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(September 2016) Nippon Budokan (, often shortened to simply 日本武道館 Nippon Budōkan) Budokan, is an indoor arena located in Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan. Budokan was originally built for the judo competition in the 1964 Summer Olympics, hence its name, which translates in English as Martial Arts Hall. Its primary purpose is to host martial arts contests and for a time was a popular venue for Japanese professional wrestling. It has hosted numerous other sporting events such as the 1967 Women's Volleyball World Championship and other events such as musical concerts.
A number of famous
rock music acts have played at Budokan. The Beatles were the first rock group to play there, in a series of concerts held between June 30 and July 2, 1966. Several live albums were recorded at Budokan, including releases by Bob Dylan, Stormtroopers of Death, Eric Clapton, Cheap Trick, Dream Theater, John Hiatt, Mr. Big, and Ozzy Osbourne.
Location [ edit ]
The Nippon Budokan is located in
Kitanomaru Park in the center of Tokyo, two minutes' walking distance from Kudanshita Subway Station, and near the Imperial Palace and Yasukuni Shrine. The 42 m (140 ft) high octagonal structure holds 14,471 people (arena seats: 2,946, 1st floor seats: 3,199, 2nd floor seats: 7,846, standee: 480). The building is modeled after  Yumedono (Hall of Dreams) in Hōryū-ji in Nara.
Venue history [ edit ]
Martial arts [ edit ]
The 57th Japan National
Championship (November 3, 2009)
The Nippon Budokan during the cherry blossom
Although it also functions as a venue for big musical events, its primary purpose is for Japanese
martial arts. The national championships of the different branches of the martial arts ( judo, kendo, karate, aikido, etc.) are held annually at the Budokan. The Budokan has also been associated with professional wrestling's big shows, typically from All Japan Pro Wrestling and Pro Wrestling Noah. However, due to declining business following the death of Mitsuharu Misawa and the retirement of Kenta Kobashi, professional wrestling has ceased running regular shows in the Budokan. During Wrestle Kingdom 12, New Japan Pro Wrestling announced that its yearly G1 Climax tournament's finals would be held at the Budokan.
Muhammad Ali vs. Antonio Inoki hybrid rules fight held at the Budokan in 1976 is seen as a forerunner to mixed martial arts. K-1, Shooto and Pride Fighting Championships have all held events at the arena.
A concert stage at Budokan
The Beatles were the first rock group to perform at Budokan in a series of five shows held between June 30 and July 2, 1966. Their appearances were met with opposition from those who felt the appearance of a western pop group would defile the martial arts arena. 
In July 1973 Japanese television recorded the
Santana performance at Budokan.
The Budokan gained worldwide fame when American artists
Cheap Trick and Bob Dylan used the arena to record their performances, (1978) and Cheap Trick at Budokan (1979). In explaining the popularity of the venue for live albums, Bob Dylan at Budokan Eric Clapton described the Tokyo audience as "almost overappreciative" in interviews promoting (1980), his own live album recorded at the Budokan.
Just One Night
The record for the most Budokan music concerts is held by
Eikichi Yazawa, 142 times as of December 19, 2017.
Artists that have released live recordings from the venue include:
Led Zeppelin; September 23 and 24, 1971 and October 2 and 3, 1972.
Chicago; June 8, 1972.
Uriah Heep; 1973, (Live concert filmed on 16mm for television. DVD versions available ) 
Deep Purple; 1972; for the last of the three concerts making up their live album. Made in Japan
The Carpenters; June 7–9, 1974; Live in Japan
Rainbow; December 16, 1976; Rainbow performed here both afternoon and evening shows at 3:00pm and 6:00 p.m. On Stage
Aerosmith; 1977 (Jan-Feb); see the Japanese record "Rocks Budokan" label Calm&Storm.
Fleetwood Mac; December 5, 1977 and February 3, 4th and 5, 1980
Bay City Rollers; 1977; Rollerworld, Live at the Budokan 1977, released as Rollerworld: Live at the Budokan 1977 in 2001.
Cheap Trick; April 27, 28 and 30, 1978; Cheap Trick at Budokan
Ian Gillan Band; 1977–1978; (Vols. 1-2). Live at the Budokan
Eric Clapton; December 1979; . Just One Night
Diana Ross; 1977; "An Evening with Diana Ross" concert was videotaped during her 1977 tour.
Eikichi Yazawa; 1977; Super Live Nippon Budokan, recorded his Budokan concerts of 1977. Bob Dylan; 1979; , recorded during his 1978 world tour. Bob Dylan at Budokan
Bryan Adams; 2000; . Live at the Budokan
Morning Musume; 2000; DVD Morning Musume First Live at Budōkan: Dancing Love Site 2000 Haru (Also Sayaka Ichii's graduation from the group)
Malice Mizer; 2-night stint at the Budokan in support of , which yielded their live video Bara no Seidou Bara ni Irodorareta Akui to Higeki no Makuake.
Bay City Rollers; 2001; Rollerworld, Live at the Budokan 1977, released as Rollerworld: Live at the Budokan 1977 in 2001.
Ozzy Osbourne; 2002; filmed CD/DVD combination . Live at Budokan
Pearl Jam; 2003; recorded an official bootleg at Budokan during their (for further information see: Riot Act Tour Pearl Jam#). Riot Act: 2002–2005
Duran Duran; July 11 + 12, 2003; played at Budokan; shows recorded live  
Mariah Carey; 2003; performed 3 concert shows, part of her Charmbracelet World Tour on July 6, 8 and 10.
Incubus; March 3, 2004; performed at Budokan and show recorded as CD on June 1, 2004 Live in Japan 2004
Dream Theater; 2004; 2DVD/3CD . Live at Budokan
Hikaru Utada; July 28, 2004; video . Utada Hikaru in Budokan 2004: Hikaru no 5
Judas Priest; 2005; DVD . Rising in the East
Nana Mizuki; 2005; DVD . Nana Mizuki Live Rainbow at Budokan
Avril Lavigne; 2005; DVD , Live at Budokan: Bonez Tour . Bonez Tour
Hikaru Utada; 2006; video ( Utada United 2006 Hikaru Utada discography#Video Releases)
Nana Mizuki; 2006; DVD . Nana Mizuki Livedom -Birth- at Budokan
Morning Musume; 2006; DVD Morning Musume Concert Tour 2006 Aki: Odore! Morning Curry
The Gazette; 2006; DVD Standing Live Tour 2006 [Nameless Liberty. Six Guns...] Tour Final at Nippon Budokan.
TM Network; 2007; video TM Network -Remaster- at Nippon Budokan 2007.
TVXQ; 2007; Tohoshinki 2nd Live Tour 2007: Five in the Black.
Perfume; 2008; "Budokaaaaaaaaaan!!!!!".
Joe Hisaishi; 2008; Joe Hisaishi in Budokan – 25 years with the Animations of Hayao Miyazaki.
Flow; 2008; Flow Live Tour 2007–2008 'Isle' Final at Nippon Budokan
Chatmonchy; 2008; [Restaurant Main Dish] Live at : Budokan 2008.
Nana Mizuki; 2009; Blu-ray/DVD . Nana Mizuki Live Diamond x Fever
Mr. Big; 2009; live CD/DVD . Back to Budokan
Dir En Grey; 2009; live DVD Uroboros: With the Proof in the Name of Living... At Nippon Budokan.
AKB48; 2009; AKB104 Senbatsu Members Sokaku Matsuri The Pillows; 2009; live DVD . Lostman Go to Budokan
Backstreet Boys; February 18, 2010; recorded live DVD on the Backstreet Boys: This Is Us Japan Tour 2010 . This Is Us Tour
Nico Touches the Walls; March 12, 2010; "Walls is Auroras" LIVE.
Polysics; March 14, 2010; Budokan or Die!!!! 2010.3.14
One Ok Rock; 2010; live DVD This Is My Budokan?!. 
Morning Musume; 2011; Ai Takahashi's graduation concert "Ai Believe ~Takahashi Ai Graduation Memory Special~.
F.T. Island; 2011; Live In Budokan Summer Mesengger Tour.
2PM; 2012;2PM Six Beautiful Day Live in Budokan
Milky Holmes; 2012; Milky Holmes Live in Budokan
Lee Seung-gi; 2012; First Japan Live in Budokan Kidou (Hope). 
T-ara; 2012; Live in Budokan, recording of a concert performed as part of their Jewelry Box tour
Dream Morning Musume; March 10, 2012; Dream Morning Musume Special Live 2012 Nippon Budokan~Dai 1 Shou Shuumaku 'Yuusha tachi, Shuugou seyo'
U-KISS; 2012; live DVD . U-KISS Live In Budokan
Morning Musume; 2012; Risa Niigaki and Aika Mitsui's graduation concert Ultra Smart.
Scandal; March 28, 2012; Japan Title Match Live 2012: Scandal vs Budokan Sonar Pocket; August 3, 2012;
Sonapokeizm Special - Natsu no Jin - in Nippon Budokan
Acid Black Cherry; 2012; "Live DVD Acid Black Cherry Tour 『2012』".
Spyair; December 18, 2012;
Morning Musume; 2013; Reina Tanaka's graduation concert, Michishige☆Eleven Soul.
°C-ute; 2013; Queen of J-Pop ~Tadoritsuita Onna Senshi~.
AKB48; 2013; AKB48 Group Rinji Soukai "Shirokuro tsukeyou janai ka!"
T-ara; 2013; . T-ara Japan Tour 2013: Treasure Box
Morning Musume; 2013; ~Chance!~
Berryz Kobo; 2013; Berryz Koubou 10 Shuunen Kinen Budokan Special Live ~Yappari Anata Nashi de wa Ikite Yukenai~
AKB48 Group Research Students; 2013; AKB48 Group Kenkyuusei Concert ~Oshimen Hayai Mono Gachi~
Super Junior KRY; 2013; Special Japan tour Super Junior K.R.Y. Special Winter Concert'
Avril Lavigne; February 4 and 5, 2014: The Avril Lavigne Tour
Babymetal; March 1 and 2, 2014 ; Live at Budokan: Red Night & Black Night Apocalypse
Dir En Grey; March 8–9, 2014; Dum Spiro Spero at Nippon Budokan
S/mileage; July 15, 2014; S/mileage Live 2014 Natsu Full Charge ~715 Nippon Budokan~
Junho(from 2PM); August 12 and 13, 2014; "Feel" Solo Tour in Japan 2014
Dish; January 1, 2015
Silent Siren; January 17, 2015; Silent Siren Live Tour 2014–2015 Fuyu ~Budokan e Go! Siren Go!~ at Budokan
Oldcodex; February 11, 2015; "Capture" in Budokan
Kalafina; February 28, 2015; Kalafina Live Best 2015 "Red Day". March 1, 2015; Kalafina Live Best 2015 "Blue Day"
The Gazette; March 3, 2015; 13th Anniversary Nippon Budokan
Kana-Boon; March 31, 2015
Morning Musume; May 27, 2015; ~Gradation~. 己龍 (Kiryu); July 31, 2015
Hatsune Miku; September 4–5, 2015; Magical Mirai.
Eir Aoi; November 2, 2015; Eir Aoi Special Live 2015 World of Blue at Nippon Budokan
Angerme; November 29, 2015, Angerme First Concert Tour 2015 Aki "Hyakka Ryouran" ~Fukuda Kanon Sotsugyou Special~
Morning Musume; December 7–8, 2015; ~Prism~.
Dish; January 1–2, 2016; 4 Monkey Magic.
Wagakki Band; January 6, 2016; Dai Shinnenkai 2016 Nippon Budokan -Akatsuki no Utage-.
Scandal; January 12–13, 2016; SCANDAL ARENA TOUR 2015–2016 「PERFECT WORLD」
Dir En Grey; February 5–6, 2016; Arche At Nippon Budokan
iKon; February 15–16, 2016; iKoncert 2016: Showtime Tour
YuiKaori; March 12, 2016; RAINBOW CANARY!! ～Brightest Stage～
Shouta Aoi; March 13, 2016; Wonder Lab. ~Bokutachi no Sign~
Kalafina; September 16–17, 2016; Kalafina Arena LIVE 2016
Suzuko Mimori; October 27–28, 2016; Mimori Suzuko Live Tour 2016 "Grand Revue" Final at Nippon Budokan
Eir Aoi; November 4–5, 2016; Eir Aoi 5th Anniversary Special Live 2016 ～Last Blue～ at Nippon Budokan
My First Story; November 18, 2016; We're Just Waiting 4 You Tour 2016 Final at Budokan
ClariS; February 10, 2017; ClariS 1st Budōkan Concert ~Futatsu no Kamen to Ushinawareta Taiyō~ (ClariS 1st Budōkan Concert: Two Masks and the Lost Sun)
Daimaou Kosaka (Piko-Taro); March 6, 2017; Pikotaro PPAPPT in Nippon Budokan
Taemin; July 1–2, 2017; TAEMIN The 1st Stage Nippon Budokan
Black Pink; July 20, 2017, Japanese Debut Showcase After the Rain; August 9–10, 2017;
AtR -Clockwise / Anti-Clockwise-
Aimer; August 29, 2017; Live in Budokan "blanc et noir"
Nana Mizuki; January 11–21, 2018; NANA MIZUKI LIVE GATE 2018
Kalafina; January 23, 2018; Kalafina 10th Anniversary LIVE 2018 at Nippon Budokan
coldrain; February 6, 2018; FATELESS JAPAN TOUR 2017
Winner; April 28, 2018; WINNER Japan Tour 2018 ~We’ll always be young~
Mariah Carey; October 31 and November 1, 2018; #1's Tour (Two sold out shows) Maaya Uchida; January 1, 2019; UCHIDA MAAYA New Year LIVE 2019「take you take me BUDOKAN!!」 
crossover thrash band Stormtroopers of Death released a live album titled Live at Budokan (1992), though the title was in jest and the album was recorded at famed New York City venue The Ritz.
The original Beatles concert is heavily bootlegged on audio and video;
the first night's concert video was officially released by  Apple in Japan only as Beatles Concert at Budokan 1966, and excerpts are shown in , while the The Beatles Anthology second included the first show's performances of " Anthology album Rock and Roll Music" and " She's A Woman". The venue is one of the stages in video game. The Beatles: Rock Band  Chatmonchy currently holds the record for the largest crowd at Budokan.
South Korean Girl group T-ara was the first Korean female artist to perform in Nippon Budokan in 2012 and the only Korean female artist to perform there twice in 2013.
South Korean Girl group Black Pink became the second Korean female artist to perform in Nippon Budokan after T-ara in 2017.
Other events [ edit ]
National Memorial Service for War Dead is held with the attendance of the Prime Minister, the Emperor and the Empress annually in Budokan on August 15, the day of Japan's surrender.
As well as holding the Live Concert in appreciation of the Popular Anime series
Lucky Star:Live in Budokan (Anata No Tame Dakara)
A concert was held in honor of
Studio Ghibli's 25th anniversary at the Budokan, hosted by Joe Hisaishi. It included repertoire from most of the films Hisaishi composed for Hayao Miyazaki's Studio Ghibli filmography.
Diana Ross performed and taped her "Here and Now" television special in 1991 to a sold out audience.
Japan Record Awards took place in the arena from 1985 to 1993 where all of the artists from around the country receive these awards.
Muhammad Ali won a unanimous decision over Mac Foster in their 1972 heavyweight boxing match.
On August 27, 2011, Japan's three biggest professional wrestling promotions;
All Japan Pro Wrestling, New Japan Pro Wrestling and Pro Wrestling Noah came together to produce a charity event titled All Together at the arena. On August 10, 11 and 12, 2018 New Japan Pro Wrestling will have the final 3 days of the G1 Climax in Budokan and that will mark the first time in 15 years New Japan has promoted an event there.
Professional wrestler and legend in Japan
Kenta Kobashi wrestled his final match in Budokan on May 11, 2013, at an event titled Final Burning in Budokan. Kobashi is synonymous with the arena along with fellow wrestlers Toshiaki Kawada and the late Mitsuharu Misawa.
In November the Budokan is a 2 day-venue for the annual
Japan Self-Defense Force Marching Festival, a yearly tradition and the nation's military tattoo first held here in the fall of 1963. Aside from JSDF bands, foreign armed forces military bands are also invited to join the event.
Other uses [ edit ]
A fictional concert hall based on Nippon Budokan appeared in the
music video game under the name " Guitar Hero III: Legends of Rock Kaiju Megadome." The Beatles' appearance at Nippon Budokan was featured in .
The Beatles: Rock Band
Another fictional hall based on the Nippon Budokan appeared in the Japanese pro-wrestling video game
Virtual Pro Wrestling 2: Ōdō Keishō
References [ edit ]
(in Japanese). Nippon Budoukan 日本武道館建物概要（アリーナ面積・座席表） . Retrieved . July 4, 2014
Swanson, Dave. "50 Years Ago: The Beatles Headline in Japan". Ultimate Classic Rock . Retrieved . November 26, 2017
"Japan keeps Lennon's memory alive". BBC News. December 8, 2008 . Retrieved . April 7, 2010
(in Japanese). Sponichi Annex 矢沢永吉、今年もヨロシク武道館 止まらない最多更新１４２回へ . Retrieved . July 7, 2017
^ Personal memoir, Todd Fischer
"Duran Duran Music". Duran Duran Music . Retrieved . November 13, 2015
"Duran Duran DURAN DURAN TIMELINE". Duran Duran . Retrieved . November 13, 2015
see 'other' Archived May 29, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
"Lee Seung-gi Mesmerizes Fans in Japan's Budokan". HanCinema . Retrieved . November 13, 2015
制作者. "2019年1月1日、日本武道館でのライブが決定！ | 内田真礼オフィシャルサイト". 2019年1月1日、日本武道館でのライブが決定！ | 内田真礼オフィシャルサイト (in Japanese) . Retrieved . 2018-11-02
Unterberger, Richie (2006). The Unreleased Beatles: Music & Film. Hal Leonard Corporation. pp. 321–322. ISBN 978-0-87930-892-6.
. The Beatles Rock Band: If I Needed Someone- Sight Read (100% FC Gold Stars) YouTube. September 5, 2009 . Retrieved . November 13, 2015
"DVIDS - News - III MEF Band impresses at Budokan". DVIDS . Retrieved . November 13, 2015
External links [ edit ]