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iPhone X Review: Testing (and Tricking) FaceID
iPhone X Review: Testing (and Tricking) FaceID
Published: 2017/11/02
Channel: Wall Street Journal
Face ID vs Touch ID - Why Face ID comes out on top!
Face ID vs Touch ID - Why Face ID comes out on top!
Published: 2017/11/29
Channel: AppleInsider
Face ID Review after 6 months!
Face ID Review after 6 months!
Published: 2018/05/23
Channel: AppleInsider
Twins Vs. iPhone X Face ID
Twins Vs. iPhone X Face ID
Published: 2017/11/04
Channel: Dolan Twins
MAKEUP vs iPHONE X FACE ID
MAKEUP vs iPHONE X FACE ID
Published: 2017/11/04
Channel: James Charles
Using An Infrared Camera To Show How Face ID Works
Using An Infrared Camera To Show How Face ID Works
Published: 2017/11/13
Channel: Tech Insider
Intelligent Scan vs Face ID - Galaxy S9 vs iPhone X
Intelligent Scan vs Face ID - Galaxy S9 vs iPhone X
Published: 2018/03/14
Channel: SuperSaf TV
Does Face ID work on iPhone X?
Does Face ID work on iPhone X?
Published: 2017/11/01
Channel: iJustine
FACE MASK VS. iPHONE X FACE ID
FACE MASK VS. iPHONE X FACE ID
Published: 2017/11/11
Channel: jeffreestar
Fastest way to unlock your iPhone X with Face ID!
Fastest way to unlock your iPhone X with Face ID!
Published: 2017/11/14
Channel: AppleInsider
Face ID How it Works and How to Trick It!
Face ID How it Works and How to Trick It!
Published: 2017/11/03
Channel: iFixit Video
iPhone X vs Makeup Transformation (Face ID TEST)
iPhone X vs Makeup Transformation (Face ID TEST)
Published: 2017/11/12
Channel: dope2111
Zombie vs iPhone X Face ID
Zombie vs iPhone X Face ID
Published: 2017/11/06
Channel: iJustine
Can a DOG use FACE ID on the iPhone X?
Can a DOG use FACE ID on the iPhone X?
Published: 2017/11/03
Channel: MobileReviewsEh
iPhone X Underwater Face ID Test!
iPhone X Underwater Face ID Test!
Published: 2017/11/05
Channel: Jenna Ezarik
The Best Face ID Features Apple Never Talked About!
The Best Face ID Features Apple Never Talked About!
Published: 2017/11/08
Channel: iTwe4kz
HOW TO TRICK ANY IPHONE X FACE ID (UNLOCK WITHOUT PASSCODE)
HOW TO TRICK ANY IPHONE X FACE ID (UNLOCK WITHOUT PASSCODE)
Published: 2017/11/21
Channel: WolfieRaps
Apple explains Face ID on iPhone X (CNET News)
Apple explains Face ID on iPhone X (CNET News)
Published: 2017/09/12
Channel: CNET
MIRANDA vs. IPHONE X FACE ID
MIRANDA vs. IPHONE X FACE ID
Published: 2018/01/24
Channel: Colleen Ballinger
How to Get Face ID on iPhone 8 and Older! Working 2018!!
How to Get Face ID on iPhone 8 and Older! Working 2018!!
Published: 2017/11/29
Channel: TekNotice
iPhone X — Unlock — Apple
iPhone X — Unlock — Apple
Published: 2018/03/16
Channel: Apple
iPhone X Face ID Unlock Fail
iPhone X Face ID Unlock Fail
Published: 2017/09/12
Channel: Unbox Therapy
The Ultimate Face Unlock Test!
The Ultimate Face Unlock Test!
Published: 2018/02/01
Channel: Beebom
iPhone X Face ID vs. Touch ID или в чем прикол, Apple?
iPhone X Face ID vs. Touch ID или в чем прикол, Apple?
Published: 2017/11/01
Channel: Wylsacom
Ultimate Face ID Test on iPhone X!
Ultimate Face ID Test on iPhone X!
Published: 2017/11/03
Channel: AppleInsider
Trying to Hack iPhone Face ID
Trying to Hack iPhone Face ID
Published: 2017/12/13
Channel: Corridor Crew
FACE ID vs GEMELOS QUIEN GANA ?
FACE ID vs GEMELOS QUIEN GANA ?
Published: 2017/11/04
Channel: MARCIANOTECH
Jim Carrey advierte al mundo: La tecnología Face ID Apple está diseñada para ESCL.. a la humanidad
Jim Carrey advierte al mundo: La tecnología Face ID Apple está diseñada para ESCL.. a la humanidad
Published: 2017/10/02
Channel: Extranotix Misterio
Ten-Year-Old
Ten-Year-Old's Face Unlocks Face ID on His Mom's iPhone X
Published: 2017/11/14
Channel: AtMaliks
Face ID vs Iris Scanner & Face Recognition - iPhone X vs Note 8
Face ID vs Iris Scanner & Face Recognition - iPhone X vs Note 8
Published: 2017/12/12
Channel: AppleInsider
Face ID VS Touch ID
Face ID VS Touch ID
Published: 2017/11/06
Channel: Tailosive Tech
iPhone X + Face ID czy to zawsze działa?
iPhone X + Face ID czy to zawsze działa?
Published: 2017/11/06
Channel: TestHubPL
iPhoneXのFaceIDはマスクを付けても大丈夫なのか?
iPhoneXのFaceIDはマスクを付けても大丈夫なのか?
Published: 2017/11/03
Channel: ないとーVlog
iPhone X : Face ID vraiment meilleur que Touch ID ? BILAN !
iPhone X : Face ID vraiment meilleur que Touch ID ? BILAN !
Published: 2017/11/10
Channel: Mac4Ever
「科技相对论」Face ID 遭“破解”,只有变脸才能拯救你的 iPhone X?
「科技相对论」Face ID 遭“破解”,只有变脸才能拯救你的 iPhone X?
Published: 2017/12/21
Channel: ZEALER China
Thử thách 10 lần lừa FaceID của iPhone X
Thử thách 10 lần lừa FaceID của iPhone X
Published: 2017/11/06
Channel: Vật Vờ Studio
iPhone X ile Face ID
iPhone X ile Face ID'yi KANDIRMAYA ÇALIŞTIK!
Published: 2017/11/03
Channel: ShiftDelete.Net
iPhone X : Face ID VS Touch ID
iPhone X : Face ID VS Touch ID
Published: 2017/11/08
Channel: TheiCollection
ทดสอบ Face ID คนหน้าคล้ายก็ปลดล็อคได้!? พร้อมทดสอบสแกนม่านตา
ทดสอบ Face ID คนหน้าคล้ายก็ปลดล็อคได้!? พร้อมทดสอบสแกนม่านตา
Published: 2017/11/10
Channel: droidsans
БЛИЗНЕЦЫ vs FACE ID IPHONE X / Взломали систему
БЛИЗНЕЦЫ vs FACE ID IPHONE X / Взломали систему
Published: 2017/11/16
Channel: Артем Кей
Face ID  -  Une régression ?
Face ID - Une régression ?
Published: 2017/11/11
Channel: Léo Duff
COMMENT TROMPER L
COMMENT TROMPER L'IPHONE X! (FACE ID)
Published: 2017/12/01
Channel: YXIX
애플 아이폰 X 4일간 사용해본 자세한 사용기. 훌륭한 Face ID와 불편한 기능들(Apple iPhone X Unboxing&Review)
애플 아이폰 X 4일간 사용해본 자세한 사용기. 훌륭한 Face ID와 불편한 기능들(Apple iPhone X Unboxing&Review)
Published: 2017/11/09
Channel: ITSub잇섭
3 ข้อดีของ Face ID ใน iPhone X ที่แม้แต่ Touch ID ก็ทำไม่ได้ !
3 ข้อดีของ Face ID ใน iPhone X ที่แม้แต่ Touch ID ก็ทำไม่ได้ !
Published: 2018/01/07
Channel: Unboxable
FaceID của iPhone X trong tối đọ với Note 8
FaceID của iPhone X trong tối đọ với Note 8
Published: 2017/11/03
Channel: Vật Vờ Studio
iPhone X -prueba extrema de Face ID-
iPhone X -prueba extrema de Face ID-
Published: 2017/11/04
Channel: clipset
Face ID - Over 6 Months Later
Face ID - Over 6 Months Later
Published: 2018/05/25
Channel: zollotech
iPhone X — Introducing Face ID — Apple
iPhone X — Introducing Face ID — Apple
Published: 2017/11/27
Channel: Apple
I HATE FACE..........id - 5 причин не любить faceID в iPhone X
I HATE FACE..........id - 5 причин не любить faceID в iPhone X
Published: 2017/11/07
Channel: Keddr.com
How iPhone X Face ID Works
How iPhone X Face ID Works
Published: 2017/09/15
Channel: CHM Tech
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Face ID on the iPhone X

Face ID is a Face Unlock facial recognition system designed and developed by Apple Inc. for the iPhone X. It is a type of biometric authentication technology intended to succeed Touch ID, a fingerprint-based system. It was announced on September 12, 2017, and is currently only available on the iPhone X, released on 3 November 2017.

Face ID consists of a sensor with two modules; one projects a grid of more than 30,000 infrared dots onto a user's face, and another module reads the pattern to confirm or deny access. This generates a 3D facial map stored in a local, secured area of the device's processor, inaccessible by Apple itself. The system learns from changes in a user's face over time, and can therefore successfully recognize the owner while wearing glasses, hats, scarves, makeup, many types of sunglasses or with changes in beard. The system does not work with eyes closed.

Face ID has sparked a debate about security and privacy. Apple claims it is significantly more advanced than Touch ID, having far fewer false positives, though media reports have discussed the fact that Face ID and other biometric unlocking systems do not have the same level of constitutional privacy as a passcode in the United States. Face ID has shown mixed results when trying to separate identical twins, and the promise of enhanced security has been challenged by hackers and mask makers trying to infiltrate it; at least one of such attempts has been successful, though difficult to perform. Third-party app developers can also request access to "rough maps" of user facial data for their apps, causing concerns among privacy advocates despite rigid requirements by Apple of how developers handle facial data.

History[edit]

Apple Inc. announced Face ID during the unveiling of the iPhone X on September 12, 2017.[1]

Hardware[edit]

Face ID logo, based off the Happy Mac from the old Mac startup

Face ID is intended to replace Touch ID, the fingerprint-based authentication technology used on the iPhone 8 and earlier Apple devices.[2] Face ID is based a facial recognition sensor that consists of two parts: a "Romeo" module that projects more than 30,000 infrared dots onto the user's face, and a "Juliet" module that reads the pattern.[3] The pattern is sent to a local "Secure Enclave" in the device's central processing unit (CPU) to confirm a match with the phone owner's face.[4][5] The facial pattern is not accessible by Apple.[4] The system will not work with eyes closed, in an effort to prevent unauthorized access under the TrueTone lens.[4]But user can disable this function by setting, which would allow unlock even if the eyes are not open.

Apple claimed the probability of someone else unlocking a phone with Face ID is 1 in 1,000,000 as opposed to Touch ID at 1 in 50,000.[2][6] If the user's phone has been rebooted, has not been unlocked for 48 hours, 5 unsuccessful attempts have been made or the technology is manually disabled by the user squeezing the device's side buttons, Face ID gets disabled, requiring a passcode instead.[7]

The technology learns from changes in a user's appearance, and therefore works with hats, scarves, glasses and many sunglasses,[8] beard and makeup.[9]

It also works in the dark.[8] This is done by using a "Flood Illuminator", which is a dedicated infrared flash that throws out invisible infrared light onto the user's face to properly read the 30,000 facial points.[10]

Limitations and criticism[edit]

Twins and close relatives[edit]

Inconsistent results have been shown when testing Face ID on identical twins, with some tests showing the system managing to separate the two,[11] while other tests have failed.[12] The system has additionally been fooled by close relatives.[13] Apple states that the probability of a false match is different for twins and siblings, as well as children under 13 years of age, as "their distinct facial features may not have fully developed".[14]

Law enforcement access[edit]

Face ID has raised concerns regarding the possibility of law enforcement accessing an individual's phone by pointing the device at the user's face.[15] United States Senator Al Franken asked Apple to provide more information on the security and privacy of Face ID a day after the announcement,[16] with Apple responding by highlighting the recent publication of a security white paper and knowledge base detailing answers.[17][18]

The Verge noted that courts in the United States have granted different Fifth Amendment rights in the United States Constitution to biometric unlocking systems as opposed to keycodes. Keycodes are considered "testimonial" evidence based on the contents of users' thoughts, whereas fingerprints are considered physical evidence, with some suspects having been ordered to unlock their phones via fingerprint.[19]

Infiltration[edit]

Many people have attempted to break through Face ID with sophisticated masks, though most have failed.[20] In November 2017, Vietnamese security firm Bkav announced in a blog post that it had successfully created a $150 mask that tricked Face ID, though WIRED noted that Bkav’s technique was more of a "proof-of-concept" rather than active exploitation risk, with the technique requiring a detailed measurement or digital scan of the iPhone owner’s face, putting the real risk of danger only to targets of espionage and world leaders.[21][22]

Third-party developer access to facial maps[edit]

Reuters reported in early November 2017 that Apple would share certain facial data on users with third-party app developers for more precise selfie filters and for fictional game characters to mirror real-world user facial expressions. Although developers are required to seek customer permission, are not allowed to sell the data to others nor create profiles on users nor use the data for advertising, and are limited to a more "rough map" rather than full capabilities, they still get access to over 50 kinds of facial expressions. The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) and the Center for Democracy and Technology raised privacy questions about Apple’s enforcement of the privacy restrictions connected to third-party access, with Apple maintaining that its App Store review processes were effective safeguards. The "rough map" of facial data third-parties can access is also not enough to unlock the device, according to Reuters. However, the overall idea of letting developers access sensitive facial information was still not satisfactorily handled, according to Jay Stanley, a senior policy analyst with the ACLU, with Stanley telling Reuters that "the privacy issues around of the use of very sophisticated facial recognition technology for unlocking the phone have been overblown. … The real privacy issues have to do with the access by third-party developers".[23][24]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Savov, Vlad (September 12, 2017). "iPhone X announced with edge-to-edge screen, Face ID, and no home button". The Verge. Vox Media. Retrieved December 13, 2017. 
  2. ^ a b Tepper, Fitz (September 12, 2017). "Face ID is replacing Touch ID on the new iPhone X". TechCrunch. Oath Inc. Retrieved December 13, 2017. 
  3. ^ Kubota, Yoko (September 27, 2017). "Apple iPhone X Production Woe Sparked by Juliet and Her Romeo". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on September 28, 2017. Retrieved September 27, 2017. 
  4. ^ a b c Brandom, Russell (September 12, 2017). "The five biggest questions about Apple's new facial recognition system". The Verge. Vox Media. Archived from the original on November 15, 2017. Retrieved November 9, 2017. 
  5. ^ Ng, Alfred (September 27, 2017). "Is Face ID secure? Apple takes on lingering questions". CNET. CBS Interactive. Archived from the original on October 2, 2017. Retrieved November 9, 2017. 
  6. ^ Warren, Tom (October 25, 2017). "Apple's Face ID struggles detailed in new iPhone X report". The Verge. Vox Media. Retrieved December 13, 2017. 
  7. ^ Panzarino, Matthew (September 15, 2017). "Interview: Apple's Craig Federighi answers some burning questions about Face ID". TechCrunch. Oath Inc. Retrieved December 13, 2017. 
  8. ^ a b Clover, Juli (September 13, 2017). "Apple's New Face ID Biometric System Works in the Dark and When Your Face is Obscured by Hats and Beard". MacRumors. Retrieved December 13, 2017. 
  9. ^ Clover, Juli (September 14, 2017). "Apple's Face ID Feature Works With Most Sunglasses, Can Be Quickly Disabled to Thwart Thieves". MacRumors. Retrieved December 13, 2017. 
  10. ^ Heisler, Yoni (November 3, 2017). "Infrared video shows off the iPhone X's new Face ID feature in action". BGR. Penske Media Corporation. Retrieved December 19, 2017. 
  11. ^ Ocbazghi, Emmanuel (October 31, 2017). "We put the iPhone X's Face ID to the ultimate test with identical twins — and the results surprised us". Business Insider. Axel Springer SE. Retrieved December 4, 2017. 
  12. ^ Ulanoff, Lance (October 31, 2017). "The iPhone X can't tell the difference between identical twins". Mashable. Retrieved December 4, 2017. 
  13. ^ Deahl, Dani (November 14, 2017). "This 10-year-old was able to unlock his mom's iPhone using Face ID". The Verge. Vox Media. Retrieved December 13, 2017. 
  14. ^ Hall, Zac (September 27, 2017). "Apple explains how iPhone X facial recognition with Face ID works (and fails) in security paper". 9to5Mac. Retrieved December 13, 2017. 
  15. ^ Kircher, Madison Malone (September 12, 2017). "Yes, You Can Unlock the New iPhone With Your Face. Here's How It Works". Select All. New York. Archived from the original on October 13, 2017. Retrieved November 9, 2017. 
  16. ^ Romm, Tony (September 13, 2017). "Apple is facing questions from the U.S. Senate on the privacy protections in iPhone X and Face ID". Recode. Vox Media. Archived from the original on November 10, 2017. Retrieved November 9, 2017. 
  17. ^ Lomas, Natasha (October 17, 2017). "Apple responds to Senator Franken's Face ID privacy concerns". TechCrunch. Oath Inc. Archived from the original on November 9, 2017. Retrieved November 9, 2017. 
  18. ^ Shah, Saqib (October 18, 2017). "Apple responds to Sen. Al Franken's Face ID concerns in letter". Engadget. Oath Inc. Archived from the original on November 10, 2017. Retrieved November 9, 2017. 
  19. ^ Robertson, Adi (September 12, 2017). "Why Face ID won't give you the legal protection of a passcode". The Verge. Vox Media. Retrieved December 4, 2017. 
  20. ^ Greenberg, Andy (November 3, 2017). "We tried really hard to beat Face ID - and failed (so far)". Wired. Condé Nast. Retrieved December 4, 2017. 
  21. ^ Greenberg, Andy (November 12, 2017). "Hackers say they've broken Face ID a week after iPhone X release". Wired. Condé Nast. Retrieved December 4, 2017. 
  22. ^ Ong, Thuy (November 13, 2017). "This $150 mask beat Face ID on the iPhone X". The Verge. Vox Media. Retrieved December 4, 2017. 
  23. ^ Nellis, Stephen (November 2, 2017). "App developer access to iPhone X face data spooks some privacy experts". Reuters. Thomson Reuters. Retrieved December 4, 2017. 
  24. ^ Statt, Nick (November 2, 2017). "Apple will share face mapping data from the iPhone X with third-party app developers". The Verge. Vox Media. Retrieved December 4, 2017. 

External links[edit]

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