 5
Published: 2016/07/30
Channel: alanxelmundo
ANNE FRANK
ANNE FRANK'S HOUSE | Amsterdam Travel Vlog
Published: 2016/09/19
Channel: Eva in the City
Anne Frank (The Whole Story)
Anne Frank (The Whole Story)
Published: 2014/05/26
Channel: Rajkamal
Religulous extras: Anne Frank house
Religulous extras: Anne Frank house
Published: 2009/08/14
Channel: srulop
Anne Frank House - Amsterdam
Anne Frank House - Amsterdam
Published: 2013/05/02
Channel: My Guide Network
The Diary Of Anne Frank 2009 Edition
The Diary Of Anne Frank 2009 Edition
Published: 2014/06/13
Channel: LeGrim Reaper
Amsterdam, Netherlands: The Anne Frank House
Amsterdam, Netherlands: The Anne Frank House
Published: 2015/08/05
Channel: Rick Steves' Europe
Miep Gies arranges personal documents in a display in the Anne Frank House, 1999.
Miep Gies arranges personal documents in a display in the Anne Frank House, 1999.
Published: 2012/10/10
Channel: Anne Frank House
VISITING ANNE FRANK HOUSE - DAY 963
VISITING ANNE FRANK HOUSE - DAY 963
Published: 2017/04/09
Channel: Landon Vlogs
anne frank house / Haus
anne frank house / Haus
Published: 2014/01/07
Channel: Kadda Riina
The Diary of Anne Frank: A Minecraft Tour of the Secret Annex
The Diary of Anne Frank: A Minecraft Tour of the Secret Annex
Published: 2016/04/03
Channel: J Niel
AMSTERDAM - ANNE FRANK HOUSE & City Exploration - Daze With Jordan The Lion #484 (12/3/2017)
AMSTERDAM - ANNE FRANK HOUSE & City Exploration - Daze With Jordan The Lion #484 (12/3/2017)
Published: 2017/12/03
Channel: Daze with Jordan the Lion
Justin Bieber Anne Frank House Comment Sparks Outrage
Justin Bieber Anne Frank House Comment Sparks Outrage
Published: 2013/04/15
Channel: HollywoodLife
The Original Anne Frank Diary at the Anne Frank House, Amsterdam.
The Original Anne Frank Diary at the Anne Frank House, Amsterdam.
Published: 2013/04/06
Channel: Matthew Kent
Justin Bieber
Justin Bieber's Stupid Message to Anne Frank
Published: 2013/04/16
Channel: The Young Turks
ANNE FRANK HOUSE, CASA EM BARCOS E TOUR PELO AIRBNB - Amsterdam | Mi Alves
ANNE FRANK HOUSE, CASA EM BARCOS E TOUR PELO AIRBNB - Amsterdam | Mi Alves
Published: 2017/10/21
Channel: Mi Alves
Anne Frank House  |   AMSTERDAM VLOG
Anne Frank House | AMSTERDAM VLOG
Published: 2017/01/10
Channel: The Bengali Vending Machine
the secret annex video
the secret annex video
Published: 2014/04/29
Channel: John Barbour
Anne Frank House
Anne Frank House
Published: 2016/03/02
Channel: DestinationNL
Animation of Anne Frank, the graphic biography
Animation of Anne Frank, the graphic biography
Published: 2010/07/08
Channel: Anne Frank House
Anne Frank
Anne Frank's Final Entry
Published: 2014/08/01
Channel: Wochit News
Anne Frank   The Life of a Young Girl
Anne Frank The Life of a Young Girl
Published: 2015/02/27
Channel: dhhdept
Anne Frank: the only existing film images
Anne Frank: the only existing film images
Published: 2009/09/23
Channel: Anne Frank House
Visiting the Anne Frank House | Amsterdam Travel
Visiting the Anne Frank House | Amsterdam Travel
Published: 2013/08/05
Channel: Howcast
Who Betrayed Anne Frank?
Who Betrayed Anne Frank?
Published: 2014/06/27
Channel: Wynette Yao
ANNE FRANK HOUSE, GETTING LOST IN EUROPE, EXPOSING PPL! AMSTERDAM VLOG #3
ANNE FRANK HOUSE, GETTING LOST IN EUROPE, EXPOSING PPL! AMSTERDAM VLOG #3
Published: 2017/11/27
Channel: MICHELLE D
Anne Frank House
Anne Frank House
Published: 2007/01/21
Channel: etru sco
A Trip to Anne Franks House in Amsterdam
A Trip to Anne Franks House in Amsterdam
Published: 2016/03/24
Channel: Si Power
Anne Frank House As It Looked During WWII Recreated With VR
Anne Frank House As It Looked During WWII Recreated With VR
Published: 2018/06/14
Channel: Wochit News
Anne Frank House Model
Anne Frank House Model
Published: 2012/02/25
Channel: Doug Villhard
Anne Frank House in Amsterdam
Anne Frank House in Amsterdam
Published: 2010/03/26
Channel: Dutchfootage1
ANNE FRANK HOUSE & AMSTERDAM ♡ Netherlands Vlog
ANNE FRANK HOUSE & AMSTERDAM ♡ Netherlands Vlog
Published: 2017/09/05
Channel: Deanna Hayley
Anne Frank House
Anne Frank House
Published: 2013/08/14
Channel: merekrermka
Anne Frank House - Waiting Line
Anne Frank House - Waiting Line
Published: 2014/05/06
Channel: Tobias Küng
Exhibition Anne Frank House:
Exhibition Anne Frank House: 'We too might move on'
Published: 2012/04/25
Channel: Anne Frank House
Otto Frank and the Anne Frank House, 1963
Otto Frank and the Anne Frank House, 1963
Published: 2015/11/16
Channel: Anne Frank House
Anne Frank
Anne Frank's Secret Annex 3D/HD
Published: 2011/06/08
Channel: austin hill
Jim Jefferies on His Trip to the Anne Frank House and Good Guy Hitler
Jim Jefferies on His Trip to the Anne Frank House and Good Guy Hitler
Published: 2017/05/24
Channel: Burr Archives
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Anne Frank House
Amsterdam (NL), Anne-Frank-Huis -- 2015 -- 7185.jpg
Canal house and museum entrance in 2015
Anne Frank House is located in Amsterdam
Anne Frank House
Location in the city center of Amsterdam
Established 3 May 1960 (1960-05-03)
Location Prinsengracht 263-265[1]
Amsterdam, Netherlands
Coordinates 52°22′31″N 4°53′02″E / 52.3753°N 4.884°E / 52.3753; 4.884Coordinates: 52°22′31″N 4°53′02″E / 52.3753°N 4.884°E / 52.3753; 4.884
Type Biographical museum
Historic house museum
Visitors 1.3 million (2016)[2]
Founder Otto Frank[3]
Director Ronald Leopold[4]
President Wim Kok[4]
Public transit access Westermarkt[1]
Trams lines: 13, 14, 17[1]
Bus lines: 170, 172, 174[1]
Website www.annefrank.org

The Anne Frank House (Dutch: Anne Frank Huis) is a writer's house and biographical museum dedicated to Jewish wartime diarist Anne Frank. The building is located on a canal called the Prinsengracht, close to the Westerkerk, in central Amsterdam in the Netherlands.

During World War II, Anne Frank hid from Nazi persecution with her family and four other people in hidden rooms at the rear of the 17th-century canal house, known as the Secret Annex (Dutch: Achterhuis). Anne Frank did not survive the war but in 1947, her wartime diary was published. In 1957, the Anne Frank Foundation was established to protect the property from developers who wanted to demolish the block.

The museum opened on 3 May 1960. It preserves the hiding place, has a permanent exhibition on the life and times of Anne Frank, and has an exhibition space about all forms of persecution and discrimination. In 2013 and 2014, the museum had 1.2 million visitors and was the 3rd most visited museum in the Netherlands, after the Rijksmuseum and Van Gogh Museum.

Building history[edit]

Canal house[edit]

The canal-side façade of the former Opekta building on Prinsengracht canal in 2008. The Secret Annex (Achterhuis) is at the rear in an enclosed courtyard.

The house – and the one next door at number 265, which was later purchased by the museum – was built by Dirk van Delft in 1635.[5] The canal-side façade dates from a renovation of 1740[6] when the rear annex was demolished. It was originally a private residence, then a warehouse, and in the nineteenth century, the front warehouse with its wide stable-like doors was used to house horses. At the start of the 20th century, a manufacturer of household appliances occupied the building, succeeded in 1930 by a producer of piano rolls, who vacated the property by 1939.

World War II[edit]

On 1 December 1940, Anne's father, Otto Frank, moved the offices of the spice and gelling companies he worked for, Opekta and Pectacon, from an address on Singel canal to Prinsengracht 263.

The ground floor consisted of three sections; the front was the goods and dispatch entrance, behind it in the middle section were the spice mills, and at the rear, which was the ground floor of the annex, was the warehouse where the goods were packed for distribution. On the first floor above were the offices of Frank's employees; Miep Gies, Bep Voskuijl (known in Anne Frank's diary as Elli) and Johannes Kleiman in the front office; Victor Kugler in the middle; with Otto Frank in the rear office above the warehouse and below the floors which would later hide him and his family for two years until their betrayal to the Nazi authorities.

The Achterhuis (Dutch for "back house") or Secret Annex – as it was called in The Diary of a Young Girl, an English translation of the diary – is the rear extension of the building. It was concealed from view by houses on all four sides of a quadrangle. Its secluded position made it an ideal hiding place for Otto Frank, his wife Edith, two daughters (of whom Anne was the younger), and four other Jews seeking refuge from Nazi persecution. Though the total amount of floor space in the inhabited rooms came to only about 500 square feet (46 m2),[citation needed] Anne Frank wrote in her diary that it was relatively luxurious compared to other hiding places they had heard about. They remained hidden here for two years and one month until they were anonymously betrayed to the Nazi authorities, arrested, and deported to their deaths in concentration camps. Of the hidden group, only Otto Frank survived the concentration death camps.

After those in hiding were arrested, the hiding place was cleared by order of the arresting officers and all the remaining contents (clothes, furniture, and personal belongings) of the Frank family and their friends were seized and distributed to bombed-out families in Germany. Before the building was cleared, Miep Gies and Bep Voskuijl, who had helped hide the families, returned to the hiding place against the orders of the Dutch police and rescued some personal effects. Amongst the items they retrieved was The Diary of Anne Frank.

Publication of the diary[edit]

After Otto Frank returned to Amsterdam, he was given Anne's diaries and papers and subsequently compiled selections into a book published in Dutch in 1947 under the title Het Achterhuis, which Anne had chosen as the name of a future memoir or novel based on her experiences in hiding. Achterhuis is a Dutch architectural term referring to a back-house (used comparatively with voorhuis meaning front-house). However, when the English translation began production, it was realised that many English-speaking readers might not be familiar with the term and it was decided that a more evocative term (the 'Secret Annexe') would better convey the building's hidden position. Otto Frank's contributions to the diary were such that he is recognized as a co-author.[7]

Museum history[edit]

The (reconstructed) movable bookcase that covered the entrance to the Annex

Shortly after the book was published, visitors were shown around by the employees who had hidden the families and could see the secret rooms. However, by 1955, the company had moved to new premises and the entire block to which the building belonged was sold to a single estate agent who served a demolition order with the intention of building a factory on the space. A campaign to save the building and to list it as a protected monument was started by the Dutch paper Het Vrije Volk on 23 November 1955. The building was saved by campaigners who staged a protest outside the building on the day of demolition.

The Anne Frank Foundation was set up by Otto Frank and Johannes Kleiman on 3 May 1957 with the primary aim of collecting enough funds to purchase and restore the building. In October of that year, the company who owned it donated the building to the Foundation as a goodwill gesture. The collected funds were then used to purchase the house next door, Number 265, shortly before the remaining buildings on the block were pulled down as planned. The building was opened as a museum to the public in 1960.

The former hiding place of Anne Frank attracted a huge amount of interest, especially as translations and dramatisations of the Diary had made her a figure known throughout the world. Over 9,000 visitors came in its first year. In a decade, there were twice as many. Over the years, the building has had to be renovated to manage such a large number of visitors, and so it closed temporarily in 1970 and in 1999.

On 9 September 2001,[citation needed] Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands reopened the museum, which now incorporated the entire building between exhibition spaces, a bookshop and a cafe, and featured the offices in the front house reconstructed to their state in the 1940s. In 2007, over one million people visited the museum.

On display at the museum is the Academy Award that Shelley Winters won, and later donated to the museum, for her performance as Petronella van Daan in the 1959 film The Diary of Anne Frank. The award now sits in a bullet-proof glass case in the museum.

In 1998, the Anne Frank Zentrum in Berlin was opened after the completion of a cooperation agreement with the Anne Frank House.

Administration[edit]

Visitors queueing in front of the museum entrance

Ronald Leopold has been executive director of the museum since 2011 and Garance Reus-Deelder has been managing director since 2012.[8]

The museum had 1,152,888 visitors in 2012, 1,195,456 visitors in 2013,[9] and 1,227,462 visitors in 2014.[10] It was the 3rd most visited museum in the Netherlands in 2013 and 2014, after the Rijksmuseum and Van Gogh Museum.[11][12]

The museum is a member of the Museumvereniging (Museum Association).[13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Opening hours, prices, location, Anne Frank House. Retrieved on 11 July 2014.
  2. ^ (in Dutch) Jasper Piersma, "Van Gogh Museum zit Rijks op de hielen als populairste museum", Het Parool, 2016. Retrieved 2 January 2017.
  3. ^ Saved from demolition, Anne Frank House. Retrieved on 11 July 2014.
  4. ^ a b Management, Anne Frank House. Retrieved on 11 July 2014.
  5. ^ van Oord-de Pee, Annemieke (1991). The Canals of Amsterdam. SDU. ISBN 90-12-06553-4. Together with no. 265, no. 263 was built by a certain Dirk van Delft in 1635. 
  6. ^ "Bureau Monumenten & Archeologie – Anne Frank Huis" (in Dutch). City of Amsterdam. Archived from the original on February 22, 2013. Retrieved January 26, 2012. 
  7. ^ thereof.https://www.nytimes.com/2015/11/14/books/anne-frank-has-a-co-as-diary-gains-co-author-in-legal-move.html?_r=0
  8. ^ Executive Board, Anne Frank House. Retrieved on 13 July 2014.
  9. ^ Annual Report 2013, Anne Frank House, 2014. Retrieved on 28 June 2014.
  10. ^ Record number of visitors (press release), Anne Frank House, 2015. Retrieved on 24 July 2015.
  11. ^ (in Dutch) Daan van Lent & Pieter van Os, "Musea doen het goed: aantal bezoekers in 2013 fors gestegen", NRC Handelsblad, 2013. Retrieved on 28 June 2014.
  12. ^ (in Dutch) Top 10 meest bezochte musea in Nederland, Museumkwartier.nl, 2015. Retrieved on 24 July 2015.
  13. ^ (in Dutch) Anne Frank Stichting, Museumvereniging. Retrieved on 13 July 2014.

External links[edit]

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