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Curren$Y & Harry Fraud Biscayne Bay (Prod By Harry Fraud)
Curren$Y & Harry Fraud Biscayne Bay (Prod By Harry Fraud)
Published: 2012/07/11
Channel: teamocfc062
Curren$y & Harry Fraud - Biscayne Bay (Official Video)
Curren$y & Harry Fraud - Biscayne Bay (Official Video)
Published: 2012/10/08
Channel: CurrensySpittaTV
Take a Tour of Biscayne Bay, Florida
Take a Tour of Biscayne Bay, Florida
Published: 2015/04/22
Channel: Visit The USA
Biscayne Bay Flats FISHING for Bonefish, Tarpon & Snook
Biscayne Bay Flats FISHING for Bonefish, Tarpon & Snook
Published: 2018/06/20
Channel: Vicky Stark
Miami City Tour including Bayside and Biscayne Bay Cruise
Miami City Tour including Bayside and Biscayne Bay Cruise
Published: 2013/12/18
Channel: Viator.com
Exciting Fishing in Biscayne Bay - Miami
Exciting Fishing in Biscayne Bay - Miami
Published: 2018/03/06
Channel: Salty Tales
Florida Road Trip 2 - Wading Biscayne Bay for Bonefish, Barracuda and more
Florida Road Trip 2 - Wading Biscayne Bay for Bonefish, Barracuda and more
Published: 2018/04/22
Channel: Sea-Money Fishing
Sightseeing cruise on Biscayne Bay (Miami, Florida - USA)
Sightseeing cruise on Biscayne Bay (Miami, Florida - USA)
Published: 2017/02/18
Channel: HDexplorer
On The Trail: Biscayne National Park
On The Trail: Biscayne National Park
Published: 2016/04/17
Channel: CBS Sunday Morning
Miami Skyline Biscayne Bay and Brickell Phantom DJI Drone aerial views
Miami Skyline Biscayne Bay and Brickell Phantom DJI Drone aerial views
Published: 2017/05/07
Channel: Drone Adventures
MIAMI LIFE : JET SKI IN BISCAYNE BAY MIAMI WITH WHITSKI RENTALS
MIAMI LIFE : JET SKI IN BISCAYNE BAY MIAMI WITH WHITSKI RENTALS
Published: 2017/01/26
Channel: Two Outsiders
Downtown Miami and Brickell at night while cruising along Biscayne Bay
Downtown Miami and Brickell at night while cruising along Biscayne Bay
Published: 2018/03/05
Channel: FAD1010
Reel Time Florida Sportsman - Miami / Biscayne Bay Tarpon and Bonefish - Season 4, Episode 10 - RTFS
Reel Time Florida Sportsman - Miami / Biscayne Bay Tarpon and Bonefish - Season 4, Episode 10 - RTFS
Published: 2016/06/03
Channel: ReelTimeFS
This one Hurts Snook Fishing Biscayne Bay Miami Bonafide Kayaks SS127 and Bixpy
This one Hurts Snook Fishing Biscayne Bay Miami Bonafide Kayaks SS127 and Bixpy
Published: 2018/04/24
Channel: Aliex Fishing
Cruising top to bottom of Biscayne Bay, Florida:  The Sailing Rode
Cruising top to bottom of Biscayne Bay, Florida: The Sailing Rode
Published: 2016/10/04
Channel: The Sailing Rode
Sailing Miami Biscayne Bay and Snorkeling Ship Wreck - Sailventure #6
Sailing Miami Biscayne Bay and Snorkeling Ship Wreck - Sailventure #6
Published: 2017/09/15
Channel: Allen Michaels
(FREE) WALE X RICK ROSS TYPE BEAT 2017 " Biscayne Bay" Prod. $earch
(FREE) WALE X RICK ROSS TYPE BEAT 2017 " Biscayne Bay" Prod. $earch
Published: 2017/08/30
Channel: Producer Search
2018 - Episode 2 - Miami Haulover & Biscayne Bay action!
2018 - Episode 2 - Miami Haulover & Biscayne Bay action!
Published: 2018/01/08
Channel: George Poveromo TV
2017 Miami International Boat Show & City Skyline from Biscayne Bay
2017 Miami International Boat Show & City Skyline from Biscayne Bay
Published: 2017/10/11
Channel: FAD1010
Spearfishing biscayne bay 2017
Spearfishing biscayne bay 2017
Published: 2017/04/12
Channel: Dairon Lao
Sportsman
Sportsman's Adventures: "Biscayne Bay Snook" Season 13 | Episode 6
Published: 2017/01/16
Channel: SportsmansAdventures
MICHAEL SHAYNE: "BLOOD ON BISCAYNE BAY" 12-2-1960.
MICHAEL SHAYNE: "BLOOD ON BISCAYNE BAY" 12-2-1960.
Published: 2017/03/18
Channel: THE ALLISON HAYES CHANNEL36
Biscayne Bay Miami, FL
Biscayne Bay Miami, FL
Published: 2016/04/29
Channel: J Boogie
Sailing Baylana - Biscayne Bay 2017 - Episode 46
Sailing Baylana - Biscayne Bay 2017 - Episode 46
Published: 2017/12/06
Channel: Sailing Baylana
Biscayne Bay Fishing the Flats for Bonefish with Live Shrimp
Biscayne Bay Fishing the Flats for Bonefish with Live Shrimp
Published: 2011/12/27
Channel: Addictive Fishing
Piano Appears on Sandbar in Miami
Piano Appears on Sandbar in Miami's Biscayne Bay 1/26/2011
Published: 2011/01/26
Channel: ABC News
Bonefish & Tarpon Fly Fishing Biscayne Bay Via Canoe
Bonefish & Tarpon Fly Fishing Biscayne Bay Via Canoe
Published: 2018/06/29
Channel: Kenny Fontan
USCGC Biscayne Bay in the Ice on the St. Marys River
USCGC Biscayne Bay in the Ice on the St. Marys River
Published: 2018/01/19
Channel: Boat watching in the Soo
Curren$y-Biscayne Bay (Instrumental Remake by Kc Nevijay)
Curren$y-Biscayne Bay (Instrumental Remake by Kc Nevijay)
Published: 2012/07/17
Channel: Kc Nevijay
900 Biscayne Bay Video Tour | Miami Condos For Sale
900 Biscayne Bay Video Tour | Miami Condos For Sale
Published: 2010/07/21
Channel: MiamiCondoShop
Kayak Fishing Biscayne Bay
Kayak Fishing Biscayne Bay
Published: 2014/05/02
Channel: MiamiFishN
Miami VLog #1: The DoubleTree by Hilton Grand Hotel Biscayne Bay
Miami VLog #1: The DoubleTree by Hilton Grand Hotel Biscayne Bay
Published: 2017/07/28
Channel: Alesha Peterson
2018 Miami Boat Show! Paradise in Biscayne Bay!
2018 Miami Boat Show! Paradise in Biscayne Bay!
Published: 2018/02/18
Channel: Couple of Adventures
Mangrove Snapper Fishing Biscayne Bay Fla.
Mangrove Snapper Fishing Biscayne Bay Fla.
Published: 2014/03/09
Channel: CaptainSolo
Charter Fishing the Biscayne Bay in Miami Florida ~ HUGE PERMIT
Charter Fishing the Biscayne Bay in Miami Florida ~ HUGE PERMIT
Published: 2017/07/26
Channel: Scout Lee
Miami Biscayne Bay Fishing
Miami Biscayne Bay Fishing
Published: 2017/06/03
Channel: Reporte de Pesca
Double Tree by Hilton Biscayne Bay Grand King Suite
Double Tree by Hilton Biscayne Bay Grand King Suite
Published: 2017/06/18
Channel: Renee Stick
Kayak Fishing Biscayne Bay
Kayak Fishing Biscayne Bay
Published: 2016/09/28
Channel: Kayak Q 305 FishIn
Lobstering, Spearfishing and Snorkeling Biscayne Bay Florida
Lobstering, Spearfishing and Snorkeling Biscayne Bay Florida
Published: 2014/08/20
Channel: Nicholes Butler
Grouper Fishing - Miami Biscayne Bay Grouper Fishing
Grouper Fishing - Miami Biscayne Bay Grouper Fishing
Published: 2014/12/01
Channel: Get Wrecked Fishing
Shore Fishing Deering Point Biscayne Bay South Florida
Shore Fishing Deering Point Biscayne Bay South Florida
Published: 2017/06/07
Channel: Aliex Fishing
Biscayne Bay Fishing with Family and Friends 170408
Biscayne Bay Fishing with Family and Friends 170408
Published: 2017/04/19
Channel: Jim M
DoubleTree by Hilton Grand Hotel Biscayne Bay in Miami FL
DoubleTree by Hilton Grand Hotel Biscayne Bay in Miami FL
Published: 2016/04/07
Channel: Elizabeth Banks
Biscayne Bay Permit on Fly
Biscayne Bay Permit on Fly
Published: 2018/02/14
Channel: Wayne Russell
In Search of Tarpon, Biscayne Bay
In Search of Tarpon, Biscayne Bay
Published: 2013/01/30
Channel: TheTrophyStalkers
2017 Biscayne Bay B-2285BF | Misty Harbor Pontoon Boats
2017 Biscayne Bay B-2285BF | Misty Harbor Pontoon Boats
Published: 2017/01/05
Channel: Misty Harbor
Miami Marriott Biscayne Bay Balcony Room Tour 2015
Miami Marriott Biscayne Bay Balcony Room Tour 2015
Published: 2015/02/17
Channel: CruiseNYR
Marriott Hotel Miami Biscayne Bay 2017, Travelling from London to Miami & Arriving at our Hotel
Marriott Hotel Miami Biscayne Bay 2017, Travelling from London to Miami & Arriving at our Hotel
Published: 2017/11/26
Channel: Theme Park Family World Wide
Catching Mullet In Miami North Biscayne Bay
Catching Mullet In Miami North Biscayne Bay
Published: 2014/12/07
Channel: ReelReports
Shores of Biscayne Bay
Shores of Biscayne Bay
Published: 2015/03/30
Channel: 陳Rylee
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Biscayne Bay
Downtown Miami alt photo D Ramey Logan.jpg
View of northern Biscayne Bay showing the Downtown Miami skyline in the background, November 2014
Biscayne Bay is located in Florida
Biscayne Bay
Biscayne Bay
Location in Florida
Coordinates 25°33′57″N 80°12′59″W / 25.56583°N 80.21639°W / 25.56583; -80.21639Coordinates: 25°33′57″N 80°12′59″W / 25.56583°N 80.21639°W / 25.56583; -80.21639
Ocean/sea sources Atlantic Ocean
Basin countries  United States
Max. length 35 miles (56 km)
Max. width 8 miles (13 km)
Surface area 428 square miles (1,110 km2)
Settlements Miami, Florida
Miami Beach, Florida
References [1]
Southern Biscayne Bay makes up the bulk of Biscayne National Park.

Biscayne Bay (Bahía Vizcaína in Spanish) is a lagoon that is approximately 35 miles (56 km) long and up to 8 miles (13 km) wide located on the Atlantic coast of South Florida, United States. It is usually divided for purposes of discussion and analysis into three parts: North Bay, Central Bay, and South Bay. Its area is 428 square miles (1,110 km2). The drainage basin covers 938 square miles (2,430 km2).[1]

Geography[edit]

The North Bay of the Biscayne Bay lies between Miami Beach barrier island and Miami on the mainland. It has been severely affected over the last century by raw sewage releases, urban runoff, shoreline bulkheading, dredging, the creation of artificial islands and the loss of natural fresh water flow into the bay. However, water quality has steadily improved since regular monitoring began in 1979. North Bay accounts for only 10% of the water area of the bay.

Central Bay is the largest part of the bay. It is separated from the Atlantic Ocean by the Safety Valve. It has been adversely affected primarily by bulkheading, urban runoff discharged by canals, and the loss of natural fresh water flow.

South Bay is nearly as large as Central Bay, and is the least affected by human activities, although it also suffers from the loss of natural fresh water flow. South Bay is separated from the Straits of Florida by the northernmost of the Florida Keys, and includes Card Sound and Barnes Sound. It is connected to Florida Bay through a few small channels.

Causeways[edit]

The first bridge across Biscayne Bay was the 2.5-mile (4.0 km) wooden Collins Bridge built in 1912 by John S. Collins and his son-in-law Thomas Pancoast, who formed the Miami Beach Improvement Corporation; financing was provided by Carl G. Fisher and the Miami banker brothers John N. Lummus and James E. Lummus.[2][3] Construction began on July 22, 1912.[3] Although the cost of the project was initially $75,000, the construction project faced delays and cost overruns.[3] The budge was partially completed in 1913.[3] The bridge was "hailed as the longest wooden vehicle bridge in the world, and opened up the area as a luxury winter resort and playground."[2] The bridge terminated at the Dixie Highway, built by Carl G. Fisher.[4] The bridge was a toll bridge; in 1920, the toll was reduced from 20 cents each way (for two-seat cars) to 15 cents one way (and 25 cents round-trip).[5] The bridge was sold to the Biscayne Bay Improvement Association, which developed five artificial islands that became known as the Venetian Islands: Biscayne and San Marco in Miami, San Marino, Di Lido, and Rivo Alto in Miami Beach. [6][7] The bridge was torn down in 1925 and replaced with the "more substantial" Venetian Causeway the next year.[6][7]

The Lummus brothers lobbied for the county commission's support for a second causeway connecting Miami to the barrier islands of Miami Beach, and the County Causeway—later the MacArthur Causeway—opened on February 17, 1920.[8] In 1925, Biscayne Point was created in Miami Beach's north end.[7] In 1929, a third causeway crossed Biscayne Bay at Normandy Isle, which developer Henri Levy had created several years earlier by dredging and filling the south half of Meade Island.[7] The Julia Tuttle Causeway was built in 1959.[7]

Other causeways are the John F. Kennedy (79th Street) and Broad causeways (connecting the Miami mainland), and the Rickenbacker Causeway (connecting Miami to Key Biscayne). The Card Sound Bridge connects the mainland in the Homestead, Florida area to the northern part of Key Largo.

Wildlife and preservation[edit]

In 1975, the bay was designated as a state aquatic preserve. The aquatic preserve spans the entirety of Biscayne Bay from Oleta River in the north to Card Sound in the south, with the exception of the central part of the bay, which is Biscayne National Park. A second preserve was soon added off of Cape Florida on Key Biscayne, which became known as the Cape Florida to Monroe County Line Preserve. These two preserves are now managed by the state of Florida under the Biscayne Bay Aquatic Preserves. Seven remaining houses of Biscayne Bay's Stiltsville settlement are now within the boundaries of this National Park which was established in 1980. Much of Biscayne National Park was designated as a National Monument in 1967. Barnes Sound lies within the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary. In regards to wildlife, bottlenose dolphins and Florida manatees can be observed in the bay.

The bay has been known by several names. Juan Ponce de León called it Chequescha in 1513. Pedro Menéndez de Avilés called it Tequesta in 1565. The British, during their occupation of Florida, called the bay Cape River, Dartmouth Sound, and Sandwich gulph. Hernando de Escalante Fontaneda related that a sailor from the Bay of Biscay called the Viscayno or Biscayno had lived on the lower east coast of Florida for a while after being shipwrecked, and a 17th-century map shows a Cayo de Biscainhos, the probable origin of Key Biscayne. The bay was known as Key Biscayne Bay in the 19th century, finally shrinking to Biscayne Bay late in the 19th century.[9]

The bay is also home to the University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science in Virginia Key (founded in 1947) and Florida International University's Biscayne Bay Campus (founded in 1977) in North Miami. It was seen in the music video for The Lonely Island's "I'm on a Boat".

Panoramic view of the bay from the Port of Miami

Safety Valve[edit]

Aerial view of the Safety Valve from southern end of Key Biscayne (top) to Soldier Key

The Safety Valve is a series of shallow sand flats separated by tidal flow channels, stretching about 8 miles (13 km) from the south end of Key Biscayne to the Ragged Keys at the north end of the Florida Keys. The term "safety valve" was applied to the tidal flats by Ralph Munroe, who argued against building a causeway and bridges connecting Key Biscayne to the Ragged Keys and beyond on the grounds that such construction would block the free outflow of storm surges from the bay across the flats to the ocean. It is believed that it does moderate the effects of storm surges on the bay. The transportation of sand southward along the Atlantic Coast of Florida by longshore drift ends in the area of the Safety Valve. The structure of the Safety Valve has been stable for at least the last century. Stiltsville is a collection of buildings on pilings on several sand flats at the northern end of the Safety Valve.[10][11][12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Discover Biscayne Bay, About the Biscayne Bay". Retrieved 2011-08-10. 
  2. ^ a b Blank, p. 159.
  3. ^ a b c d Whitaker, p. 133.
  4. ^ Reilly, p. 200.
  5. ^ Reilly, p. 33.
  6. ^ a b Reilly, p. 33-34.
  7. ^ a b c d e Klepser, p. 24.
  8. ^ Bramson, p. 8.
  9. ^ Blank, Joan Gill. 1996. Key Biscayne. Sarasota, Florida: Pineapple Press, Inc. ISBN 1-56164-096-4. p. 13.
  10. ^ Leynes, Jennifer Brown and David Cullison (January 1998). "Biscayne National Park: Historic Resource Study" (PDF). U.S. National Park Service. p. 8. Retrieved 5 January 2012. 
  11. ^ Parks, Arva Moore (1977). The forgotten frontier: Florida through the lens of Ralph Middleton Munroe. Miami, Florida: Centennial Press. p. 178. ISBN 0-9741589-2-5. 
  12. ^ Thornberry-Erlich, Trista L. (February 9, 2005). "Biscayne National Park Geologic Resource Management Issues Scoping summary" (PDF). U.S. National Park Service. p. 12. Retrieved 5 January 2012. 

Works cited[edit]

  • Joan Gill Blank, Key Biscayne: A History of Miami's Tropical Island and the Cape Florida Lighthouse (Pineapple Press, 1996)
  • Seth Bramson, Miami Beach (Arcadia, 2005)
  • Carolyn Klepser, Lost Miami Beach (History Press, 2014)
  • Abraham D. Lavender, Miami Beach in 1920: The Making of a Winter Resort (Arcadia, 2002)
  • Benjamin Reilly, Tropical Surge: A History of Ambition and Disaster on the Florida Shore (Pineapple Press, 2005)
  • Sigur E. Whitaker, James Allison: A Biography of the Engine Manufacturer and Indianapolis 500 Cofounder (McFarland, 2011)

Sources[edit]

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