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This is ILOILO - Downtown City Proper
This is ILOILO - Downtown City Proper
Published: 2015/06/01
Channel: MoneyGirlPH
ILOILO CITY DOWNTOWN CITY PROPER
ILOILO CITY DOWNTOWN CITY PROPER
Published: 2018/04/17
Channel: Val Rianne Billones
[Iloilo City] ► Walking Tour in the City Proper
[Iloilo City] ► Walking Tour in the City Proper
Published: 2018/07/04
Channel: Edmar Guquib
Bat House - City Proper / Woods - Audiotree live (3 of 4)
Bat House - City Proper / Woods - Audiotree live (3 of 4)
Published: 2017/10/12
Channel: Audiotree
The City Proper Returns
The City Proper Returns
Published: 2016/06/15
Channel: The City Proper
City proper
City proper
Published: 2017/01/03
Channel: Grace Dagle
Coron Town Proper Palawan Philippines S4, Vlog 63
Coron Town Proper Palawan Philippines S4, Vlog 63
Published: 2017/06/08
Channel: B Adventures Travel Vlogs
Wormburner - Pike City Proper (Live on KEXP)
Wormburner - Pike City Proper (Live on KEXP)
Published: 2011/08/05
Channel: KEXP
tagatay city proper
tagatay city proper
Published: 2013/02/12
Channel: chester asehan
Phrases in English: The city proper
Phrases in English: The city proper
Published: 2017/06/16
Channel: EnglishCast
24 Oras: Mga sasakyang nagpumilit pumasok sa city proper, pinaputukan ng mga pulis
24 Oras: Mga sasakyang nagpumilit pumasok sa city proper, pinaputukan ng mga pulis
Published: 2017/05/29
Channel: GMA News
Top 30 Largest Cities on Earth (by City Proper)
Top 30 Largest Cities on Earth (by City Proper)
Published: 2018/06/12
Channel: BG Global
Batman: Arkham Knight: Proper Arkham City Skin Mod
Batman: Arkham Knight: Proper Arkham City Skin Mod
Published: 2016/12/17
Channel: caplag
Kathmandu City Proper
Kathmandu City Proper
Published: 2013/03/20
Channel: Hoosier Tim's Travel Videos
CORON PALAWAN | City Proper, Lobster King, Maquinit Hotspring, Skyjet (adoseofpaula)
CORON PALAWAN | City Proper, Lobster King, Maquinit Hotspring, Skyjet (adoseofpaula)
Published: 2018/07/06
Channel: ADoseOfPaula
Park City Proper - April 2018 Real Estate Market Update
Park City Proper - April 2018 Real Estate Market Update
Published: 2018/04/07
Channel: Summit Sotheby's International Realty
Bat House - "City Proper" -  ACRN In-Studio Concert Series
Bat House - "City Proper" - ACRN In-Studio Concert Series
Published: 2018/01/20
Channel: ACRN Media
‘Ghost city’ of Raqqa: Civilians struggle to survive without electricity & proper water supply
‘Ghost city’ of Raqqa: Civilians struggle to survive without electricity & proper water supply
Published: 2018/02/12
Channel: RT
Pimp C ft. Z-Ro & C-Murder-In My City (Proper ChopR Rmx)
Pimp C ft. Z-Ro & C-Murder-In My City (Proper ChopR Rmx)
Published: 2015/11/15
Channel: Proper ChopR
jazan city proper
jazan city proper
Published: 2008/09/16
Channel: jalngig5
SONA: Mga sasakyang nagpumilit pumasok sa city proper, pinaputukan ng mga pulis
SONA: Mga sasakyang nagpumilit pumasok sa city proper, pinaputukan ng mga pulis
Published: 2017/05/29
Channel: GMA News
city camp proper barangay pride! HOMEWORKS
city camp proper barangay pride! HOMEWORKS
Published: 2011/05/03
Channel: crisweng4ever
Iloilo Airport to City Proper ( Megaworld Iloilo ) | Trip ni Rey
Iloilo Airport to City Proper ( Megaworld Iloilo ) | Trip ni Rey
Published: 2017/04/29
Channel: amontours
ILOILO 4K DRONE || CITY PROPER & ALIMODIAN
ILOILO 4K DRONE || CITY PROPER & ALIMODIAN
Published: 2016/08/31
Channel: LifeAfterShift
Puerto Princesa City Proper
Puerto Princesa City Proper
Published: 2017/12/02
Channel: Jupiter Legaspi
Narra Park Residences| Housing Loan in Davao City Proper
Narra Park Residences| Housing Loan in Davao City Proper
Published: 2016/06/24
Channel: Davao Property Solutions
Pirot  - Harana Live Talon at Brgy. Hipodromo, City Proper, Iloilo City. April 29, 2018
Pirot - Harana Live Talon at Brgy. Hipodromo, City Proper, Iloilo City. April 29, 2018
Published: 2018/04/30
Channel: Pirot Songhits
Boao Town Proper 4/7/2018
Boao Town Proper 4/7/2018
Published: 2018/04/07
Channel: RTVMalacanang
Pirot - Harana Live Kanugon at Brgy Hipodromo, City Proper, Iloilo City. April 29, 2018
Pirot - Harana Live Kanugon at Brgy Hipodromo, City Proper, Iloilo City. April 29, 2018
Published: 2018/04/30
Channel: Pirot Songhits
Pirot  - Harana Live Mapintas at Brgy. Hipodromo, City Proper, IloiloCity
Pirot - Harana Live Mapintas at Brgy. Hipodromo, City Proper, IloiloCity
Published: 2018/04/30
Channel: Pirot Songhits
Linao to City Proper. Ormoc City Leyte
Linao to City Proper. Ormoc City Leyte
Published: 2013/11/19
Channel: Ma. May Matuguina
Banwa (City Proper) - Short Film by Aldrich Rosano
Banwa (City Proper) - Short Film by Aldrich Rosano
Published: 2015/06/18
Channel: Aldrich Rosano
Top 6 Famous Places Within the City Proper (Gingoog City)
Top 6 Famous Places Within the City Proper (Gingoog City)
Published: 2017/03/17
Channel: Ike Victon Regatuna Amper
Ormoc City Yolanda Aftermath From City Proper to Barangay Salvacion 3 of 4
Ormoc City Yolanda Aftermath From City Proper to Barangay Salvacion 3 of 4
Published: 2013/11/30
Channel: Yeng Morales
Bancarera 2015 Finals Pinamucan Proper Batangas City
Bancarera 2015 Finals Pinamucan Proper Batangas City
Published: 2015/04/29
Channel: sarahlorenzpd
Young city proper official video
Young city proper official video
Published: 2017/02/25
Channel: donmish AKPOS TV
bacolod city tabao proper
bacolod city tabao proper
Published: 2009/06/22
Channel: melts92
Park City Proper - July 2018 Real Estate Market Update
Park City Proper - July 2018 Real Estate Market Update
Published: 2018/07/07
Channel: Summit Sotheby's International Realty
Wormburner - Pike City Proper (Last.fm Sessions)
Wormburner - Pike City Proper (Last.fm Sessions)
Published: 2013/07/15
Channel: Last.fm
Park City Proper - March 2018 Real Estate Market Update
Park City Proper - March 2018 Real Estate Market Update
Published: 2018/03/07
Channel: Summit Sotheby's International Realty
Orb spotted at Calle Real, Iloilo City Proper (Santelmo)
Orb spotted at Calle Real, Iloilo City Proper (Santelmo)
Published: 2018/05/31
Channel: Viral Vids
Yerevan, Armenia from the Airport to the City Proper
Yerevan, Armenia from the Airport to the City Proper
Published: 2016/10/05
Channel: Lady S TV
CLEAN AND A PINT OF LEAN- Big City, Proper & Jasmin
CLEAN AND A PINT OF LEAN- Big City, Proper & Jasmin
Published: 2014/12/11
Channel: LADY IN PURPLE
Cupang Proper, Balanga City, Philippines
Cupang Proper, Balanga City, Philippines
Published: 2015/07/12
Channel: jet7492
Firecall at jalandoni street, city proper iloilo city
Firecall at jalandoni street, city proper iloilo city
Published: 2017/04/08
Channel: CHRISTOPHER GO
Balikbayan Booboo: The CITY PROPER story
Balikbayan Booboo: The CITY PROPER story
Published: 2007/12/20
Channel: Maria Velasquez-Franco
LUCENA CITY - Driving through the city proper: Saint Jude Chapel to Mt. Carmel Hospital
LUCENA CITY - Driving through the city proper: Saint Jude Chapel to Mt. Carmel Hospital
Published: 2012/07/24
Channel: rvinno
Stabilized Version Ormoc City Yolanda Aftermath From City Proper to Barangay Salvacion 2 of 4
Stabilized Version Ormoc City Yolanda Aftermath From City Proper to Barangay Salvacion 2 of 4
Published: 2013/11/30
Channel: Yeng Morales
Ormoc City Yolanda Aftermath From City Proper to Barangay Salvacion 1 of 4
Ormoc City Yolanda Aftermath From City Proper to Barangay Salvacion 1 of 4
Published: 2013/12/01
Channel: Yeng Morales
Proper Utensils Band-@8-2-07 Ocean City
Proper Utensils Band-@8-2-07 Ocean City
Published: 2017/08/15
Channel: GoGoMessiah
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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The city proper starts and ends at the city limits, as seen with this sign for Schulenburg, Texas.

A city proper is the area contained within city limits.[1][2] A city proper is not limited to a city; it can describe the complete area of any locality that fits the definition. The United Nations defines the term as "the single political jurisdiction which contains the historical city centre."[3]

City proper is one of the three basic concepts used to define urban areas and populations.[4] The other two are urban agglomeration, and the metropolitan area. In some countries, city limits that act as the demarcation for the city proper are drawn very wide, in some very narrow. This can be cause for recurring controversy.[5][6]

Usage[edit]

An unincorporated town such as Nutbush could not be a city proper, but it can be part of one

In its strict sense, city proper is used as a technical term in demography, the statistical study of human populations. Under the title "World Urbanization Prospects", the United Nations issues every two years estimates and projections of the urban and rural populations of all countries of the world. The book defines the population of a city proper as "the population living within the administrative boundaries of a city."[7] The book continues to say that "city proper as defined by administrative boundaries may not include suburban areas where an important proportion of the population working or studying in the city lives."[8]

In demography, city proper is one of the three basic concepts used to define urban areas and populations.

In demography, city proper is one of the three basic concepts used to define urban areas and populations.[4] The other two are urban agglomeration, and the metropolitan area. In addition, there are Census Statistical Areas and permutations thereof.

A United Nations University working paper titled "Urban Settlement"[4] reviews the most commonly used data sources, and highlights the difficulties inherent in defining and measuring the size of urban versus rural populations. It says: "The city proper is determined by legal and administrative criteria, and typically comprises only those geographical areas that are part of a legally defined, and often historically-established administrative unit. However, many urban areas have grown far beyond the limits of the city proper, necessitating other measures. An urban agglomeration is the de facto population contained within the contours of a contiguous territory inhabited at urban density levels without regard to administrative boundaries’. Urban agglomerations are thus determined by density: the agglomeration ends where the density of settlement drops below some critical threshold. A still more comprehensive concept is the metropolitan area."

In short, there is no "right" manner to define a city or municipality; city proper is just one manner.

Etymology[edit]

In encyclopedias, the term "city proper" is often used as an example to illustrate a meaning of the word "proper" as "tightly defined"

The term is a combination of "city" in the sense of "an incorporated administrative district",[9] and "proper" in the sense of "strictly limited to a specified thing, place, or idea" or "strictly accurate".[10] In encyclopedias, the term "city proper" is often used as an example to illustrate the meaning of the word "proper" in the sense of "tightly defined".

Encarta 
"narrowly identified, strictly identified and distinguished from something else" – stayed in the suburbs, not the city proper[11]
Merriam-Webster 
"strictly limited to a specified thing, place, or idea <the city proper>"[12]
Dictionary.com 
"in the strict sense of the word (usually used postpositively)":- Is the school within Boston proper or in the suburbs?[13]
The Free Dictionary 
"Being within the strictly limited sense, as of a term designating something: the town proper, excluding the suburbs".[14]

Internationalization[edit]

"City proper" can take on different meanings in different parts of the world. (6th of October City, Egypt)

Especially when translated from the English or back, "city proper" sometimes takes on different meanings in different parts of the world. Some languages have no equivalent.

The United Nations Demographic Yearbook is compiled using questionnaires dispatched annually to more than 230 national statistical offices.[4] These questionnaires ask for the country-specific definition of urban areas, rural areas and city proper.[15] In its glossary,[16] the Yearbook defines "city proper" as "a locality defined according to legal/political boundaries and an administratively recognized urban status that is usually characterized by some form of local government". In its data however, the United Nations Demographic Yearbook affords the individual countries considerable leeway over the definition of "city proper". The table titled "Population of capital cities and cities of 100 000 or more inhabitants"[5] provides several country-specific definitions for "city proper" that diverge from the provided definition:

Japan
"Except for Tokyo, all data refer to shi, a minor division which may include some scattered or rural population as well as an urban centre". In Tokyo, "data for city proper refer to 23 wards (ku) of the old city".
Australia
"For all regions it is not possible to distinguish between 'city proper' and 'urban agglomeration' areas, therefore data has been included under 'city proper'".
UK, Thailand, Qatar, Cyprus, Bangladesh, Suriname, Colombia, Nicaragua, Canada
do not report City Proper data; agglomerations only.
Turkey
provides city proper data for most cities; for some large cities, such as Istanbul or Ankara, only agglomeration data are given.
Mexico
provides city proper data for most cities, while for others, such as Guadalajara, Mexico City, or Monterey, only agglomeration data are given.
Poland
A city can be "an administratively separated area entitled to civil (municipal) rights".
France
"Data for cities proper refer to communes which are centres for urban agglomeration".

These definitions are those given for the purpose of the United Nations Demographic Yearbook. One should not assume that these necessarily are the prevailing definitions in their respective countries.

Misuse[edit]

"City proper" is often misused to refer to the city center. The city proper of Tokyo includes islands nearly 2000 km away

Even in the English speaking world, there can be considerable confusion about the term "city proper". Official city websites sometimes claim that "the city proper is the area of the city where the population is the most densely populated"[6] - which is a common misconception. Even noted demography experts, such as Richard L. Forstall, Richard P. Greene, and James B. Pick, authors of the paper "Which Are The Largest? Why Published Populations For Major World Urban Areas Vary So Greatly" (which is the basis for List of metropolitan areas by population),[17] can get confused about the usage of "city proper". On page 2, they give "city proper" an "administrative definition". On page 5, they imply that the administrative boundaries define the "city proper". Yet on page 14, they make "city proper" a smaller subset of the administrative areas of the cities of Tokyo, Mexico City, and Chicago, and imply that "city proper" and "administrative area" can be different. When articles are translated from other languages, "city proper" is often misused for the city center.[18] One should not automatically assume that "city proper" always refers to "administrative area". Caution should be exercised if the text was translated from another language.

Controversy[edit]

The city proper of Hulunbuir (red) in Inner Mongolia (orange) is recognized as the largest city in the world by area[citation needed]
Divided into several Local Government Areas, Lagos, the most populous city in Africa, and one of the most populous and fastest growing cities in the world, does not count as a city proper

In some countries, city limits that act as the demarcation for the city proper are drawn very wide, or very narrow. This can be cause for recurring controversy.

"List of cities by surface area" lists little known cities that are larger than many countries. By area, the city of Altamira, Brazil (population 84,000) is bigger than Greece. The City of Kalgoorlie-Boulder (population 32,000) covers more area than Hungary, Portugal, Austria, or Ireland. While these examples cause limited debate, cities in China are a source of continuing disagreement.

The Chinese city of Hulunbuir in Inner Mongolia is recognized as the largest city in the world by area. According to the "Urban Settlement" working paper, "in 1986, to cope with growing administrative demands at the local level, China essentially reclassified counties as cities in order to allow local city governments to control the surrounding areas".[4] The authors state that "the Chinese city of Chongqing is another case in point. Even though the municipal district of Chongqing has a total population of more than 30 million inhabitants, fewer than 6 million actually live in Chongqing city proper. Depending on which classification is used, Chongqing is sometimes listed as the world's largest city and, in other cases, does not even appear in the top rung of urban population rankings". (Note the context of "city proper".)

Yunyan Yang describes the problems one is faced with when interpreting population data of Chinese cities proper, using the example of Wuhan.[19] "Misconceptions and Complexities in the Study of China's Cities: Definitions, Statistics, and Implications", an article that appeared in the Journal of Eurasian Geography and Economics, illustrates and clarifies factors leading to misunderstanding and misconceptions regarding the number of inhabitants of China's major cities. (In their paper, the authors use "city proper" in the context of "city districts", and not as the larger administrative area.)[20]

On the other side of the extreme is Metropolitan Lagos. This city has a population of nearly 8 million according to the latest census, which is debated. Official data by the Lagos State estimate the population of Metropolitan Lagos at more than 14 million.[21] However, there is no Metropolitan Government. The Municipality of Lagos was disbanded in 1976 and divided into several Local Government Areas. As a result, the most populous city in Africa, and one of the most populous and fastest growing cities in the world[22] can be missing from lists of cities proper. A similar situation exists in Australia, where large cities are divided into much smaller Local Government Areas.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ United Nations. Dept. of Economic and Social Affairs (2002). Demographic yearbook, 2000. United Nations Publications, 2002. p. 23. ISBN 92-1-051091-7. 
  2. ^ Robert B. Potter; Virginia Potter (1978). Urban development in the world dryland regions: Inventory and prospects. Geoforum. pp. 349–379. 
  3. ^ "Global Urban Indicators - Selected Statistics" (PDF). UN habitat. November 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 January 2011. Retrieved 20 Jul 2010. 
  4. ^ a b c d e David E. Bloom, David Canning, Günther Fink,Tarun Khanna, Patrick Salyer. "Urban Settlement" (PDF). Working Paper No. 2010/12. Helsinki: World Institute for Development Economics Research . Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-06-13. Retrieved 20 Jul 2010. 
  5. ^ a b Population of capital cities and cities of 100 000 or more inhabitants
  6. ^ a b City of Saint John
  7. ^ World Urbanization Prospects: The 2003 Revision. United Nations. 2004. p. 2. ISBN 92-1-151396-0. Retrieved 2010-07-19. 
  8. ^ World Urbanization Prospects: The 2003 Revision. United Nations. 2004. p. 104. ISBN 92-1-151396-0. Retrieved 2010-07-19. 
  9. ^ "WordNet Search - 3.0". Wordnetweb.princeton.edu. Retrieved 2010-07-26. 
  10. ^ "Proper - Definition and More from the Free Merriam-Webster Dictionary". Mw2.merriam-webster.com. 2007-04-25. Retrieved 2010-07-26. 
  11. ^ Encarta example for the usage of "proper"
  12. ^ "Merriam-Webster example for the usage of proper"
  13. ^ Dictionary.com example for the usage of "proper"
  14. ^ Free Dictionary example for the usage of "proper"
  15. ^ Questionnaire on Metadata for Population and Housing Census
  16. ^ The United Nations Demographic Yearbook
  17. ^ Which Are The Largest? Why Published Populations For Major World Urban Areas Vary So Greatly Archived May 31, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
  18. ^ Overview of Suzhou City
  19. ^ Yunyan Yang (Fall 2003). "Urban Labour Market Segmentation:Some Observations Based on Wuhan Census Data" (PDF). The China Review. Wuhan. 3 (2): 145–158. Retrieved 20 Jul 2010. 
  20. ^ Kam Wing Chan. "Misconceptions and Complexities in the Study of China's Cities: Definitions, Statistics, and Implications" (PDF). University of Washington: Bellwether Publishing. Retrieved 20 July 2010. 
  21. ^ "Population (Lagos)". Retrieved 2010-07-28. 
  22. ^ World's fastest growing cities and urban areas from 2006 to 2020, by CityMayors.com

External links[edit]

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