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Why is Amsterdam the Capital of The Netherlands? I GSUSE I S3Ep24
Why is Amsterdam the Capital of The Netherlands? I GSUSE I S3Ep24
Published: 2016/03/04
Channel: Greg Shapiro
The City of Amsterdam, Netherlands
The City of Amsterdam, Netherlands
Published: 2013/01/17
Channel: Timosha21
Netherlands Summary Travel Video – Amsterdam, Utrecht, Leiden, Delft, Rotterdam, Haarlem, Holland
Netherlands Summary Travel Video – Amsterdam, Utrecht, Leiden, Delft, Rotterdam, Haarlem, Holland
Published: 2016/10/24
Channel: denniscallan
Watch the capital city of Holland in 360° "Amsterdam"
Watch the capital city of Holland in 360° "Amsterdam"
Published: 2016/09/15
Channel: Menace360
Amsterdam the capital city of Netherlands
Amsterdam the capital city of Netherlands
Published: 2013/03/20
Channel: Mike PFT
Netherlands/Netherlands Country/Netherlands Song
Netherlands/Netherlands Country/Netherlands Song
Published: 2017/06/23
Channel: Kids Learning Tube
Welcome to the Hague
Welcome to the Hague
Published: 2014/11/21
Channel: CityFilmTV
Holland vs the Netherlands
Holland vs the Netherlands
Published: 2012/12/22
Channel: CGP Grey
CityFilm Den Haag
CityFilm Den Haag '13-'14
Published: 2013/11/06
Channel: CityFilmTV
The Capital City of Netherlands: Amsterdam
The Capital City of Netherlands: Amsterdam
Published: 2017/01/12
Channel: Adin Lubis
Tech in Amsterdam (Capital of the Netherlands)
Tech in Amsterdam (Capital of the Netherlands)
Published: 2017/02/22
Channel: Latest Viral Videos
Dutch Capital - Yesterday
Dutch Capital - Yesterday
Published: 2017/06/01
Channel: Capitol Cinema
Top 10 Best Places to Visit in Netherlands
Top 10 Best Places to Visit in Netherlands
Published: 2015/12/01
Channel: Planetz Top10
Amsterdam in Beeld /Pictures capital of the Netherlands
Amsterdam in Beeld /Pictures capital of the Netherlands
Published: 2016/12/15
Channel: taxi1108
Holland. The Original Cool.  The Beginning.
Holland. The Original Cool. The Beginning.
Published: 2013/05/14
Channel: holland.com
Travel Amsterdam: Free Things In The Capital Of Fun
Travel Amsterdam: Free Things In The Capital Of Fun
Published: 2012/10/25
Channel: soniastravels
Amsterdam City Tour 2018 - Capital of the Netherlands - HD
Amsterdam City Tour 2018 - Capital of the Netherlands - HD
Published: 2018/03/11
Channel: Beautiful Asia
The Capital of the Netherlands
The Capital of the Netherlands
Published: 2017/06/21
Channel: Daniel Rothstein
Amsterdam, Capital of Kingdom of the Netherlands - Best Travel Destination
Amsterdam, Capital of Kingdom of the Netherlands - Best Travel Destination
Published: 2015/01/02
Channel: Best Travel Destination
What Is The Hague And How Powerful Is It?
What Is The Hague And How Powerful Is It?
Published: 2016/08/24
Channel: NowThis World
Amsterdam - Netherlands
Amsterdam - Netherlands
Published: 2015/03/07
Channel: THEWORLDOFTRAVEL
Amsterdam in Netherlands - Holland tourism - Dutch travel video
Amsterdam in Netherlands - Holland tourism - Dutch travel video
Published: 2014/05/15
Channel: Europe Video Productions
Top 9 Most Famous Cities to Visit in Netherlands
Top 9 Most Famous Cities to Visit in Netherlands
Published: 2017/10/03
Channel: Live to Travel
AMSTERDAM-CAPITAL OF THE NETHERLANDS
AMSTERDAM-CAPITAL OF THE NETHERLANDS
Published: 2017/02/26
Channel: kavon77
Fun in Amsterdam - Discover the capital of the Netherlands
Fun in Amsterdam - Discover the capital of the Netherlands
Published: 2018/04/14
Channel: Liefde voor Reizen
The Hague (Den Haag), The Netherlands (Big Tour) City Centre, City Hall and Parlement
The Hague (Den Haag), The Netherlands (Big Tour) City Centre, City Hall and Parlement
Published: 2016/12/09
Channel: Ferry Freeman
Amsterdam, North Holland, Netherlands, Europe
Amsterdam, North Holland, Netherlands, Europe
Published: 2018/06/29
Channel: Pietro Pecco
The Hague, South Holland, Netherlands - virtual tour
The Hague, South Holland, Netherlands - virtual tour
Published: 2016/08/08
Channel: Ten Slides
Delft - the first capital of the Netherlands
Delft - the first capital of the Netherlands
Published: 2016/10/27
Channel: Alex
Why is the Dutch government not seated in Amsterdam?
Why is the Dutch government not seated in Amsterdam?
Published: 2015/11/19
Channel: All things Dutch
Nederland The Hague
Nederland The Hague
Published: 2011/05/19
Channel: Nico Ruijter
Top 10 Destinations in the Netherlands
Top 10 Destinations in the Netherlands
Published: 2014/06/28
Channel: VideoVoyage.TV
Amsterdam, capital of Netherlands
Amsterdam, capital of Netherlands
Published: 2017/05/04
Channel: angelazhng1
The Netherlands (Holland) - Around the Country In 23 minutes.
The Netherlands (Holland) - Around the Country In 23 minutes.
Published: 2016/08/08
Channel: Timosha21
Pokemon GO at Kijkduin, the Pokemon capital of the Netherlands!!
Pokemon GO at Kijkduin, the Pokemon capital of the Netherlands!!
Published: 2016/09/19
Channel: Crafty gamer
Amsterdam, capital of Netherlands
Amsterdam, capital of Netherlands
Published: 2017/05/04
Channel: angelazhng1
DISCOVERING EUROPEAN CAPITAL OF CULTURE 2018 - TRAVEL VLOG 282 LEEUWARDEN | ENTERPRISEME TV
DISCOVERING EUROPEAN CAPITAL OF CULTURE 2018 - TRAVEL VLOG 282 LEEUWARDEN | ENTERPRISEME TV
Published: 2016/04/08
Channel: TRAVEL VLOG IV
Amsterdam - The Netherlands
Amsterdam - The Netherlands
Published: 2007/03/10
Channel: Ebo Biginski
Amsterdam, Netherlands virtual tour
Amsterdam, Netherlands virtual tour
Published: 2016/01/19
Channel: Ten Slides
The hague and Leiden, Netherlands
The hague and Leiden, Netherlands
Published: 2017/08/06
Channel: Ester Esteves
Amsterdam, capital of Netherlands
Amsterdam, capital of Netherlands
Published: 2017/05/04
Channel: angelazhng1
VISIT AMSTERDAM, THE NETHERLANDS||Amsterdam Vacation Travel Guide||
VISIT AMSTERDAM, THE NETHERLANDS||Amsterdam Vacation Travel Guide||
Published: 2016/10/31
Channel: world youtube
The Hague Meaning
The Hague Meaning
Published: 2015/04/13
Channel: SDictionary
Амстердам - столица Нидерландов
Амстердам - столица Нидерландов
Published: 2017/07/29
Channel: Sights Capitals
Leeuwarden, Friesland, The Netherlands (City Center Tour) GoPro
Leeuwarden, Friesland, The Netherlands (City Center Tour) GoPro
Published: 2016/12/23
Channel: Ferry Freeman
The Hague in 30 seconds
The Hague in 30 seconds
Published: 2012/10/24
Channel: CityFilmTV
What is the Capital of Netherlands?   Netherlands Quiz
What is the Capital of Netherlands? Netherlands Quiz
Published: 2018/02/11
Channel: Quizium
Dutch Capital IM A BOSS (MUSIC VIDEO)
Dutch Capital IM A BOSS (MUSIC VIDEO)
Published: 2011/08/10
Channel: thatswutzout
DUTCH CAPITAL
DUTCH CAPITAL' GO HARD
Published: 2012/07/22
Channel: tanysozi
Cultural Europe: Groningen - Capital of the North
Cultural Europe: Groningen - Capital of the North
Published: 2018/06/10
Channel: Pan-European Movement
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Dam Square in Amsterdam with view of City Hall in the late 17th century: painting by Gerrit Adriaenszoon Berckheyde (Gemäldegalerie, Dresden)
The Hague has been the seat of government of the Netherlands since 1588. Binnenhof - the Dutch Parliament

According to the Dutch constitution, Amsterdam is the capital of the Netherlands, although the parliament and the Dutch government have been situated in The Hague since 1588, along with the Supreme Court and the Council of State.[1][2] Since the 1983 revision of the Constitution, Article 32 specifically mentions that "the King shall be sworn in and inaugurated as soon as possible in the capital city, Amsterdam",[3][4] the only reference in the Constitution stating that Amsterdam is the capital.

Only once during its history was Amsterdam both "capital" and seat of government. Between 1808 and 1810, during the Kingdom of Holland, King Louis Napoleon resided in Amsterdam and declared the city capital of his kingdom and seat of government. To accommodate the king, the grand seventeenth-century Town Hall of Amsterdam, prime example of the republican values that were prevalent for so long in the Netherlands, was converted into a Royal Palace.

In 1810 the Netherlands were annexed by the French Empire and King Louis Napoleon was replaced by a French governor, who took up residence in the Royal Palace in Amsterdam. From 1810 to 1813 Amsterdam kept its position of capital city somewhat, as Emperor Napoleon declared the city to be the third city of the Empire (after Paris and Rome) and an imperial residence. In December 1813, after the fall of Napoleon and the accession of Prince William VI of Orange as Sovereign of the Netherlands, The Hague was restored as the seat of government.

Historical background[edit]

Although the proper legal status of Amsterdam as capital of the Netherlands is of recent date, the city has been uniformly recognised as capital ever since 1814. This is partly because it is a Royal City, used not only for the inauguration of kings, but also for royal weddings (note though that royal burials take place in Delft), and also because of its dominant position in Dutch history. From the end of the 16th century the city grew rapidly to become the largest and most powerful city in the Netherlands and the main centre of trade, commerce, finance and culture.

The origins of the split between Amsterdam as capital city and The Hague as seat of government lay in the peculiar Dutch constitutional history. From the middle-ages to the sixteenth century, The Hague had been the seat of government of the County of Holland and residence of the Counts of Holland. Amsterdam in the mean time was growing to be a more important city. After the establishment of the Republic of the United Netherlands in 1572/1581, Dordrecht briefly became the seat of government of the United Provinces, residence of the States General, the Council of State and the Prince of Orange as Prince Stadtholder. In 1588 these central governmental institutions were moved to The Hague, which, from that point onwards, kept the position of seat of government for the whole republic. Amsterdam remained loyal to the Spanish/Burgundian empire until relatively late in the Eighty Years War, which allowed the city a lot of trade opportunities, but made it unsuitable for the seat of government of the emerging 'rebel' state.

Before the institution of the Batavian Republic of 1795 the Netherlands were not a unitary state, but more of a confederation in which the independent provinces and the larger cities and towns were very much politically autonomous. During the seventeenth century, the Prince Stadtholder as official of the States of Holland clashed several times with the city government of Amsterdam about policy, up to the point that the city was beleaguered by the army. Up to 1795 there remained a strong animosity between the Orange faction and the republican faction in Dutch politics. The former supported the idea of hereditary political leadership vested in the princes of Orange as Stadtholders, and had its powerbase in The Hague and the rural areas. The latter supported civic independence and found its support mainly in the cities and towns of Holland, with Amsterdam as its progenitor and most outspoken representative.

When in 1814 the new kingdom was formed, the appointment of Amsterdam, still the most prominent city in the kingdom, as capital city was also very much a conciliatory gesture of the Orange faction towards the town, and a recognition of the strong civic and republican basis of the new kingdom.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dutch Wikisource. "Grondwet voor het Koninkrijk der Nederlanden" [Constitution for the Kingdom of the Netherlands] (in Dutch). Chapter 2, Article 32. Retrieved 7 January 2018. ... de hoofdstad Amsterdam ... 
  2. ^ Daum, Andreas (2005). Berlin–Washington, 1800–2000 Capital Cities, Cultural Representation, and National Identities. Cambridge University Press. pp. 13, 38. ISBN 0521841178. Amsterdam is the statuary capital of the Netherlands, while the Dutch government resides in De Hague. [sic]" (p. 13) "The Netherlands' seat of government is The Hague but its capital is bustling Amsterdam, the national cultural center. (p. 38) 
  3. ^ "Grondwet voor het Koninkrijk der Nederlanden (1983)" (in Dutch). Retrieved 2016-12-06. 
  4. ^ "The Constitution of the Kingdom of the Netherlands 2008". Retrieved 2016-12-06. 

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