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Cable Fight: USB Type-C vs Apple Lightning Connector
Cable Fight: USB Type-C vs Apple Lightning Connector
Published: 2016/01/13
Channel: JuanBagnell
24 Hours With the Apple iPhone 7: Lightning Connector Headphone Quality
24 Hours With the Apple iPhone 7: Lightning Connector Headphone Quality
Published: 2016/09/18
Channel: Pocketnow
iPhone 7 Lightning Connector Replacement- How To
iPhone 7 Lightning Connector Replacement- How To
Published: 2017/08/15
Channel: iFixit Video
Apple EarPods Lightning Connector Unboxing (*not* AirPods Unboxing)
Apple EarPods Lightning Connector Unboxing (*not* AirPods Unboxing)
Published: 2016/09/16
Channel: Brian Fagioli
Lightning Cable - Worth The Change?
Lightning Cable - Worth The Change?
Published: 2012/09/25
Channel: zollotech
iPhone 5 Lightning Connector Review and Speed Test
iPhone 5 Lightning Connector Review and Speed Test
Published: 2012/09/22
Channel: iCrackUriDevice
Apple iPad Lightning to USB Camera Adapter & SD Card Reader: Demo (Camera Connection Kit)
Apple iPad Lightning to USB Camera Adapter & SD Card Reader: Demo (Camera Connection Kit)
Published: 2012/11/07
Channel: DetroitBORG
Unboxing: beats Urbeats3 In-Ear with Lightning Connector
Unboxing: beats Urbeats3 In-Ear with Lightning Connector
Published: 2018/04/01
Channel: Hi-Fi Insider
Review: Apple Lightning Connector
Review: Apple Lightning Connector
Published: 2012/09/22
Channel: Matt Gonzalez
The Best Lightning Headphones
The Best Lightning Headphones
Published: 2017/03/05
Channel: The Zunigas
How To Fix: iPhone 6 & 7 Not Charging Properly - Loose Connection
How To Fix: iPhone 6 & 7 Not Charging Properly - Loose Connection
Published: 2016/04/21
Channel: Living The Dream
3 Must-Have Adapters For iPhone 7
3 Must-Have Adapters For iPhone 7
Published: 2016/10/12
Channel: Beau HD
Why Apple Chose The Lightning Connector
Why Apple Chose The Lightning Connector
Published: 2018/01/13
Channel: BeamtUp Tech
Simple Apple Lightning Connector Repair.
Simple Apple Lightning Connector Repair.
Published: 2012/12/20
Channel: Matthew Moore
Apple iPhone 7 with Lightning audio, headphones, mini-jack adapter
Apple iPhone 7 with Lightning audio, headphones, mini-jack adapter
Published: 2016/09/17
Channel: AppleInsider
iPhone 6s Lightning Connector and Headphone Jack Replacement - RepairsUniverse
iPhone 6s Lightning Connector and Headphone Jack Replacement - RepairsUniverse
Published: 2016/02/14
Channel: Repairs Universe
Dual Lightning Port Mod
Dual Lightning Port Mod
Published: 2016/10/09
Channel: TechSmartt
The truth inside lightning cable original - XFix
The truth inside lightning cable original - XFix
Published: 2016/09/02
Channel: XFix
How to Clean an iPhone Charging Port
How to Clean an iPhone Charging Port
Published: 2016/03/01
Channel: Go Cell Phone Repair
Noise Cancelling iPhone Earbuds with Lightning Connector by Nasudake Review
Noise Cancelling iPhone Earbuds with Lightning Connector by Nasudake Review
Published: 2018/07/02
Channel: Peter von Panda
IPHONE 8+ APPLE EARBUDS/EARPODS WIRED ( WITH NEW LIGHTNING CONNECTOR) REVIEW
IPHONE 8+ APPLE EARBUDS/EARPODS WIRED ( WITH NEW LIGHTNING CONNECTOR) REVIEW
Published: 2017/11/30
Channel: GORILLA BEAR TECH
Lightning cable to 3.5mm jack and Lightning charging port for iPhone 7 by ATOOL review
Lightning cable to 3.5mm jack and Lightning charging port for iPhone 7 by ATOOL review
Published: 2016/11/16
Channel: Peter von Panda
How to fix iPhone 5s Charging Port in 5 minutes
How to fix iPhone 5s Charging Port in 5 minutes
Published: 2014/11/17
Channel: JerryRigEverything
RØDE iXY Microphone (Lightning Connector) Review
RØDE iXY Microphone (Lightning Connector) Review
Published: 2014/08/26
Channel: Justin Tse
mophie powerstation plus with Apple Lightning connector
mophie powerstation plus with Apple Lightning connector
Published: 2018/07/17
Channel: mophie
IPhone 5 Lightning Dock Connector Port replacement
IPhone 5 Lightning Dock Connector Port replacement
Published: 2014/08/06
Channel: Alex S.
iPhone 6 Plus Lightning Connector Replacement—How To
iPhone 6 Plus Lightning Connector Replacement—How To
Published: 2016/07/11
Channel: iFixit Video
mophie powerstation XXL with Apple Lightning connector
mophie powerstation XXL with Apple Lightning connector
Published: 2018/07/17
Channel: mophie
mophie powerstation with Apple Lightning connector
mophie powerstation with Apple Lightning connector
Published: 2018/07/17
Channel: mophie
iPhone 6s - Lightning Connector tauschen / Ladebuchse oder Mikrofon defekt
iPhone 6s - Lightning Connector tauschen / Ladebuchse oder Mikrofon defekt
Published: 2018/03/22
Channel: iDoc - iPhone Reparatur Berlin
Belkin 3.5 mm Audio Cable With Lightning Connector Review
Belkin 3.5 mm Audio Cable With Lightning Connector Review
Published: 2018/06/07
Channel: Rich DeMuro
How To: Replace the iPhone 5 Lightning Connector (Charging Port)
How To: Replace the iPhone 5 Lightning Connector (Charging Port)
Published: 2014/08/08
Channel: iFixit Video
iPhone 6 Charging Port Replacement in 5 minutes, microphone fix, headphone jack repair
iPhone 6 Charging Port Replacement in 5 minutes, microphone fix, headphone jack repair
Published: 2014/09/22
Channel: JerryRigEverything
RAVPower 32GB Flash Drive with Lightning Connector and USB 3 0
RAVPower 32GB Flash Drive with Lightning Connector and USB 3 0
Published: 2017/06/23
Channel: darren wilson
iPhone 6 - Lightning Connector tauschen / replacement
iPhone 6 - Lightning Connector tauschen / replacement
Published: 2016/09/09
Channel: iDoc - iPhone Reparatur Berlin
iWalk Portable Charger Unboxing [Lightning Connector]
iWalk Portable Charger Unboxing [Lightning Connector]
Published: 2018/06/07
Channel: VincentHTV
urbeats 3 Lightning Connector Matte Gold Unboxing
urbeats 3 Lightning Connector Matte Gold Unboxing
Published: 2018/03/31
Channel: Timmie J
iPhone 6S Charging Port Repair Shown in 4 minute Fix
iPhone 6S Charging Port Repair Shown in 4 minute Fix
Published: 2015/09/26
Channel: JerryRigEverything
How to repair iPhone 6s Plus Lightning Connector and Headphone Jack
How to repair iPhone 6s Plus Lightning Connector and Headphone Jack
Published: 2016/02/11
Channel: Fixez.com
iPhone 7: Lightning EarPods vs 3.5mm EarPods
iPhone 7: Lightning EarPods vs 3.5mm EarPods
Published: 2016/09/27
Channel: 9to5Mac
How To: Replace the Lightning Connector in your iPhone 5s
How To: Replace the Lightning Connector in your iPhone 5s
Published: 2014/05/23
Channel: iFixit Video
Apple EarPods with Lightning Connector MMTN2ZM/A - огляд гарнітури від Apple / unboxing 4k UHD
Apple EarPods with Lightning Connector MMTN2ZM/A - огляд гарнітури від Apple / unboxing 4k UHD
Published: 2018/03/08
Channel: umka1m
iPad Air Charging Port Replacement
iPad Air Charging Port Replacement
Published: 2014/10/18
Channel: Go Cell Phone Repair
APPLE EARPODS With Lightning Connector (UNBOXING) 4K
APPLE EARPODS With Lightning Connector (UNBOXING) 4K
Published: 2018/02/26
Channel: The JUICY
iPhone 5S Lightning Port Replacement
iPhone 5S Lightning Port Replacement
Published: 2014/07/10
Channel: Go Cell Phone Repair
How to iPhone 6 Charging Port Replacement & Fix in 4 minutes
How to iPhone 6 Charging Port Replacement & Fix in 4 minutes
Published: 2015/07/14
Channel: DirectFix
iPhone 6 Plus Charging Port Replacement shown in 6 Minutes
iPhone 6 Plus Charging Port Replacement shown in 6 Minutes
Published: 2014/10/04
Channel: JerryRigEverything
Lightning to 3.5mm Headphone Jack Adapter and Lightning Charging Port for iPhone review
Lightning to 3.5mm Headphone Jack Adapter and Lightning Charging Port for iPhone review
Published: 2017/04/19
Channel: Peter von Panda
EarPods With Lightning Connector Unboxing
EarPods With Lightning Connector Unboxing
Published: 2017/07/05
Channel: KgUnbox
Anker 2-Port Car Charger PowerDrive 2 Elite with Lightning Connector and PowerIQ Ultra-Compact 24W
Anker 2-Port Car Charger PowerDrive 2 Elite with Lightning Connector and PowerIQ Ultra-Compact 24W
Published: 2017/09/24
Channel: Autotech 123
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Lightning
Lightning connector.svg
Top down view of a Lightning cable, showing the 8-pin connector
Type Data and power connector
Designer Apple Inc.
Produced 2012–present
Superseded 30-pin dock connector
Pins 8
Pin out
Receptacle view
Pin 1 GND Ground
Pin 2 L0p Lane 0 positive
Pin 3 L0n Lane 0 negative
Pin 4 ID0 Identification/control 0
Pin 5 PWR Power (charger or battery)
Pin 6 L1n Lane 1 negative
Pin 7 L1p Lane 1 positive
Pin 8 ID1 Identification/control 1
Lane 0 and 1 may swap in IC of device connector (lanes don't swap if accessory identification chip connect to ID0 pin)

Lightning is a proprietary computer bus and power connector created by Apple Inc. Introduced on September 12, 2012 (2012-09-12), to replace its predecessor, the 30-pin dock connector, the Lightning connector is used to connect Apple mobile devices like iPhones, iPads, and iPods to host computers, external monitors, cameras, USB battery chargers, and other peripherals. Using 8 pins instead of 30, Lightning is significantly more compact than the 30-pin dock connector and can be inserted with either side facing up. However, unless used with an adapter, it is incompatible with cables and peripherals designed for its predecessor.

History[edit]

The Lightning connector was introduced on September 12, 2012 (2012-09-12), as a replacement for the 30-pin dock connector, to be used for all new hardware that was announced at the same event.[1] The first compatible devices were the iPhone 5, the iPod Touch (5th generation), and the iPod Nano (7th generation).[2] The iPad (4th generation) and the iPad Mini (1st generation) were added as Lightning devices in October 2012.[3][4]

On November 25, 2012, Apple acquired the "Lightning" trademark in Europe from Harley-Davidson. Apple was given a partial transfer of the Lightning trademark, suggesting that Harley-Davidson likely retained the rights to use the name for motorcycle-related products.[5][6] Apple is the sole proprietor of the trademark and copyrights for the designs and specifications of the lightning cable.[citation needed]

The iPad Pro, released in 2015, features the first Lightning connector supporting USB 3.0.[7] However, the included cable only supports USB 2.0 as it lacks the necessary extra pins, so any USB 3.0-supporting Lightning devices would be bought separately.[7]

Technology[edit]

Apple Lightning to USB Cable (MD818)
Lightning cable connected to iPad mini
Lightning cable with iPhone 6S
Lightning connector

Lightning is an 8-pin connector which carries a digital signal. Unlike the Apple 30 pin connector it replaces (and USB Type A or B connectors), the Lightning connector can be inserted either face up or face down. Apple offers various adapters which allow the Lightning connector to be used with other interfaces, such as 30-pin, USB, HDMI, VGA, and SD cards. The Lightning to 30-pin adapter supports only a limited subset of the available 30-pin signals: USB data, USB charging, and analog audio output (via the DAC inside of the adapter[8]).

Official Lightning connectors contain an authentication chip that was intended to make it difficult for third-party manufacturers to produce compatible accessories without being approved by Apple;[9] however, the chip has been cracked.[10]

The pin out is detailed in the info box. However, each pin on the reverse side of the connector is connected to its directly opposite twin on the other side. Part of the processor's job is to route the power and data signals correctly whichever way up the connector is inserted.[10]

The plug measures 6.7 mm by 1.5 mm.

Comparisons with microUSB[edit]

Apple has not publicly discussed microUSB, but various tech news websites state that Lightning might have been used instead of microUSB because of its compatibility with docks and speaker systems;[11] the ability to insert the cable in either direction for user convenience;[12] Apple wishing to maintain control over the ethics of the supply chain of accessories[13] and the ability to charge a licensing fee; the mechanical weakness of USB connectors;[12] and the ability to either charge a device, or allow a device to power accessories.[citation needed] The optional supplemental standard USB On-The-Go allows USB devices to do this.[14]

On April 10, 2015, Apple announced a new line of MacBooks that featured USB-C, which has similarities with Lightning, and advantages over microUSB. USB-C, like Lightning, but unlike its predecessor microUSB, can be plugged in either direction. USB-C and Lightning are not interchangeable; as they are entirely different pin-outs, protocols and connectors, and until the launch of the new MacBooks required adapters to work with each other.

Devices using Lightning connectors[edit]

Lightning to 3.5 mm Headphone Jack Adapter

The following Apple-made devices use Lightning connectors:

iPhone[edit]

iPad[edit]

iPod[edit]

Adapters[edit]

  • Lightning to 30-pin Adapter
  • Lightning to 30-pin Adapter (0.2 m)
  • Lightning to Micro USB Adapter
  • Lightning to USB Camera Adapter
  • Lightning to USB 3 Camera Adapter
  • Lightning to SD Card Camera Reader
  • Lightning to VGA Adapter
  • Lightning Digital AV Adapter
  • Lightning to HDMI
  • Lightning to 3.5 mm Headphone Jack Adapter[15]
  • Lightning to USB Type C (Power Delivery)[16]

Accessories[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pollicino, Joe (September 12, 2012). "Apple's September 12th event roundup: iPhone 5, new iPods, iOS 6, Lightning and everything else". Engadget. Retrieved October 5, 2012. 
  2. ^ Dillet, Romain (September 12, 2012). "The iPhone 5 Comes With The New "Lightning" Connector". TechCrunch. Retrieved September 27, 2012. 
  3. ^ Schultz, Marianne (October 23, 2012). "Apple Announces Fourth-Generation iPad with Lightning Connector, New A6X Chip". MacRumors. Retrieved December 2, 2012. 
  4. ^ "iPad mini Technical Specifications". Apple Inc. December 2, 2012. Retrieved October 23, 2012. 
  5. ^ Goldman, David (November 26, 2012). "Apple bought Lightning trademark from Harley-Davidson". CNNMoney.com. Retrieved November 29, 2012. 
  6. ^ "Apple acquired Lightning trademark from Harley-Davidson". Apple Insider. 
  7. ^ a b Cunningham, Andrew (2015-11-13). "Apple sneaks a USB 3.0-compatible Lightning port into the iPad Pro". Ars Technica. Retrieved 2016-01-21. 
  8. ^ Eric Slivka (October 11, 2012). "Apple's Lightning to 30-Pin Adapter Torn Apart, Reveals Several Chips and Copious Glue". MacRumors. Retrieved 9 September 2016. 
  9. ^ Foresman, Chris (October 3, 2012). "Apple revising MFi program to limit third-party Lightning accessories". Ars Technica. Retrieved October 3, 2012. 
  10. ^ a b Gary Marshall (October 24, 2012). "Apple Lightning connector: what you need to know". techradar. 
  11. ^ "Engineer explains why Apple went with Lightning instead of Micro USB". idownloadblog.com. 2012-09-14. Retrieved 2013-10-18. 
  12. ^ a b "Hardware comparison: Lightning connector vs MicroUSB connector". pocketables.com. 2012-12-20. Retrieved 2013-10-18. 
  13. ^ "Made For iPhone manufacturers may have to comply with Apple's supplier responsibility code". Engadget. Retrieved 2015-07-03. 
  14. ^ "c|net: Clever adapter connects USB accessories to your Android device"
  15. ^ "Lightning to 3.5 mm Headphone Jack Adapter". Apple. Retrieved 2017-01-25. 
  16. ^ "USB Type C to Lightning Cable". Apple. Retrieved 2017-12-25. 

Further reading[edit]

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