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George Ezra - Coat Of Armour [Official Audio]
George Ezra - Coat Of Armour [Official Audio]
Published: 2014/03/07
Channel: George Ezra
The City of Amsterdam, Netherlands
The City of Amsterdam, Netherlands
Published: 2015/02/21
Channel: R. Guntur Mahardika
Coats of arms of provinces of the Netherlands - Znaky provincii Nizozemska
Coats of arms of provinces of the Netherlands - Znaky provincii Nizozemska
Published: 2016/11/29
Channel: Geografie 28
What Does The Amsterdam Flag Look Like
What Does The Amsterdam Flag Look Like
Published: 2017/09/05
Channel: Question Around
Cheat Codes & Dante Klein - Let Me Hold You (Turn Me On) [Official Music Video]
Cheat Codes & Dante Klein - Let Me Hold You (Turn Me On) [Official Music Video]
Published: 2016/06/30
Channel: Spinnin' Records
"Wandering Star" / "Coat of Arms" by Nosaj Thing @ Le Poisson Rouge
"Wandering Star" / "Coat of Arms" by Nosaj Thing @ Le Poisson Rouge
Published: 2011/01/11
Channel: gundleok
What Does The Amsterdam Flag Look Like?
What Does The Amsterdam Flag Look Like?
Published: 2017/09/03
Channel: Question Shared
Coat of Arms of Germany Tattoo
Coat of Arms of Germany Tattoo
Published: 2012/05/03
Channel: PeeAir31
COAT OF ARMS +
COAT OF ARMS +
Published: 2010/04/03
Channel: nerdswerth
What Does The Amsterdam Flag Look Like?
What Does The Amsterdam Flag Look Like?
Published: 2017/12/07
Channel: Nedra Matias Tipz
Unknown Artist - What You Need (Coat Of Arms Remix)
Unknown Artist - What You Need (Coat Of Arms Remix)
Published: 2013/04/28
Channel: MrSoundAmigo
The Gouda Cheese Market • Traditional Dutch Market • THE NETHERLANDS
The Gouda Cheese Market • Traditional Dutch Market • THE NETHERLANDS
Published: 2014/11/11
Channel: Oxlaey
Coat of arms of the Netherlands Antilles Top # 6 Facts
Coat of arms of the Netherlands Antilles Top # 6 Facts
Published: 2015/11/01
Channel: Clarence
Sharli
Sharli's Den Bosch (coat of arms) Tattoo
Published: 2010/08/02
Channel: Sharli
Amsterdam cycling | Travel Diary
Amsterdam cycling | Travel Diary
Published: 2015/07/06
Channel: Pink Modesty
excursions in amsterdam
excursions in amsterdam
Published: 2015/05/18
Channel: cateringinnederland nl
Cat
Cat's Eyes - Coat of Arms (The Duke of Burgundy Original Soundtrack Album)
Published: 2015/05/28
Channel: Milan Records USA
Overkill x Adidas "Coat of Arms" | Review
Overkill x Adidas "Coat of Arms" | Review
Published: 2017/05/14
Channel: Turnschuh.tv
Jordan Munson - Until My Last (Official Album Trailer)
Jordan Munson - Until My Last (Official Album Trailer)
Published: 2018/04/20
Channel: New Amsterdam Records
Applying grisaille | Aanbrengen grisaille
Applying grisaille | Aanbrengen grisaille
Published: 2018/02/15
Channel: glasatelier ruud harberts
amsterdam shore excursions
amsterdam shore excursions
Published: 2015/05/30
Channel: cateringinnederland nl
Amsterdam Travel Guide - Last Minute Travel - Final Minute Travel
Amsterdam Travel Guide - Last Minute Travel - Final Minute Travel
Published: 2017/07/30
Channel: Final Minute Travel
excursions in amsterdam
excursions in amsterdam
Published: 2015/05/31
Channel: cateringinnederland nl
The Royal Palace - Dam Square - Amsterdam
The Royal Palace - Dam Square - Amsterdam
Published: 2012/06/01
Channel: icandigitbabe
Nosaj Thing - Coat Of Arms (Live)
Nosaj Thing - Coat Of Arms (Live)
Published: 2009/08/22
Channel: StayBentStayBusy
excursions in amsterdam
excursions in amsterdam
Published: 2015/05/30
Channel: cateringinnederland nl
Netherlands: Haarzuilens - Castle De Haar
Netherlands: Haarzuilens - Castle De Haar
Published: 2011/12/26
Channel: maaswater15
Sabaton "Coat of Arms" & "Primo Victoria",16-3-2013,Athens,HELLAS.
Sabaton "Coat of Arms" & "Primo Victoria",16-3-2013,Athens,HELLAS.
Published: 2013/03/30
Channel: TheAncientMetalhead
Coat of Arms Sergio García
Coat of Arms Sergio García
Published: 2014/10/15
Channel: sergio garcia
Amsterdam Tourist Shopping and Marijuana Section...
Amsterdam Tourist Shopping and Marijuana Section...
Published: 2012/07/12
Channel: Jerry Williams
incoming touroperators in the netherlands
incoming touroperators in the netherlands
Published: 2015/05/31
Channel: cateringinnederland nl
Applying enamel | Aanbrengen emaille
Applying enamel | Aanbrengen emaille
Published: 2018/02/15
Channel: glasatelier ruud harberts
Unknown Artist - What You Need (Coat of Arms Mix)
Unknown Artist - What You Need (Coat of Arms Mix)
Published: 2012/03/12
Channel: 3hreefingers
Nosaj Thing: Light #2 / Heart Entire, 1 Nov 2009, Amsterdam
Nosaj Thing: Light #2 / Heart Entire, 1 Nov 2009, Amsterdam
Published: 2009/11/02
Channel: jacquestourneur
Nosaj Thing "Coat of Arms" live at Frite Nite in San Francisco on 10/23/08
Nosaj Thing "Coat of Arms" live at Frite Nite in San Francisco on 10/23/08
Published: 2008/10/31
Channel: Carlos Rodriguez
Diamond exhibition in Amsterdam (Week number 55-11)
Diamond exhibition in Amsterdam (Week number 55-11)
Published: 2018/02/18
Channel: Creative Commons Media
Amsterdam diamond city (Week number 49-25)
Amsterdam diamond city (Week number 49-25)
Published: 2018/02/18
Channel: Creative Commons Media
Volendam,the Netherlands
Volendam,the Netherlands
Published: 2018/04/15
Channel: Jashda Rampersad
Volendam, The Netherlands
Volendam, The Netherlands
Published: 2015/10/23
Channel: TOP3.AMSTERDAM
"Amsterdam Diamond City" (Week number 57-27)
"Amsterdam Diamond City" (Week number 57-27)
Published: 2018/02/18
Channel: Creative Commons Media
rotterdam shore excursions
rotterdam shore excursions
Published: 2015/05/31
Channel: cateringinnederland nl
shore excursions from rotterdam
shore excursions from rotterdam
Published: 2015/05/31
Channel: cateringinnederland nl
sightseeings in amsterdam
sightseeings in amsterdam
Published: 2015/05/18
Channel: cateringinnederland nl
Nosaj Thing @ The Loft (UCSD)- Wandering Star Remix/Coat of Arms
Nosaj Thing @ The Loft (UCSD)- Wandering Star Remix/Coat of Arms
Published: 2010/01/11
Channel: gnarlyguy3
shore excursions antwerp
shore excursions antwerp
Published: 2015/05/31
Channel: cateringinnederland nl
shore excursions antwerp
shore excursions antwerp
Published: 2015/05/31
Channel: cateringinnederland nl
What Is The Meaning Of The Netherlands Flag?
What Is The Meaning Of The Netherlands Flag?
Published: 2017/09/04
Channel: Question Shared
amsterdam excursions
amsterdam excursions
Published: 2015/05/30
Channel: cateringinnederland nl
Nosaj Thing   ADE 2010   Paradiso Amsterdam   Part 2
Nosaj Thing ADE 2010 Paradiso Amsterdam Part 2
Published: 2010/11/07
Channel: Sterre Manasse
Nosaj Thing - Coat Of Arms
Nosaj Thing - Coat Of Arms
Published: 2009/04/02
Channel: jarvis101415
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Coat of arms of Amsterdam
Wapen van Amsterdam.svg
Versions
Insigne Amstelodamensis.svg
Escutcheon-only version
Details
Armiger City of Amsterdam
Crest The Imperial Crown of Austria, proper
Escutcheon Gules, a pale sable charged with three saltorels argent in pale
Supporters Two lions rampant proper
Compartment A stone pedestal proper
Motto Heldhaftig, Vastberaden, Barmhartig (Dutch: "Valiant, Steadfast, Compassionate")

The coat of arms of Amsterdam is the official coat of arms symbol of the city of Amsterdam. It consists of a red shield and a black pale with three silver Saint Andrew's Crosses, the Imperial Crown of Austria, two golden lions, and the motto of Amsterdam. Several heraldic elements have their basis in the history of Amsterdam. The crosses and the crown can be found as decorations on different locations in the city.

Heraldic elements[edit]

Escutcheon[edit]

In the coat of arms of Amsterdam, the field of the escutcheon (heraldic shield) is red. The field is charged with three vertically ordered silver or white Saint Andrew's Crosses on top of a black pale. The field and the pale result in three vertical bands in the colours red and black.

The crosses probably have their origin in the shield of the noble family Persijn. The knight Jan Persijn was lord of Amstelledamme (Amsterdam) from 1280 to 1282.[1] In the escutcheons of Dordrecht and Delft, two other cities in Holland, the pale refers to water. In analogy with this, the black pale in the escutcheon of Amsterdam would refer to the river Amstel. Both the colours and the crosses are also found in the escutcheons of two towns near Amsterdam: the village of Ouder-Amstel on the banks of the river Amstel to the southeast, and Nieuwer-Amstel (now the suburb Amstelveen) to the southwest. Both villages were also the property of the Persijn family.

The escutcheon forms the basis for the flag of Amsterdam, but the bands and crosses are positioned horizontally on the flag instead of vertically. The three Saint Andrew's Crosses are used in the logo of the city government[2] and also as decorations on the typical Amsterdam bollards called Amsterdammertjes.

Imperial Crown[edit]

During the Hook and Cod wars in Holland in the 15th century, the Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I supported the bourgeoisie in the cities (Cod) in their fight against the nobility in the countryside (Hook). During these wars Amsterdam loaned large amounts of money to Maximilian I. In 1489, the emperor gave Amsterdam the right to use his personal imperial crown in its coat of arms, out of gratitude for these loans. When his successor Rudolf II created a new personal crown, Amsterdam changed the crown accordingly. After the Reformation, the Protestant Amsterdam continued to use the crown of the Catholic emperor.[1] In 1804, the crown of Rudolf II became the Imperial Crown of Austria. In the coat of arms of Amsterdam, the Imperial Crown is positioned on top of the escutcheon.

The Imperial Crown can be found independently at several locations in Amsterdam. The tower of the Protestant church Westerkerk is crowned with the Imperial Crown and the bridge Blauwbrug is decorated with several Imperial Crowns.[1]

Golden lions[edit]

The supporters of the escutcheon are two rampant golden lions. The compartment the lions stand on is a stone pedestal. The lions were added to the coat of arms in the 16th century.[1]

Motto[edit]

During the 1941 February strike in Amsterdam, non-Jewish people protested against the persecution of Jews by the Nazi regime.[3] Queen Wilhelmina wanted to remember the role of the citizens of Amsterdam during World War II and created a motto consisting of the Dutch words "Heldhaftig, Vastberaden, Barmhartig", meaning "Valiant, Steadfast, Compassionate". On March 29, 1947, Wilhelmina presented the motto as part of the coat of arms of Amsterdam to the city government.[1]

Never will I forget the emotion that overwhelmed us, when eyewitnesses first notified us in London of how the entire population had actually turned against the inhumanity of the cruel tyrant.[i][3]

In the coat of arms of Amsterdam, the motto is written on a silver scroll. This scroll is positioned on top of the compartment under the escutcheon.

Usage[edit]

The coat of arms displayed on the Stopera (city hall and opera building)

As a coat of arms of a Dutch municipality, the coat of arms of Amsterdam is registered with the Hoge Raad van Adel (cf. College of Arms). These coats of arms are all effectively in the public domain, as the municipalities cannot claim copyright.[4] In contrast, actually using the coat of arms to suggest any kind of official endorsement is restricted, more comparable to a trademark than a copyright. The coat of arms may only be used by others than the city with the explicit permission of the municipal government. In general permission is not granted to others, because the coat of arms designates the city of Amsterdam. Individual elements, such as the three Saint Andrew's Crosses or the escutcheon may be used by others without permission.[2]

Notes[edit]

  1. i Original quote in Dutch: "Nooit zal ik de ontroering vergeten, die zich van ons meester maakte, toen ooggetuigen ons te Londen het eerste bericht brachten, hoe gans een bevolking zich in daadwerkelijk verzet gekeerd had tegen de onmenselijkheid van een wrede dwingeland."

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Helmers, Johanneke (2005-06-01). "Het wapen van Amsterdam". amsterdam.nl. City of Amsterdam. Retrieved 2007-04-08. 
  2. ^ a b The webmaster of Amsterdam.nl (2005-06-01). "Gebruik van het stadswapen, wapenschild en gemeentelogo door derden". amsterdam.nl/. City of Amsterdam. Archived from the original on 2007-04-03. Retrieved 2007-04-15. 
  3. ^ a b "Gedenktekens Noord-Holland". februaristaking.nl/. Comité Herdenking Februaristaking 1941. Archived from the original on 2007-06-16. Retrieved 2007-04-15. 
  4. ^ Hans Wiegel (3 September 1979). "Gebruik door derden van wapens van publiekrechtelijke lichamen". Archived from the original on 2007-02-06. Retrieved 2007-12-10. 

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