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Dog rescued from the water / Hond uit water gered (het IJ, Amsterdam)
Dog rescued from the water / Hond uit water gered (het IJ, Amsterdam)
Published: 2017/11/05
Channel: BiO
Timelapse scheepvaartverkeer op het IJ in Amsterdam
Timelapse scheepvaartverkeer op het IJ in Amsterdam
Published: 2016/10/11
Channel: Port of Amsterdam
amsterdam stad aan het IJ trailer
amsterdam stad aan het IJ trailer
Published: 2012/03/06
Channel: Remy Vlek
Brouwerij
Brouwerij 't IJ (Amsterdam) • Tasty Tales
Published: 2017/07/18
Channel: Tasty Tales
Timelapse Amsterdam: Het IJ
Timelapse Amsterdam: Het IJ
Published: 2010/02/01
Channel: hetparool
Brouwerij
Brouwerij 't IJ Ijwit Witbier Dutch Craft Beer Review in Amsterdam, Netherlands - 4K UHD
Published: 2017/03/11
Channel: Tidwell Taste Tour
Seven Seas Explorer leaving Passenger Terminal Amsterdam / River IJ
Seven Seas Explorer leaving Passenger Terminal Amsterdam / River IJ
Published: 2018/07/18
Channel: taxi1108
Amsterdam  Terug aan het IJ
Amsterdam Terug aan het IJ
Published: 2016/05/31
Channel: Stadsarchief Amsterdam
1967: Bouw IJ-tunnel te Amsterdam - oude filmbeelden
1967: Bouw IJ-tunnel te Amsterdam - oude filmbeelden
Published: 2017/10/14
Channel: Amsterdam - Verzamelde Historische Filmbeelden
Brouwerij
Brouwerij 't IJ Zatte Tripel Ale Beer Review - Amsterdam, Netherlands in 4K UHD
Published: 2017/02/15
Channel: Tidwell Taste Tour
Amsterdam: Eye Filmmuseum At The Ij
Amsterdam: Eye Filmmuseum At The Ij
Published: 2014/05/05
Channel: arcTourLIVE
Bootjes op het ij. Amsterdam. Boats at the port of Amsterdam.
Bootjes op het ij. Amsterdam. Boats at the port of Amsterdam.
Published: 2013/07/14
Channel: Promokum Media
Beer Nation BeerCam - Brewery
Beer Nation BeerCam - Brewery 't IJ in Amsterdam
Published: 2009/12/07
Channel: BeerNationShow
Amsterdam 2: promy, metro, rowery / ferries, metro, bikes
Amsterdam 2: promy, metro, rowery / ferries, metro, bikes
Published: 2018/07/21
Channel: Niskopodłogowiec
Boating in Amsterdam on the canals. river IJ, river Amstel, Nieuwendammersluis and more
Boating in Amsterdam on the canals. river IJ, river Amstel, Nieuwendammersluis and more
Published: 2017/06/21
Channel: taxi1108
Amsterdam Ferry crossing the IJ river
Amsterdam Ferry crossing the IJ river
Published: 2018/04/13
Channel: Eray Video
Tangomarathon Muziekgebouw aan het IJ Amsterdam 2013
Tangomarathon Muziekgebouw aan het IJ Amsterdam 2013
Published: 2013/07/15
Channel: taxi1108
1945-1961: De NDSM werf, honderd schepen in het IJ - oude filmbeelden
1945-1961: De NDSM werf, honderd schepen in het IJ - oude filmbeelden
Published: 2017/11/19
Channel: Amsterdam - Verzamelde Historische Filmbeelden
Historisch Amsterdam 01 ♫🎧😊- Het IJ, IJtunnel en de Pont
Historisch Amsterdam 01 ♫🎧😊- Het IJ, IJtunnel en de Pont
Published: 2017/03/31
Channel: JakeX501
30053 Haring in
30053 Haring in 't IJ - Amsterdam 2010 - lokale omroep AT5
Published: 2010/05/29
Channel: OLONederland
Zeeburgertunnel A10 Buiten-IJ Amsterdam
Zeeburgertunnel A10 Buiten-IJ Amsterdam
Published: 2015/07/25
Channel: Aerial Drone Horizon
IJ Amsterdam
IJ Amsterdam
Published: 2009/05/21
Channel: Marc Kruse
Het Boothuisje op
Het Boothuisje op 't IJ in Amsterdam
Published: 2016/08/17
Channel: taxi1108
Stadsgezichten Ij Amsterdam
Stadsgezichten Ij Amsterdam
Published: 2017/05/19
Channel: Franz Immoos
Oranjesluizen Amsterdam: Grens tussen Binnen- en Buiten IJ.
Oranjesluizen Amsterdam: Grens tussen Binnen- en Buiten IJ.
Published: 2015/08/03
Channel: taxi1108
Explore Amsterdam neighbourhood Noordelijke IJ-oever
Explore Amsterdam neighbourhood Noordelijke IJ-oever
Published: 2016/07/26
Channel: I amsterdam
Vissen op het IJ in Amsterdam
Vissen op het IJ in Amsterdam
Published: 2015/03/08
Channel: taxi1108
Ferry from Amsterdam Central Station to NDSM wharf
Ferry from Amsterdam Central Station to NDSM wharf
Published: 2013/05/02
Channel: Anton Hein-Hudson
Afl 27: Een vreemde vogel aan het IJ, ofwel: VET Amsterdam en het pinguïnmysterie!
Afl 27: Een vreemde vogel aan het IJ, ofwel: VET Amsterdam en het pinguïnmysterie!
Published: 2018/04/01
Channel: VET Amsterdam
Fietspad IJ-zijde Amsterdam Centraal Station
Fietspad IJ-zijde Amsterdam Centraal Station
Published: 2016/05/02
Channel: taxi1108
Windmill Brouwerij t IJ
Windmill Brouwerij t IJ
Published: 2017/06/17
Channel: How to Amsterdam
Drukte op
Drukte op 't IJ in Amsterdam vanwege vondst Zeemijn (03-02-2018)
Published: 2018/02/03
Channel: Collin Ernst
Pontenbrug over het IJ - 1945 - Amsterdam
Pontenbrug over het IJ - 1945 - Amsterdam
Published: 2015/04/02
Channel: 4en5meiamsterdam
I AMsterdam. Police control on the IJ Harbour.
I AMsterdam. Police control on the IJ Harbour.
Published: 2013/10/26
Channel: Promokum Media
Boating on the canals in Amsterdam :  o.a Prinsengracht, IJ en Singel
Boating on the canals in Amsterdam : o.a Prinsengracht, IJ en Singel
Published: 2017/07/14
Channel: taxi1108
ferry crossing river IJ in Amsterdam
ferry crossing river IJ in Amsterdam
Published: 2014/05/12
Channel: Fred Triep
IJ:Amsterdam
IJ:Amsterdam
Published: 2017/10/06
Channel: しげまつひろし
Beleef Amsterdam-Noord! - Historisch IJ-Veer
Beleef Amsterdam-Noord! - Historisch IJ-Veer
Published: 2010/08/04
Channel: noordinbeeld
IJ Amsterdam After Sunset (Canon 70D)
IJ Amsterdam After Sunset (Canon 70D)
Published: 2015/09/26
Channel: hamadah4
Boating in Amsterdam on the canals, river IJ and the Bosbaan,
Boating in Amsterdam on the canals, river IJ and the Bosbaan,
Published: 2016/09/22
Channel: taxi1108
Amsterdam met de pont over het IJ
Amsterdam met de pont over het IJ
Published: 2011/12/26
Channel: Verkeersbureaus.info
IJ Amsterdam
IJ Amsterdam
Published: 2015/05/14
Channel: Rail Public Transport
Muziekgebouw aan
Muziekgebouw aan 't IJ
Published: 2013/02/15
Channel: Yellowspot BV
Van de ijhallen met de pont naar Amsterdam centraal over het Ij
Van de ijhallen met de pont naar Amsterdam centraal over het Ij
Published: 2017/11/25
Channel: Jashda Rampersad
het IJ Amsterdam
het IJ Amsterdam
Published: 2007/08/27
Channel: xxxMarnixxx
IJ amsterdam
IJ amsterdam
Published: 2010/10/11
Channel: Bas Horsting
Mind Against @ Life and Death ADE 2013, Muziekgebouw aan
Mind Against @ Life and Death ADE 2013, Muziekgebouw aan 't IJ Amsterdam
Published: 2013/10/19
Channel: Lex Van Hernen
projection on cruise ship on Amsterdam
projection on cruise ship on Amsterdam's IJ waterfront
Published: 2013/08/28
Channel: Judith Quax
Marcus Eriksen is looking for microplastics in the ij-river Amsterdam
Marcus Eriksen is looking for microplastics in the ij-river Amsterdam
Published: 2014/05/28
Channel: Plastic Soup Foundation
Het IJ, Amsterdam 2009
Het IJ, Amsterdam 2009
Published: 2009/04/27
Channel: Rista Bosch
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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A ferry across the IJ in Amsterdam
View over the IJ towards the West: Central Station to the left, former Shell headquarters right of centre

The IJ (pronounced [ɛi̯]; sometimes shown on old maps as Y or Ye) is a body of water, formerly a bay, in the Dutch province of North Holland. It is known for being Amsterdam's waterfront. Its name is from an obsolete Dutch word meaning "water" (cognate with the dialectal English "ea"). The name consists of the digraph ij, which behaves like a single letter. Therefore both letters are capitalized; cf. IJmuiden.

Geography[edit]

Today, the IJ is divided into two parts:

  • To the west of the Oranjesluizen (Orange Locks), the Binnen-IJ (inner IJ), or Afgesloten-IJ (closed IJ), is directly connected to the North Sea Canal, where the port of IJmuiden and the North Sea can be reached.
  • To the east Oranjesluizen, the Buiten-IJ (outer IJ) is an extension of the IJmeer which is itself an extension of the Markermeer.

The IJ is connected to the North Sea to the west and the IJmeer to the east by a set of locks.

History[edit]

Map of 1681 showing on the right the extent of the IJ Bay prior to reclamation. Note the map is oriented so that west is at the top.

There are several theories about the origins of the IJ. Perhaps it began as a stream, following a breakthrough in the dunes of Castricum. More likely, the IJ is a remnant of a northern arm of the Rhine delta. Finally, the IJ could also come from the lake Almere or Flevo. During the Roman period the IJ connected on one side with lake Flevo and the Vecht (Utrecht) and the other with the North Sea. Connection with the North Sea has subsequently disappeared, while the IJ in the Middle Ages has expanded. This is due to the emergence of the Zuiderzee, itself a bay of the North Sea resulting from a number of storms.

At the end of the Middle Ages, the IJ was a long and narrow brackish bay that connected to the Zuiderzee and stretched from Amsterdam in the east to Velsen in the west. At its west end, only the natural dune ridge across the Dutch North Sea coast prevented the IJ, which grew ever larger through the centuries, from directly connecting to the North Sea and so making the North Holland peninsula nearly an island. By the seventeenth century, however, access to the IJ became difficult due to sand bars across its mouth, and ships becoming bigger, and it was nearly impossible for seafaring vessels to reach the city of Amsterdam. At the same time, the bay gnawed away at the surrounding farmlands, almost connecting with the Haarlemmermeer (Lake Haarlem) and seriously threatening the cities of Haarlem and Amsterdam.

Plans were put forth to reclaim both the Haarlemmermeer and the IJ and turn them into polders. The Haarlemmermeer was first, falling dry in 1852, and the largest part of the IJ followed suit between 1865 and 1876, with only a small lake remaining at Amsterdam that was closed off from the Zuiderzee by the Oranje locks. At the same time, the North Sea Canal was constructed in the former IJ basin to provide Amsterdam with access to the sea again and revive its ailing port. It cut through the isthmus to connect to the North Sea near the town of Velsen; a new port, IJmuiden ("IJ's mouth") was built at its west end. The east end of the IJ polders near Amsterdam was given over to industry, and a large new seaport area was constructed.

The Buiten-IJ hosted the mixed dinghy sailing events for the 1928 Summer Olympics in neighboring Amsterdam. It also hosted two events for the 1920 Summer Olympics in Antwerp.

Coordinates: 52°22′51″N 4°56′38″E / 52.38083°N 4.94389°E / 52.38083; 4.94389

References[edit]

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