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iOS 12
A version of the iOS operating system
IOS 12 logo.svg
IOS 12 Homescreen iPhone X.png
iOS 12 running on an iPhone X
DeveloperApple Inc.
Source modelClosed with open-source components
Initial releaseSeptember 17, 2018; 6 months ago (2018-09-17)
Latest release12.1.4[1] (16D57)[2] (February 7, 2019; 43 days ago (2019-02-07)) [±]
Latest preview12.2 Beta 6[3] (16E5227a)[4] (March 18, 2019; 4 days ago (2019-03-18)) [±]
Platforms
Kernel typeHybrid (XNU)
LicenseProprietary software with open-source components
Preceded byiOS 11
Official websitewww.apple.com/ios/ios-12/
Support status
Currently supported

iOS 12 is the twelfth and current major release of the iOS mobile operating system developed by Apple Inc., being the successor to iOS 11. It was announced at the company's Worldwide Developers Conference on June 4, 2018. It is similar in aesthetics to iOS 11 but contains numerous performance and battery life improvements and security updates, in addition to added functionalities within native applications. It was released to the public on September 17, 2018.[5]

History[edit]

Introduction and initial release[edit]

iOS 12 was introduced by Craig Federighi at the Apple Worldwide Developers Conference keynote address on June 4, 2018.[6] The first developer beta version was released after the keynote presentation,[7] with the first public beta releasing three weeks after on June 25, 2018.[8]

Updates[edit]

12.0.1[edit]

iOS 12.0.1 was released on October 8, 2018, as the first update to iOS 12.[9]

12.1[edit]

iOS 12.1 was released on October 30, 2018. The update included new emoji, the Group FaceTime feature, L3/R3 button support for MFi controllers, updates to the Measure app, and the ability to use an eSIM on the iPhone XS Max, iPhone XS, and iPhone XR. [10]

12.1.1[edit]

iOS 12.1.1 was released on December 5, 2018.

12.1.2[edit]

iOS 12.1.2 was released on December 17, 2018, and is an iPhone-only update. iPads and the 6th generation iPod touch continued to use iOS 12.1.1.

12.1.3[edit]

iOS 12.1.3 was released on January 22, 2019, and featured important bug fixes.

12.1.4[edit]

iOS 12.1.4 was released on February 7, 2019, and featured an important bug fix concerning Group FaceTime.[11]

System features[edit]

Performance[edit]

Performance optimizations were made in order to speed up common tasks across all supported iOS devices.[12] Tests done by Apple on an iPhone 6 Plus showed apps launching 40 percent faster, the system keyboard activating 50 percent faster, and the camera opening 70 percent faster.[13]

Screen Time[edit]

The Screen Time usage information screen in iOS 12 on iPhone X

Screen Time is a new feature in iOS 12 that records the amount of time a user spent on the device. The feature also displays the amount of time the user used particular apps,[14] the amount of time the user used particular categories of apps (such as games),[15] and the number of notifications the user received.[16]

Screen Time also provides blocking features to limit usage of apps (with time limits) or set other restrictions such as on purchases or explicit content. It replaces Parental Controls in the iOS Settings app, but can also be used by adults to limit their own usage. These features can be used with or without a passcode. Without setting a passcode, the limits can easily be bypassed but may serve as a useful reminder of usage goals.[17]

Shortcuts[edit]

A dedicated application in iOS 12 allows users to set up Shortcuts, automated actions that the user can ask Siri to perform.[15] It replaces the Workflow app[18] that Apple acquired in March 2017.[19][20]

ARKit 2[edit]

ARKit now allows users to share their view with other iOS 12-supported devices.[21] ARKit 2 additionally allows full 2D image tracking and incorporates the ability to detect 3D objects.[22]

CarPlay[edit]

CarPlay can now run third-party navigation applications.[15]

iPad[edit]

The Voice Memos and Stocks apps are now available for iPads.[23]

Control Center is separated from the app switcher on iPad and can be opened with a swipe down on the top right corner. In addition, iPhone X-style gestures are introduced across all iPads running iOS 12.[24]

Keyboard[edit]

In iOS 12, the trackpad mode (which allows the user to freely move the cursor) is enabled by long-pressing the space bar on devices without 3D Touch.[25]

App Switcher[edit]

For devices with gesture navigation and no home button (iPhone X and later), users can now force quit applications by swiping up from the bottom of the screen (without having to press and hold on them when in the app switcher).[26]

App features[edit]

Messages[edit]

Messages in iOS 12 introduces a new type of customizable Animoji called "Memoji" which allows a user to create a 3D character of themselves. Apple also introduced Koala, Tiger, Ghost and T-Rex Animojis.[27] In addition, Apple added new text and GIF effects similar to those found on other social media applications.

FaceTime[edit]

FaceTime gains support for Animoji and Memoji, as well as new text and GIF effects similar to those found on other social media applications and in the Messages application.[13]

iOS 12.1, released on October 30, 2018, adds the ability to include up to 32 people in a FaceTime conversation. This feature is only supported with video by devices with the Apple A8X or Apple A9 chip or later; it is only supported for audio on iPhone 5S, iPhone 6, and iPhone 6 Plus, and is not available at all on iPad Mini 2, iPad Mini 3, and iPad Air.[28] Group FaceTime was disabled on January 28, 2019 due to a software bug that allowed calls to be answered by the caller rather the recipient, allowing video and audio to transmitted unless the call was declined.[29] The functionality was restored on February 7, 2019 with the release of iOS 12.1.4. Group FaceTime remains disabled on devices running earlier versions of iOS 12. (It never was available on versions prior to iOS 12.)

Measure[edit]

Measure is a new native AR application that allows the user to take measurements. It also works as a level,[13] a feature that was originally packaged as part of the Compass app.[30]

Photos[edit]

Apple Photos has been completely redesigned with four new tabs, including "Photos", "For You", "Albums", and "Search". The new "For You" tab replaces the "Memories" tab previously found in iOS 11 and makes sharing recommendations, creates short length video collages, photo editing suggestions, as well as featured photos from a specific day.[13] While the "Photos" and "Albums" tabs received only a few cosmetic changes, the "Search" tab includes new Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning features which show the user photos by place and categories (e.g. animals, cars, objects).[31]

Notifications[edit]

Notifications are now grouped by application and have a "manage" button to turn off notifications for that app or to deliver them quietly right from the notification center without having to go into the Settings application.[32]

Do Not Disturb[edit]

Do Not Disturb now has a feature called "Do Not Disturb During Bedtime" to automatically send notifications to history, send calls to voicemail (can be changed to Favorites/Repeated calls) and has a darker screen to assist sleep.[32] However, if the user taps the screen (or when the user's wake time passes) notifications are shown.[15][32] When Do Not Disturb is turned on, a new notification will show saying that notifications and calls will be silenced when active.[citation needed]

Voice Memos and Stocks[edit]

The Voice Memos and Stocks apps are now on iPads. Voice Memos and Stocks have had a design refresh, and the latter has integrated Apple News.[33]

Apple Books[edit]

iBooks was renamed Apple Books, and the app was redesigned, with five new tabs, including "Reading Now", "Library", "Book Store", "Audio Books", and "Search".[34] The new app design is similar to that of Apple Music, and has been praised for its simplicity in allowing users to easily navigate their book library.[citation needed]

Safari[edit]

Safari receives an update to Intelligent Tracking Prevention. This includes a feature which allows the user to disable social media "like" and "share" buttons.[35]

Maps[edit]

Apple Maps has been rebuilt from the ground up by relying on first-party map data instead of using map data provided by third parties. This allows for more accurate directions and predictions on the fastest routes.[36]

Problems[edit]

"Hyphen" bug[edit]

If a user triggers Spotlight search and uses voice-to-text translation, then repeatedly says "hyphen", the iPhone will crash.[37]

Rainbow flag emoji[edit]

After a rainbow flag emoji with an interdictory sign over it appeared on Twitter, several users accused Apple of encouraging anti-LGBT attitudes. However, Emojipedia has clarified that this occurs when a user tweets the two emojis together and is not an intended feature. This can be used with other emojis as well.[38][39][40]

Supported devices[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Juli Clover (February 7, 2019). "iOS 12.1.4 Now Available With Group FaceTime Bug Fix". MacRumors. Retrieved February 7, 2019.
  2. ^ "iOS 12.1.4 (16D57) - Releases - Apple Developer". Apple Developer. Apple Inc. February 7, 2019. Retrieved February 7, 2019.
  3. ^ Juli Clover (March 18, 2019). "Apple Releases Sixth Developer Beta of iOS 12.2 [Update: Public Beta Available]". MacRumors. Retrieved March 18, 2019.
  4. ^ "iOS 12.2 beta 6 (16E5227a)) - Releases - Apple Developer". Apple Developer. March 18, 2019. Retrieved March 18, 2019.
  5. ^ "Apple Releases iOS 12 With Faster Performance, Memoji, Siri Shortcuts, Screen Time, Revamped Maps App, ARKit 2.0, and More". MacRumors. Retrieved 2018-09-17.
  6. ^ "Live From WWDC 2018: Coverage of Apple's Keynote with iOS 12, macOS 10.14, and More". Retrieved 2018-07-02.
  7. ^ "First Beta of iOS 12 Now Available for Registered Developers". Retrieved 2018-07-02.
  8. ^ "Apple Releases First Public Beta of iOS 12". Retrieved 2018-07-02.
  9. ^ Clover, Juli (October 8, 2018). "Apple Releasing iOS 12.0.1 With Fixes for Wi-Fi 2.4GHz Bug, Lightning Charging Issue". MacRumors. Retrieved November 18, 2018.
  10. ^ Cross, Jason (October 30, 2018). "iOS 12.1 is released, adding with Group FaceTime, new emoji, dual-SIM, and more". Macworld. Retrieved November 18, 2018.
  11. ^ Hall, Zac (2019-02-07). "Group FaceTime server restored following iOS 12.1.4 release, feature disabled on older versions". 9to5Mac. Retrieved 2019-03-14.
  12. ^ Cunningham, Andrew (September 17, 2018). "iOS 12 on the iPhone 5S, iPhone 6 Plus, and iPad Mini 2: It's actually faster!". Ars Technica. Condé Nast. Retrieved September 18, 2018.
  13. ^ a b c d "The 17 biggest new features coming to the iPhone with iOS 12". The Verge. Retrieved 4 June 2018.
  14. ^ "Screen Time for iPhone and iPad in iOS 12: Everything you need to know!". iMore. Retrieved 2018-10-09.
  15. ^ a b c d "Apple shows how iOS 12 will change your next iPhone". USA Today. Retrieved 4 June 2018.
  16. ^ "How to use Apple's new Screen Time and App Limits features in iOS 12". The Verge. Retrieved 2018-11-25.
  17. ^ Emery, Justin. "Review: Screen Time for iPhone / iPad (iOS 12)". mindful.technology. Retrieved 2018-12-01.
  18. ^ Warren, Tom (September 17, 2018). "Apple's Siri Shortcuts app now available for iOS 12". The Verge. Vox Media. Retrieved September 17, 2018.
  19. ^ Bohn, Dieter (March 22, 2017). "Apple bought the best utility app for the iPhone, Workflow". The Verge. Vox Media. Retrieved September 17, 2018.
  20. ^ "Apple's Siri Shortcuts app now available for iOS 12". The Verge. Retrieved 2018-12-01.
  21. ^ Kelly, Heather. "iOS 12 highlights: Memoji, tech addiction tool, group FaceTime". CNN Money.
  22. ^ "ARKit - Apple Developer". developer.apple.com. Retrieved 2018-07-09.
  23. ^ Thompson, Ashlee Clark (June 4, 2018). "Apple's Stocks, Voice Memo apps will be available for iPad, Mac".
  24. ^ Zibreg, Christian (June 5, 2018). "New iPad Gestures in iOS 12".
  25. ^ Mayo, Benjamin (2018-09-17). "How to use keyboard trackpad mode on every iPhone and iPad with iOS 12". 9to5Mac. Retrieved 2018-12-20.
  26. ^ Miller, Chance (2018-06-05). "iOS 12 makes closing applications on the iPhone X much easier". 9to5Mac. Retrieved 2019-03-14.
  27. ^ Dolcourt, Jessica (4 June 2018). "iOS 12: Siri shortcuts, group FaceTime and 'Memoji' Animoji of you". CNET.
  28. ^ "Apple Releases iOS 12.1 With eSIM Support, Real-Time Depth Control, Group FaceTime, New Emoji and More". MacRumors. October 30, 2018.
  29. ^ Warren, Tom (January 29, 2019). "Apple disables Group FaceTime following major security flaw". The Verge.
  30. ^ Symons, Mick (September 1, 2016). "How to use the Compass on iPhone". iMore. Retrieved 2019-03-11. How do you find your direction and level surfaces using your iPhone? With the built-in Compass app!
  31. ^ Snell, Jason (September 17, 2018). "iOS 12 adds powerful search to Photos". Six Colors. Retrieved 2019-03-11.
  32. ^ a b c "How Do Not Disturb and Notifications will change in iOS 12". iMore. Retrieved 2018-06-11.
  33. ^ "Apple's Stocks, Voice Memo apps will be available for iPad, Mac". CNET. 2018-06-04. Retrieved 2018-06-07.
  34. ^ "iBooks gets a redesign and new Apple Books branding in iOS 12". The Verge. Retrieved 2018-06-23.
  35. ^ Keizer, Gregg. "Apple pushes privacy theme in Safari for iOS 12, 'Mojave'". Computerworld. Retrieved 2018-06-23.
  36. ^ "Apple is rebuilding Maps from the ground up". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2018-08-13.
  37. ^ Say this to crash an iPhone instantly. YouTube. 13 February 2019. Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  38. ^ Young, Sarah (20 February 2019). "'Anti-LGBT' emoji sparks outrage on Twitter". Retrieved 20 February 2019.
  39. ^ Guthrie Weisman, Cale (20 February 2019). "No, there's not a new anti-LGBT emoji". Fast Company. Retrieved 20 February 2019.
  40. ^ Dalbey, Alex (20 February 2019). "The truth behind the anti-LGBTQ emoji controversy". The Daily Dot. Retrieved 20 February 2019.
  41. ^ Keizer, Gregg (June 19, 2018). "Which iPhones, iPads support Apple's iOS 12?". Computerworld. Retrieved March 11, 2019.

External links[edit]

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