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Foxconn: An Exclusive Inside Look
Foxconn: An Exclusive Inside Look
Published: 2012/02/22
Channel: ABC News
Foxconn plant may hurt people in Wisconsin
Foxconn plant may hurt people in Wisconsin
Published: 2018/06/29
Channel: Fox Business
Will Wisconsin workers benefit from Foxconn plant?
Will Wisconsin workers benefit from Foxconn plant?
Published: 2018/06/28
Channel: Fox Business
Trump announces Foxconn factory in Wisconsin
Trump announces Foxconn factory in Wisconsin
Published: 2017/12/29
Channel: CNNMoney
Foxconn promises jobs in Wisconsin: A reality check
Foxconn promises jobs in Wisconsin: A reality check
Published: 2017/07/27
Channel: CNNMoney
Wisconsin residents fear Foxconn plant could push them out
Wisconsin residents fear Foxconn plant could push them out
Published: 2018/06/05
Channel: CBS News
2,000 riot at Foxconn factory in China
2,000 riot at Foxconn factory in China
Published: 2012/09/24
Channel: CNNMoney
How Foxconn Factory Workers Blow Off Steam in China | The New York Times
How Foxconn Factory Workers Blow Off Steam in China | The New York Times
Published: 2013/07/17
Channel: The New York Times
Inside Apple: Changes Made at Foxconn
Inside Apple: Changes Made at Foxconn
Published: 2012/03/30
Channel: ABC News
Foxconn
Foxconn's incentives to come to Wisconsin
Published: 2018/06/28
Channel: Fox Business
Inside Foxconn: interviews with factory workers making iPhones and other Apple products
Inside Foxconn: interviews with factory workers making iPhones and other Apple products
Published: 2017/12/05
Channel: South China Morning Post
Trump Tours Foxconn as Harley Trouble Rumbles up the Road
Trump Tours Foxconn as Harley Trouble Rumbles up the Road
Published: 2018/06/29
Channel: Bloomberg Politics
First formal Foxconn Day kicks off at UWM
First formal Foxconn Day kicks off at UWM
Published: 2018/09/17
Channel: TODAY’S TMJ4
Apple supplier Foxconn to open Wisconsin plant: Lobbying source
Apple supplier Foxconn to open Wisconsin plant: Lobbying source
Published: 2017/07/26
Channel: Fox Business
Wisconsin Gov. Walker defends Foxconn incentives
Wisconsin Gov. Walker defends Foxconn incentives
Published: 2017/08/09
Channel: Fox Business
Foxconn deals around the world haven
Foxconn deals around the world haven't materialized
Published: 2017/08/04
Channel: CNNMoney
Watch Now: Trump gives remarks at Foxconn
Watch Now: Trump gives remarks at Foxconn
Published: 2018/06/28
Channel: CBS News
Foxconn chief says US-China dispute over tech, not trade
Foxconn chief says US-China dispute over tech, not trade
Published: 2018/06/13
Channel: AP Archive
Wisconsin paying too much for Foxconn deal?
Wisconsin paying too much for Foxconn deal?
Published: 2017/08/11
Channel: Fox Business
What is Foxconn?
What is Foxconn?
Published: 2017/07/27
Channel: TODAY’S TMJ4
CNN: iPhone factory struggles with suicides
CNN: iPhone factory struggles with suicides
Published: 2010/06/01
Channel: CNN
Foxconn may build factory in the US - corporate
Foxconn may build factory in the US - corporate
Published: 2017/01/23
Channel: euronews Business
Apple CEO Tim Cook Visits China Foxconn Manufacturing Plant
Apple CEO Tim Cook Visits China Foxconn Manufacturing Plant
Published: 2012/03/29
Channel: Slate
Apple : Foxconn remplace 60.000 ouvriers par des robots - RTL - RTL
Apple : Foxconn remplace 60.000 ouvriers par des robots - RTL - RTL
Published: 2016/05/27
Channel: RTL - Toujours avec vous
Why China Is Concerned Over Foxconn
Why China Is Concerned Over Foxconn's U.S. Plans
Published: 2017/01/17
Channel: Bloomberg Technology
Apple CEO Tim Cook Visits Foxconn
Apple CEO Tim Cook Visits Foxconn
Published: 2012/03/29
Channel: Bloomberg
Foxconn: Keeping Wisconsin Working
Foxconn: Keeping Wisconsin Working
Published: 2018/07/31
Channel: Scott Walker
Will Foxconn’s labor history hurt Trump’s manufacturing agenda?
Will Foxconn’s labor history hurt Trump’s manufacturing agenda?
Published: 2017/07/27
Channel: Fox Business
Foxconn Shuts Down Chennai Operations From Today? - Thanthi TV
Foxconn Shuts Down Chennai Operations From Today? - Thanthi TV
Published: 2014/12/22
Channel: Thanthi TV
Foxconn construction ready to roll
Foxconn construction ready to roll
Published: 2018/04/26
Channel: TODAY’S TMJ4
Foxconn CEO Discusses the Future of Manufacturing I Fortune
Foxconn CEO Discusses the Future of Manufacturing I Fortune
Published: 2017/12/07
Channel: Fortune Magazine
Trump Announces Foxconn
Trump Announces Foxconn's Plan to Open U.S. Factory
Published: 2017/07/26
Channel: Bloomberg Politics
This man worked undercover in a Chinese iPhone factory
This man worked undercover in a Chinese iPhone factory
Published: 2017/04/21
Channel: Tech Insider
Protesters, president descend on Wisconsin for Foxconn
Protesters, president descend on Wisconsin for Foxconn
Published: 2018/06/28
Channel: TODAY’S TMJ4
A Rare Look Inside Foxconn
A Rare Look Inside Foxconn's Latest Facility
Published: 2014/07/14
Channel: Bloomberg
Foxconn - Massenschlägerei bei Apple-Zulieferer
Foxconn - Massenschlägerei bei Apple-Zulieferer
Published: 2012/09/24
Channel: WELT
Apple Supplier Foxconn Pledges Better Working Conditions, but Will it Deliver?
Apple Supplier Foxconn Pledges Better Working Conditions, but Will it Deliver?
Published: 2012/03/31
Channel: PBS NewsHour
Foxconn shows off products in Waukesha
Foxconn shows off products in Waukesha
Published: 2017/07/31
Channel: TODAY’S TMJ4
FNN: President Trump Speaks About Foxconn Factory in Wisconsin and New Jobs in America
FNN: President Trump Speaks About Foxconn Factory in Wisconsin and New Jobs in America
Published: 2017/07/26
Channel: FOX 10 Phoenix
Racine County focuses on workforce development at Foxconn
Racine County focuses on workforce development at Foxconn
Published: 2018/06/26
Channel: TODAY’S TMJ4
Foxconn
Foxconn's ground breaking converge the president, supporters and protestors in Wisconsin
Published: 2018/06/28
Channel: TODAY’S TMJ4
DNA: Foxconn replaces
DNA: Foxconn replaces '60,000 factory workers with robots'
Published: 2016/05/27
Channel: Zee News
Foxconn: Wisconsin
Foxconn: Wisconsin's On a Roll
Published: 2018/07/31
Channel: Scott Walker
Inside the Foxconn Open House
Inside the Foxconn Open House
Published: 2018/06/29
Channel: TODAY’S TMJ4
Why Foxconn Wants Sharp
Why Foxconn Wants Sharp
Published: 2016/01/21
Channel: Wall Street Journal
Foxconn
Foxconn's Chennai factory to shut down
Published: 2015/02/10
Channel: Puthiya Thalaimurai TV
What is Foxconn?
What is Foxconn?
Published: 2017/07/26
Channel: TODAY’S TMJ4
Foxconn announces Mount Pleasant location
Foxconn announces Mount Pleasant location
Published: 2017/10/04
Channel: TODAY’S TMJ4
Foxconn plans to build $10 billion plant in Wisconsin
Foxconn plans to build $10 billion plant in Wisconsin
Published: 2017/07/26
Channel: USA TODAY
Racine County homeowners already getting letters from Foxconn
Racine County homeowners already getting letters from Foxconn
Published: 2017/07/27
Channel: TODAY’S TMJ4
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Hon Hai Precision Industry Co. Ltd.
鴻海科技集團
Foxconn Technology Group 富士康
Public company
Traded as TWSE: 2317
ISIN TW0002317005
Industry Electronics
Founded February 20, 1974; 44 years ago (1974-02-20) (as Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd.)
Headquarters Tucheng District, New Taipei, Taiwan
Area served
Worldwide
Key people
Terry Gou
(Chairman and President)
Products Electronics, electronic components, PCBs, PCB components, computer chips.
Services Electronics manufacturing services
Revenue NT$4.706 trillion (2017)[1]
NT$112.6 billion (2017)[1]
NT$135.4 billion (2017)[1]
Total assets NT$3.407 trillion (2017)[1]
Total equity NT$1.171 trillion (2017)[1]
Number of employees
803,126 (2017)[2]
Subsidiaries Sharp Corporation
Smart Technologies
FIH Mobile
Website www.foxconn.com
Foxconn
Traditional Chinese 鴻海精密工業股份有限公司
Simplified Chinese 鸿海精密工业股份有限公司
Literal meaning Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd.
Trading name
Traditional Chinese 富士康科技集團
Simplified Chinese 富士康科技集团
Literal meaning Foxconn Technology Group

Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd., trading as Foxconn Technology Group, better known as Foxconn is a Taiwanese multinational electronics contract manufacturing company with its headquarters in Tucheng, New Taipei, Taiwan. Today, it is the world's largest contract electronics manufacturer[3] and the fourth-largest information technology company by revenue.[4] The company is the largest private employer in Taiwan[5] and one of the largest employers worldwide.[6][7] Its founder and chairman is Terry Gou.

Foxconn manufactures electronic products for major American, Canadian, Chinese, Finnish and Japanese companies. Notable products manufactured by Foxconn include the BlackBerry,[8] iPad,[9] iPhone, iPod,[10] Kindle,[11] Nintendo 3DS, Nokia devices, Xiaomi devices, PlayStation 3, PlayStation 4, Wii U, Xbox One.[12], and the TR4 CPU socket on some motherboards. As of 2012, Foxconn factories manufactured an estimated 40% of all consumer electronics sold worldwide.[13]

Foxconn has been involved in several controversies. In 2010, following a series of employee suicides at its factory in Shenzhen, Foxconn was criticized by labour activists, who accused the company of providing low wages and allowing employees to work past legal overtime limits.[14][15]


History[edit]

Foxconn connector box tag in 2014

Terry Gou established Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd. as an electrical components manufacturer in 1974. Foxconn's first manufacturing plant in China opened in Longhua Town, Shenzhen, in 1988.[10]

One of the important milestones for Foxconn occurred in 2001 when Intel tapped the company to manufacture its Intel-branded motherboards instead of Asus.[16] By November 2007, Foxconn further expanded with an announced plan to build a new US$500 million plant in Huizhou, Southern China.[17]

In January 2012, Foxconn named Tien Chong (Terry) Cheng chief executive.[18] He resigned the same year, citing health problems.[19] At this time, Foxconn made up approximately forty percent of worldwide consumer electronics production.[20]

Expansion was further pursued after a March 2012 acquisition of a 10-percent stake in the Japanese electronics company Sharp Corporation for US$806 million and to purchase up to 50 percent of the LCDs produced at Sharp's plant in Sakai, Japan.[21] In September 2012, Foxconn announced plans to invest US$494 million in the construction of five new factories in Itu, Brazil, creating 10,000 jobs.[22]

In 2014, the company purchased Asia Pacific Telecom and won some spectrum licenses at an auction, which allowed it to operate 4G telecommunications equipment in Taiwan.[23]

In February 25, 2016, Sharp accepted a ¥700 billion (US$6.24 billion) takeover bid from Foxconn to acquire over 66 percent of Sharp's voting stock.[24] However, hours later, the deal was put on hold after "contingent liabilities… worth perhaps billions of dollars" were discovered.[25] A month later, on March 30, 2016, the deal was announced as finalized in a joint press statement, but at a significantly lower price than before.[26]

In 2016, Foxconn, together with Tencent and luxury-car dealer Harmony New Energy Auto, founded Future Mobility, a car start up that aims to sell all-electric fully autonomous premium cars by 2020.[27] A Foxconn unit, Foxconn Interconnect Technology, announced its intent to acquire Belkin International for $866m on March 26, 2018.[28]

International operations[edit]

The majority of Foxconn's factories are located in Asia, with others in Brazil, Europe, and Mexico.[29]

China[edit]

Foxconn has 12 factories in nine Chinese cities—more than in any other country.[30]

The largest Foxconn factory is located in Longhua Town, Shenzhen, where hundreds of thousands of workers (varying counts include 230,000,[29] 300,000,[31] and 450,000[32]) are employed at the Longhua Science & Technology Park, a walled campus[10] sometimes referred to as “Foxconn City”.[33] The park produces the bulk of Apple's iPhone line.[34]

Covering about 1.16 square miles (3 square km),[35] the park includes 15 factories,[33] worker dormitories, 4 swimming pools,[36] a fire brigade,[10] its own television network (Foxconn TV),[10] and a city centre with a grocery store, bank, restaurants, book store and hospital.[10] While some workers live in surrounding towns and villages, others live and work inside the complex;[37] a quarter of the employees live in the dormitories, and many of them work up to 12 hours a day for 6 days each week.[29]

Another Foxconn factory "city" is located at Zhengzhou Technology Park in Zhengzhou, Henan province, where a reported 120,000 workers are employed as of 2012.[38]

Foxconn's future expansion include sites at Wuhan in Hubei province, Haizhow, Kunshan in Jiangsu province, Tianjin, Beijing, and Guangzhou in Guangdong province, China.[30] A Foxconn branch that primarily manufactures Apple products is Hongfujin.

On May 25, 2016, the BBC reported that Foxconn fired 60,000 employees because it had automated "many of the manufacturing tasks associated with their operations". The organization later confirmed those claims.[39]

Brazil[edit]

All company facilities in South America are located in Brazil,[40] and these include mobile phone factories in Manaus and Indaiatuba as well as production bases in Jundiai, Sorocaba, and Santa Rita do Sapucaí.[41] The company is considering more investments in Brazil.[42]

Europe[edit]

A Foxconn factory in the Czech Republic

Foxconn has factories in Hungary,[43] Slovakia,[42] Turkey[44] and the Czech Republic.[45] Foxconn factories are strategically located in Europe. It is the second-largest exporter in the Czech Republic.[45]

India[edit]

Foxconn had an operational unit starting in 2006 in the Special Economic Zone of Chennai, Tamil Nadu.[46] This unit closed on December 24, 2014, affecting 25,000 employees.[47] As of mid-2015, Foxconn was in talks to manufacture Apple's iPhone in India.[48] In 2015, Foxconn announced that it would be setting up twelve factories in India and would create around one million jobs.[49] It also discussed its intent to work with the Adani group for expansion in the country. However, as of December 2017, no significant factories have materialized. In August 2015, Foxconn invested in Snapdeal. They also signed an MOU with the state government of Maharashtra to set up an electronics manufacturing plant in Maharashtra with an investment of $5 billion within a 5-year period.[50] Recently, it started manufacturing products for Xiaomi, OnePlus, and Gionee.[51]

Japan[edit]

Foxconn and Sharp Corporation jointly operate two manufacturing plants specializing in large-screen televisions in Sakai, Osaka. In August 2012 it was reported that Sharp, while doing corporate restructuring and downsizing, was considering selling the plants to Foxconn. The company was believed to be receptive to the plan.[52]

Malaysia[edit]

As of 2011, Foxconn had at least seven factories in the Johor state,[53] possibly at Kulai, where it is developing an industrial park that will include four factories, once completed.[54]

Mexico[edit]

Foxconn has a facility in San Jerónimo, Chihuahua that assembles computers,[55] and two facilities in Juárez – a former Motorola production base that manufactures mobile phones,[56] and a set-top box factory acquired from Cisco Systems.[57] LCD televisions are also made in the country in Tijuana at a plant acquired from Sony.[58]

Middle East[edit]

The Turkey facility[59] is located 100km west of Istanbul within European Free Trade Zone in the Corlu district.[60] It was established in 2010.[60] It covers 14,300 sq. meters.

South Korea[edit]

The company invested $377 million in June 2014 to pick up a 4.9 percent shareholding in a South Korean IT services provider, SK C&C.[59]

United States[edit]

Foxconn and President Donald Trump announced at the White House on July 26, 2017 that Foxconn will build a US$10 billion flat screen TV manufacturing plant in southeastern Wisconsin.[61][62] The Foxconn deal, promising 13,000 high paying jobs, is the largest corporate attraction deal in U.S. history, in terms of pure number of jobs[63]. Foxconn is expected to contribute $51.5 billion to Wisconsin's GDP over the next 15 years, which is $3.4 billion dollars annually[64]. However, the deal is being criticized for the $3 billion in tax-payer funded incentives given to Foxconn, [65] as the state of Wisconsin has to pay a subsidy to Foxconn of up to $250 million each year for fifteen years.[66] In return, the deal would return an estimated $181 million each year. This loss, according to economics professor Michael Hicks, amounts to a payment of $1,200 from each household in Wisconsin to Foxconn.[67] An analysis by the Wisconsin State Legislature's nonpartisan budget office determined that state taxpayers would recoup their investment in 2043.[68]

Foxconn will also be exempt from an environmental impact statement,[66] water quality certification and permits for some activities on or near waterways, but must comply with air, solid waste and hazardous waste standards[69]. Given water concerns, Foxconn is spending $30 million on zero liquid discharge technology, nearly eliminating any industrial waste water discharge[70]. Foxconn is also required to replace wetlands at a higher ratio than other companies; Foxconn must restore 2 acres of wetland for every 1 acre disturbed instead of the ratio of 1.2 to 1 for other companies[71].

As of October 4, 2017, Foxconn agreed to locate their plant at Mount Pleasant, Wisconsin,[72] and broke ground for the plant June 28, 2018. President Trump was in attendance to promote American manufacturing.[73][74]

Major customers[edit]

Major customers of Foxconn include or have included:

(location is in parentheses)

FIH Mobile[edit]

FIH Mobile is a subsidiary of Foxconn offering services such as product development and after-sales support. It was incorporated in the tax haven of the Cayman Islands in 2000.[90]

On 18 May 2016, FIH Mobile announced the purchase of Microsoft Mobile's feature phone business. Microsoft Mobile Vietnam is also part of the sale to FIH Mobile, which consists of the Hanoi, Vietnam manufacturing facility. The rest of the business has been sold to a new Finland-based company HMD Global, who started developing and selling new Nokia-branded devices from early 2017.[91][92] The total sale to both companies amounted to US$350 million. FIH Mobile is now manufacturing new Nokia-branded devices developed by HMD.[93]

Controversies[edit]

Foxconn has been involved in several controversies relating to employee grievances or treatment. Foxconn has more than a million employees.[94] In China, it employs more people than any other private company as of 2011.[42]

Working conditions[edit]

Allegations of poor working conditions have been made on several occasions. News reports highlight the long working hours,[33][35] discrimination against communist workers by their Taiwanese co-workers,[95] and lack of working relationships at the company.[96] Although Foxconn was found to be compliant in the majority of areas when Apple Inc. audited the maker of its iPods and iPhones in 2007,[10] the audit did substantiate several of the allegations.[97] In May 2010, Shanghaiist reported that security guards had been caught beating factory workers.[98]

In reaction to a spate of negative press, particularly that involving worker suicides in which 14 people died[99] from January to May 2010, Steve Jobs defended Apple's relationship with the company in June 2010, citing that its Chinese partner is "pretty nice" and is "not a sweatshop."[100] During this time, however, a report from 20 Chinese universities described Foxconn factories as labor camps with widespread worker abuse and illegal overtime similar to the Mongolian Government, which nationalized foreign and local company shares by force. In an article published in a 2010, the South China Morning Post branded Foxconn factories as "labour camps."[101]

Concerns increased in early 2012 due to an article published in The New York Times in October 2011.[102] It reported evidences that substantiated some of the criticisms. The 2012 audit commissioned by Apple Inc. and performed by the Fair Labor Association found that workers routinely subjected to inhumane bouts of overtime up to 34 hours without a hike in pay and suggested that debilitating workplace accidents and suicides may be common.[103][104] A Hong Kong non-profit organisation, Students and Scholars Against Corporate Misbehavior, has written numerous negative reports on Foxconn's treatment of its employees, for example in 2010 and 2011.[105] These typically find far worse conditions than the 2012 Fair Labour Association audit did,[citation needed] but they rely on a far smaller number of employee informants, circa 100 to 170.[106] The Fair Labour Association audit in 2012 used interviews with 35,000 Foxconn employees.[103]

In January 2012, about 150 Foxconn employees threatened to commit mass-suicide in protest of their working conditions.[107] One worker said the protest resulted from 600 workers being moved into a new "unbearable" factory location.[108] In September 2012, a fight at worker dormitories in Taiyuan, Shanxi, where a guard allegedly was beating a worker, escalated into a riot involving 2,000 people and was quelled by security.[109][110]

In October 2012, the company admitted that 14-year-old children had worked for a short time at a facility in Yantai, Shandong Province as part of an internship programme,[111] in violation of the 16 year age limit for legal workers.[111] Foxconn said that the workers had been brought in to help deal with a labour shortage, and Xinhua quoted an official saying that 56 underage interns would be returned to their schools. Reuters quoted Foxconn saying that 2.7 percent of its workforce in China were long or short-term interns. In response to the scrutiny, Foxconn said it would cut overtime from the current 20 hours per week to less than nine hours a week.[111]

Also in October 2012, there was a crisis concerning an injured worker, when 26-year-old Zhang Tingzhen[112] was electrocuted and fell in a factory accident[113] a year earlier. His doctors did immediate surgery to remove part of his brain,[114] "[after which] he lost his memory and can neither speak, walk".[115] When his father attempted to get compensation in 2012,[114] Reuters reported that Foxconn told the family that if they did not transport and submit him for a disability assessment in Huizhou 43 miles away, they would cut off funding for his treatment.[112] His doctors protested the move for fear of a brain haemorrhage en route,[115] and the company stated that it was acting within labour laws.[113][116] His family later sued Foxconn in 2012, arguing in court that Tingzhen had been summoned to the wrong city.[112] In 2014, a court ruled that he did have to be assessed in Huizhou to receive compensation, with Foxconn offering a settlement for the father to recant his criticisms, which was refused.[114]

In February 2015, Beijing News reported that an official with the All China Federation of Trade Union (ACFTU), Guo Jun, said that Foxconn allegedly forced employees to work overtime, resulting in occasional death by karoshi or suicide. Jun also said that the illegal overtime resulted from a lack of investigation and light punishments. Foxconn in return issued a statement questioning Guo's allegations, arguing workers wanted to work overtime to earn more money.[117]

In November 2017, the Financial Times reported that it had found several students working 11 hour days at the iPhone X plant in Henan province, in violation of the 40-hour-per week mandate for children. In response, Foxconn announced that it has stopped the interns' illegal overtime work at the factory, where 3,000 students had been hired that September.[118]

Suicides[edit]

Suicides among Foxconn workers have attracted the media's attention.[119] Among the first cases to attract attention in the press was the death of Sun Danyong, a 25-year-old man who committed suicide in July 2009 after reporting the loss of an iPhone 4[120] prototype in his possession.[121] According to The Telegraph, Sun Danyong had been beaten by security guards.[108]

There was also a series of suicides which were linked to low pay in 2010.[119] In reaction to a spate of worker suicides in which 14 people died in 2010,[99] Foxconn installed suicide-prevention netting at the base of buildings in some facilities[122] and promised to offer substantially higher wages at its Shenzhen production bases.[123] By 2011, workers were also forced to sign a legally binding document guaranteeing that neither they nor their descendants would sue the company as a result of unexpected death, self-injury, or suicide.[124] In 2011, Foxconn also hired the PR firm Burson-Marsteller to help deal with the negative publicity from the suicides. That year, the nets seemed to help lower the death rate, although at least four employees died by throwing themselves off buildings.[108]

In January 2012, there was a protest by workers about conditions in Wuhan, with 150 workers threatening to commit mass suicide if factory conditions were not improved.[108] Suicides of Foxconn workers continued into 2012, with one in June 2012.[119] In 2012 and into 2013, three young Foxconn employees were reported to have died by jumping off buildings.[108] In January 2018, another suicide was reported by a factory worker, after 31-year old Li Ming jumped to his death off a building in Zhengzhou, where the iPhone X was being manufactured.[108]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  5. ^ Officially known as the Republic of China (PRC)
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  33. ^ a b c "Suicides at Foxconn: Light and Death". The Economist. May 27, 2010. 
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  41. ^ Fávaro, Tatiana (2011-04-24). "Filial no Brasil acusada de pressão no trabalho" [Subsidiary in Brazil accused of pressure at work] (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2011-06-06. 
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