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Porsche Cayenne
Porsche Cayenne, IAA 2017 (1Y7A2256).jpg
Porsche Cayenne (third generation)
Overview
ManufacturerPorsche AG
Production2002–present
Model years2003–present
Assembly
  • 2002–2016: Bratislava, Slovakia
  • (Volkswagen Bratislava Plant)
  • (body assembly, paint, engine, gearbox, drivetrain, under chassis, wheels)
  • Leipzig, Germany
  • (interior, finishing, inspection)
  •  
  • 2015–2017: Osnabrück, Germany (Volkswagen Osnabrück Plant)
  • (interior, finishing, inspection)
  •  
  • 2017–present: Bratislava, Slovakia (Volkswagen Bratislava Plant)[1]
Body and chassis
ClassMid-size luxury crossover SUV
Body style5-door SUV
LayoutFront engine, four-wheel drive
PlatformVolkswagen Group PL71 platform
RelatedVolkswagen Touareg
Audi Q7
Ruf Dakara

The Porsche Cayenne is a mid-size luxury crossover sport utility vehicle produced by the German manufacturer Porsche since 2002, with North American sales beginning in 2003. It is the first V8-engined vehicle built by Porsche since 1995, when the Porsche 928 was discontinued. It is also Porsche's first off road variant vehicle since its Super and Junior tractors of 1950s, and the first Porsche with four doors. Since 2008, all engines have featured direct injection technology.

The second-generation Cayenne (Type 92A) was unveiled at the 2010 Geneva Motor Show in March following an online reveal. The Cayenne shares its platform, body frame, doors and electronics with the similar Volkswagen Touareg and Audi Q7. The second generation received a facelift in 2014 with minor external changes, and introduced a new plug-in E-Hybrid version, with its public launch at the Paris Motor Show.[2]

First generation (2003–2010)[edit]

First generation (9PA) Chassis E1
2003-2006 Porsche Cayenne (9PA) S wagon 01.jpg
Overview
Production2002–2010
Model years2003–2010
Powertrain
Enginepetrol
3.2 L 240 hp (179 kW) VR6
3.6 L 290 hp (216 kW) VR6
4.5 L 340 hp (254 kW) V8 (S)
4.5 L 450 hp (336 kW) V8 TT (Turbo)
4.5 L 521 hp (389 kW) V8 Twin-turbo
Transmission6-speed automatic
6-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,855 mm (112.4 in)
Length4,780 mm (188.2 in)
Turbo: 4,783 mm (188.3 in)
Width1,928 mm (75.9 in)
Height1,700 mm (66.9 in)

The Porsche Cayenne entered the market with mixed anticipation. However, it soon proved that it was the performance vehicle among SUVs and was praised for its excellent handling and powerful engines.[3] The lineup initially consisted of the V8-powered Cayenne S and Cayenne Turbo. Later in the model cycle, VR6 and diesel-powered versions joined the lineup.

The base model is powered by a 3.2-L VR6 engine producing 250 PS (184 kW; 247 hp); modifications in the exhaust manifold allow power to peak at 6,700 rpm. Acceleration from 0–60 mph (97 km/h) is approx[specify] 7.5 seconds with the manual transmission and 8.1 seconds with the Tiptronic S.

Facelift Porsche Cayenne 3.6 (Australia)

Cayenne S[edit]

Pre–facelift Porsche Cayenne S (Australia)

The S is powered by an 8-cylinder engine with a dry-sump lubrication system and variable valve timing. It produces 340 PS (250 kW; 335 hp) and 310 lb⋅ft (420 N⋅m) of torque. Acceleration from 0–60 mph (97 km/h) takes 7.1 seconds and the top speed is 150 mph (241 km/h).[4]

Introduced only for 2006 (Pre-GTS concept), a special distinctive Cayenne S Titanium Edition Wagon (9PA), a 1 Year exclusive, limited production SUV featuring a lightweight steel body (it is lighter than the Cayenne S), titanium-painted accented body parts, side lower rocker body panels, 4 sports chrome tailpipes, 19" titanium painted alloy wheels, bi-xenon headlights, two-tone interior upholstery, Porsche PCM w/ trip computer navigation, MP3 audio and Bose cabin surround sound. This sporty design S(Ti) is also powered by an alloy 4.5L V8 engine with a dry-sump lubrication system and variable valve timing. The Cayenne S(Ti) engine produces 340 PS (250 kW; 335 hp) and 310 lb·ft (420 N·m) of torque. Acceleration is quicker from 0–60 mph (97 km/h) at sub[specify] 6.8 seconds[clarification needed] and the top speed is 150+ mph.[clarification needed] It featured sport tuned suspension, and includes a low-range case, a locking differential and six-speed automatic Tiptronic transmission (See Turbo & Turbo S).[3]

Cayenne GTS[edit]

The GTS is powered with a 405 PS (298 kW; 399 hp) 4.8 L V8 and features a sport suspension and 21-inch (533 mm) wheels. It is lighter than the Cayenne S and has an aerodynamic body kit. The Porsche Cayenne GTS has a 0–100 km/h (62 mph) time of 5.7 seconds. A six-speed manual transmission is also offered.[5]

Cayenne Turbo and Turbo S[edit]

Porsche Cayenne Turbo (UK; facelift)

The first-generation Cayenne Turbo has 450 PS (331 kW), and can accelerate from 0–100 km/h (62 mph) in 5.3 seconds.[4] A Turbo S version was built in 2006 to compete with the Mercedes-Benz ML 63 AMG. The Cayenne Turbo and Turbo S include a low-range case, a locking differential, and height-adjustable, off-road suspension. The S is powered by a twin-turbocharged 4.5 L V8 that produces 521 PS (383 kW; 514 hp) and 720 N⋅m (530 lb⋅ft) of torque; Acceleration from 0–60 mph (97 km/h) takes 5.0 seconds and the top speed is 171 mph (275 km/h); It features a six-speed automatic Tiptronic transmission.

In 2008 an updated Turbo model, featuring a larger 4.8-L engine, was revealed at the Beijing Auto Show. It produces 50 PS (37 kW; 49 hp) more power, and can accelerate from 0–60 mph (97 km/h) in 4.9 seconds.[6] Also revealed with the new Turbo, was a new 550 hp (410 kW) Turbo S model. Acceleration from 0–60 mph (97 km/h) for that car takes 4.7 seconds and it can be had with optional ceramic composite brakes.

Cayenne Diesel[edit]

Porsche has sold a diesel version of the Cayenne, powered by a 3.0-L V6 VW TDI engine, since February 2009.[7] The engine is rated at 240 PS (177 kW; 237 hp) and 550 N⋅m (410 lb⋅ft) of torque. The car was unveiled at the 2009 Geneva Motor Show.[8] The diesel can accelerate from 0–60 mph (97 km/h) in 9.2 seconds.

Cayenne S Transsyberia[edit]

The Cayenne S Transsyberia was originally a racing vehicle for Transsyberia rally, only 26 were built.[9]

The street version was later built to commemorate Porsche's victory in Transsyberia rally. It is a variant with the 405 hp (302 kW) direct-inject 4.8-L V8 from the Cayenne GTS. Sales began in January 2009, with a production run of 600 road vehicles.[10]

Cayenne GTS Porsche Design Edition 3 (2010)[edit]

In May 2009,[11] a limited edition version based on the Cayenne GTS was introduced, designed by Porsche Design Studio and included a Porsche Design chronograph Type P’6612. Production was limited to 1000 units, 100 in the USA.[12]

Engines[edit]

Model Production period Engine Power (PS, torque)@rpm
Cayenne 2003-2007 3,189 cc (3.2 L; 194.6 cu in) VR6 250 PS (184 kW; 247 hp)@6000, 310 N⋅m (229 lb⋅ft)@2500
Cayenne 2007-2010 3,598 cc (3.6 L; 219.6 cu in) VR6 290 PS (213 kW; 286 hp)@6200, 385 N⋅m (284 lb⋅ft)@3000
Cayenne S 2002-2007 4,511 cc (4.5 L; 275.3 cu in) V8 340 PS (250 kW; 335 hp)@6000, 420 N⋅m (310 lb⋅ft)@2500
Cayenne S Titanium Edition 2006 4,511 cc (4.5 L; 275.3 cu in) V8 340 PS (250 kW; 335 hp)@6000, 420 N⋅m (310 lb⋅ft)@2500
Cayenne S 2007-2010 4,806 cc (4.8 L; 293.3 cu in) V8 385 PS (283 kW; 380 hp)@6200, 500 N⋅m (369 lb⋅ft)@3500
Cayenne S Transsyberia 2009 4,806 cc (4.8 L; 293.3 cu in) V8 405 PS (298 kW; 399 hp)@6500, 500 N⋅m (369 lb⋅ft)@3500
Cayenne GTS 2008-2010 4,806 cc (4.8 L; 293.3 cu in) V8 405 PS (298 kW; 399 hp)@6500, 500 N⋅m (369 lb⋅ft)@3500
Cayenne GTS Porsche Design Edition 3 2009-2009 4,806 cc (4.8 L; 293.3 cu in) V8 405 PS (298 kW; 399 hp)@6500, 500 N⋅m (369 lb⋅ft)@3500
Cayenne Turbo 2002-2007 4,511 cc (4.5 L; 275.3 cu in) twin turbo V8 450 PS (331 kW; 444 hp)@6000, 620 N⋅m (457 lb⋅ft)@2250
Cayenne Turbo 2007-2010 4,806 cc (4.8 L; 293.3 cu in) twin turbo V8 500 PS (368 kW; 493 hp)@6000, 700 N⋅m (516 lb⋅ft)@4500
Cayenne Turbo S 2006-2007 4,511 cc (4.5 L; 275.3 cu in) twin turbo V8 520 PS (382 kW; 513 hp)@5500, 720 N⋅m (531 lb⋅ft)@2750
Cayenne Turbo S 2008-2010 4,806 cc (4.8 L; 293.3 cu in) twin turbo V8 550 PS (405 kW; 542 hp)@6000, 750 N⋅m (553 lb⋅ft)@2250
Cayenne Diesel 2009-2010 2,967 cc (3.0 L; 181.1 cu in) turbo V6 240 PS (176 KW; 237 hp)@4000, 550 N⋅m (406 lb⋅ft)@2000

Second generation (2011–2017)[edit]

Second generation (92A) Chassis E2
2010-2011 Porsche Cayenne (92A MY11) S wagon (2011-08-03) 01.jpg
Overview
Production2010–2017
Model years2011–2017
Powertrain
Enginepetrol
3.0 S/C V6 333PS
3.6 VR6 300PS
4.8 V8 400PS / 420PS
4.8 T V8 500PS / 550PS
diesel
3.0 V6 250PS
4.1 V8 385 PS
Transmission6-Speed ZF Manual [13]
8-Speed Aisin Tiptronic S Automatic[14]
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,895 mm (114.0 in)
Length4,846 mm (190.8 in) (2010-14)
4,855 mm (191.1 in)(2014-)
Width1,938 mm (76.3 in) (2010-14)
1,939 mm (76.3 in)(2014-)
Height1,705 mm (67.1 in)
Curb weight2085 kg to 2215 kg (DIN)

The second-generation Porsche Cayenne went on sale in April–May 2010 as a 2011 model, with an official debut at the 2010 Geneva Motor Show. In preparation for the unveiling, the Cayenne production facility in Leipzig, Germany, closed in December 2009 to commence factory retooling for the new model, a process that took 2–3 months.[citation needed]

Porsche Cayenne S (Australia; pre-facelift)
Porsche Cayenne V6 Diesel (UK; facelift)
Porsche Cayenne V6 Diesel (UK; facelift)

The 2011 Porsche Cayenne is larger than its predecessors, but features a more slanted rear window, less upright windshield, a more sloping roofline, door-mounted mirrors, smaller windows at the rear of the vehicle, headlights inspired by the Carrera GT, taillights that extend onto the car's tailgate, LED daytime running lights and a vastly redesigned interior modeled after the Panamera.[15] The 2011 Cayenne is almost 250 kg (551 lb) lighter than the previous models due to extensive use of aluminum and magnesium, making it more fuel efficient than the previous lineup.[16] Despite its lower stance, the new vehicle's off-road capabilities have been retained without compromising the street performance-oriented layout and design.[citation needed] In addition to a diesel offering, a hybrid version is available.[17] Also, model year 2013 - 2016 diesel Porsche Cayennes are included in the Volkswagen emissions scandal.

Standard features of the 2011 Porsche Cayenne include air conditioning with dual-zone climate controls, interior air filter, tilt/telescopic leather-wrapped steering wheel with radio controls, cruise control, leather upholstery, eight-way power front seats, outside-temperature indicator, and universal garage door opener in the base model. The Cayenne S adds a power sunroof and memory for the driver's seat.[16] The Cayenne GTS added an optional rearview camera, keyless access and start, and memory system. Finally, the most upscale Cayenne Turbo and Turbo S added a navigation system with voice recognition, optional four-zone climate controls, heated rear seats, premium sound system with six-disc CD changer.[18]

The Cayenne's naturally aspirated and turbocharged V8 engines are shared with the Panamera and have been upgraded for faster acceleration times with more horsepower and torque, as well as more powerful direct-injection technology to improve efficiency. The base Cayenne model Cayenne is tuned to offer 300 hp.[citation needed]

Porsche Cayenne hybrid drivetrain

The Cayenne comes powered by a 3.6-L VR6 engine producing 300 PS (221 kW; 296 hp), the Cayenne S features the same 4.8-L V8 in the Panamera S models producing 400 PS (294 kW; 395 hp) and the Cayenne Turbo comes with Panamera Turbo's 4.8 L twin turbo V8 producing 500 PS (368 kW; 493 hp).[16] The Cayenne S Hybrid uses an Volkswagen-sourced 3.0-L V6 engine producing 333 PS (245 kW; 328 hp), paired with a nickel metal hydride battery capable of 47 PS (35 kW; 46 hp), for a total of 380 PS (279 kW; 375 hp).[19] A manual gearbox serves as the standard transmission system on the base Cayenne, with all other models featuring an eight-speed Tiptronic as standard equipment. The low-range transfer case found in the previous generation has been removed. All vehicles will feature about 10% less weight than their predecessors, 70 kg worth of standard equipment in excess of that found on the current model and a more heavily contoured rear bench.[citation needed]

Available Porsche Dynamic Chassis Control (PDCC) active anti-roll bars,[20] Adaptive air suspension and Porsche Active Suspension Management (PASM).

In September 2012 Porsche announced the Cayenne S Diesel.[21] This model is fitted with the Volkswagen 4.1-L V8 TDI engine. In October 2012, Porsche confirmed the addition of a new Cayenne Turbo S.[22]

In July 2014, Porsche launched a facelifted Cayenne range, with minor exterior alterations and new power-train options, including a plug-in E-Hybrid and downsizing of the S model's 4.8-L V8 to a turbocharged 3.6-L V6.[citation needed]

Hybrid[edit]

At the IAA 2005, Porsche announced it would produce a hybrid version of the Cayenne before 2010 (Porsche Cayenne Hybrid). Two years later, at the IAA 2007, Porsche presented a functioning Cayenne Hybrid and demonstration model of the drivetrain.[citation needed]

Notable modifications to this car include an electric vacuum pump and hydraulic steering pump, allowing the car to function even when the engine is deactivated. A 288-volt nickel metal hydride battery is placed under the boot floor, occupying the space normally used for a spare tire.[23]

The production version, called the S Hybrid, was launched in 2010, with a 3.0-L petrol V6 linked with an electric motor to achieve CO2 emissions of 193 g/km.[24] The S Hybrid was launched in the U.S. market in November 2010.[25]

Plug-in hybrid[edit]

Porsche Cayenne S E-Hybrid charging port.
Porsche badge for its plug-in hybrid variants.

In July 2014, Porsche announced the launch of the Porsche Cayenne S E-Hybrid, a plug-in hybrid with an all-electric range between 18 and 36 km (11 and 22 mi) under the New European Driving Cycle (NEDC) standard. The plug-in model displaced the Cayenne S Hybrid from the line up, and it is part of the revised range. The Cayenne S E-Hybrid is the first plug-in hybrid in the premium SUV segment, allowing Porsche to become the first automaker with three production plug-in hybrid models.[26] Deliveries in Germany were scheduled to begin in October 2014.[27] Sales in the U.S. began in November 2014.[28]

EPA fuel economy ratings

The following are the official EPA ratings of the Cayenne S E-Hybrid compared with the others models of the 2015 line up available in the U.S.:

Vehicle Model
year
Operating
mode
(AER)
EPA fuel economy ratings[29]
Combined City Highway
Porsche Cayenne S E-Hybrid 2015 Electricity
and gasoline
(14 mi)
47 mpg-e
(69 kWh/100 mi)
- -
Gasoline only 22 mpg - -
Porsche Cayenne Diesel 2015 Diesel only 23 mpg 20 mpg 29 mpg
Porsche Cayenne S 2015 Gasoline only 20 mpg 17 mpg 24 mpg
Porsche Cayenne Turbo 2015 Gasoline only 17 mpg 14 mpg 21 mpg

Engines[edit]

Model Production period Engine Power (PS, torque)@rpm Emissions CO2
Cayenne 2010-2014 3,598 cc (3.6 L; 219.6 cu in) VR6 300 PS (221 kW; 296 hp)@6300, 400 N⋅m (295 lb⋅ft)@3000 236 g/km
Cayenne 2014-2018 3,598 cc (3.6 L; 219.6 cu in) VR6 300 PS (221 kW; 296 hp)@6300, 400 N⋅m (295 lb⋅ft)@3000 215 g/km
Cayenne S 2010-2014 4,806 cc (4.8 L; 293.3 cu in) V8 400 PS (294 kW; 395 hp)@6500, 500 N⋅m (369 lb⋅ft)@3500 245 g/km
Cayenne S 2014-2018 3,604 cc (3.6 L; 219.9 cu in) twin turbo V6 420 PS (309 kW; 414 hp)@6000, 500 N⋅m (369 lb⋅ft)@1350 223 g/km
Cayenne S Hybrid 2010-2014 2,995 cc (3.0 L; 182.8 cu in) supercharged V6 333 PS (245 kW; 328 hp)@5250, 440 N⋅m (325 lb⋅ft)@3000 193 g/km
Cayenne S E-Hybrid 2014-2018 2,995 cc (3.0 L; 182.8 cu in) supercharged V6 PHEV 416 PS (306 kW; 410 hp)@5500, 590 N⋅m (435 lb⋅ft)@3000 79 g/km
Cayenne GTS 2010-2014 4,806 cc (4.8 L; 293.3 cu in) V8 420 PS (309 kW; 414 hp)@6500, 515 N⋅m (380 lb⋅ft)@3500 251 g/km
Cayenne GTS 2015-2018 3,604 cc (3.6 L; 219.9 cu in) twin turbo V6 440 PS (324 kW; 434 hp)@6000, 600 N⋅m (443 lb⋅ft)@1600 228 g/km
Cayenne Turbo 2010-2014 4,806 cc (4.8 L; 293.3 cu in) twin turbo V8 500 PS (368 kW; 493 hp)@6000, 700 N⋅m (516 lb⋅ft)@2250 270 g/km
Cayenne Turbo 2014-2018 4,806 cc (4.8 L; 293.3 cu in) twin turbo V8 520 PS (382 kW; 513 hp)@6000, 750 N⋅m (553 lb⋅ft)@2250 261 g/km
Cayenne Turbo S 2010-2014 4,806 cc (4.8 L; 293.3 cu in) twin turbo V8 550 PS (405 kW; 542 hp)@6000, 750 N⋅m (553 lb⋅ft)@2250 270 g/km
Cayenne Turbo S 2015-2018 4,806 cc (4.8 L; 293.3 cu in) twin turbo V8 570 PS (419 kW; 562 hp)@6000, 800 N⋅m (590 lb⋅ft)@2500 267 g/km
Cayenne Diesel 2010-2011 2,967 cc (3.0 L; 181.1 cu in) turbo V6 240 PS (176 KW; 237 hp)@4000, 550 N⋅m (406 lb⋅ft)@2000
Cayenne Diesel 2011-2014 2,967 cc (3.0 L; 181.1 cu in) turbo V6 245 PS (180 kW; 242 hp)@4000, 550 N⋅m (406 lb⋅ft)@1750 189 g/km
Cayenne Diesel 2014-2018 2,967 cc (3.0 L; 181.1 cu in) turbo V6 262 PS (193 kW; 258 hp)@4000, 580 N⋅m (428 lb⋅ft)@1750 173 g/km
Cayenne S Diesel 2014-2018 4,134 cc (4.1 L; 252.3 cu in) twin turbo V8 385 PS (283 kW; 380 hp)@3750, 850 N⋅m (627 lb⋅ft)@2000 209 g/km

Guinness World Record[edit]

On 1 May 2017, a 2017 Porsche Cayenne S Diesel set the Guinness World Record for heaviest aircraft pulled by a production car. The Cayenne towed a 285 ton Air France Airbus A380 to a distance of 42 meters, breaking the previous 2013 record of a Nissan Patrol towing a 170 ton Ilyushin Il-76 to a distance of 50 meters.[30] After the attempt Porsche repeated the test using a petrol-powered Cayenne Turbo S with 800 Nm of torque, 50 Nm less than the S Diesel, in an effort to prove the Cayenne's remarkable ability.[31]

Third generation (2018–present)[edit]

Third generation (PO536)
2018 Porsche Cayenne (9YA MY19) Turbo 4WD wagon (2018-09-28) 01.jpg
Overview
Production2017–present
Model years2018–present (Europe)
2019–present (Outside of Europe)
DesignerMichael Mauer
Body and chassis
PlatformVW Group MLBevo
RelatedVolkswagen Touareg
Audi Q7
Audi Q8
Bentley Bentayga
Lamborghini Urus
Powertrain
EnginePetrol:
3.0 L Audi V6 Turbo FSI
2.9 L Audi V6 Twin-turbo FSI
4.0 L Audi-Porsche V8 Twin-turbo
Transmission8-speed automatic

The third-generation Porsche Cayenne was revealed online on August 29, 2017 as a 2019 model, based on the Volkswagen Group MLB platform.[32]

Safety[edit]

Euro NCAP test results
Porsche Cayenne, Large Off-Road (2017)[33]
Test Points %
Overall: 5 /5 stars
Adult occupant: 36.2 95%
Child occupant: 39.6 80%
Pedestrian: 30.8 73%
Safety assist: 7.5 62%

Engines[edit]

All engines of the third generation models are turbocharged.[32]

Model Production period Engine Power (PS, torque)@rpm Emissions CO2
Cayenne 2019- 2,995 cc (3.0 L; 182.8 cu in) turbo V6 340 PS (250 kW; 335 hp)@5300-6400, 450 N⋅m (332 lb⋅ft)@1340-5300 205 g/km
Cayenne E-Hybrid 2019- 2,995 cc (3.0 L; 182.8 cu in) turbo V6 PHEV 462 PS (340 kW; 456 hp)@5300-6400, 700 N⋅m (516 lb⋅ft)@1340-5300 78-72 g/km
Cayenne S 2019- 2,894 cc (2.9 L; 176.6 cu in) twin turbo V6 440 PS (324 kW; 434 hp)@5700-6600, 550 N⋅m (406 lb⋅ft)@1800-5500 209 g/km
Cayenne Turbo 2019- 3,996 cc (4.0 L; 243.9 cu in) twin turbo V8 550 PS (405 kW; 542 hp)@5750, 770 N⋅m (568 lb⋅ft)@1960 272-267 g/km
Cayenne Turbo S E-Hybrid 2019- 3,996 cc (4.0 L; 243.9 cu in) twin turbo V8 PHEV 680 PS (500 kW; 671 hp)@5750, 850 N⋅m (627 lb⋅ft)@1960 99 g/km

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Porsche presents the new "Made in Slovakia" Cayenne". spectator.sme.sk. 31 August 2017. Retrieved 14 January 2018.
  2. ^ "Facelifted Porsche Cayenne revealed ahead of Paris motor show launch". Autocar. 23 July 2014. Retrieved 28 July 2014.
  3. ^ "2004 Porsche Cayenne Review". JB car pages. Retrieved 2011-04-03.
  4. ^ a b "2004 Porsche Cayenne Specs". JB car pages. Retrieved 2011-04-03.
  5. ^ "Porsche Cayenne GTS at the Chicago Auto Show". Automoblog.net. 2008-02-15. Archived from the original on 2008-08-28. Retrieved 2010-10-03.
  6. ^ "2008 Porsche Cayenne Specs". JB car pages. Retrieved 2011-04-03.
  7. ^ Tan, Paul. "Porsche Cayenne TDI diesel in February 2009". Paultan.org. Retrieved 2010-10-03.
  8. ^ Abuelsamid, Sam (2009-02-19). "Geneva Preview: Porsche to publicly debut Cayenne diesel". Autobloggreen.com. Retrieved 2010-10-03.
  9. ^ Nunez, Alex (2007-04-15). "Porsche Cayenne S Transsyberia: factory-built rally machine". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 2010-10-03.
  10. ^ Neff, John (2008-09-08). "Paris Preview: Porsche Cayenne S Transsyberia special edition". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 2010-10-03.
  11. ^ "New Porsche Cayenne GTS Porsche Design Edition 3". Porsche.com. 2009-03-25. Retrieved 2010-10-03.
  12. ^ Neff, John (2009-03-25). "Limited-edition Cayenne GTS Porsche Design Edition 3 to hit the streets". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 2010-10-03.
  13. ^ "ZF Technology Helps "Company Cars of the Year 2013" Gain a Podium Place". Retrieved 17 November 2013.
  14. ^ "Porsche Goes Green". Retrieved 18 May 2010.
  15. ^ "2008 Porsche Cayenne Review". JB car pages. Retrieved 2011-04-03.
  16. ^ a b c "2011 Porsche Cayenne Specs & Features". JB car pages. Retrieved 2011-04-03.
  17. ^ "2011 Porsche Cayenne Review". JB car pages. Retrieved 2011-04-03.
  18. ^ Cayenne S or Turbo? - Page 2 - MBWorld.org Forums says: (2009-03-16). "2010 Porsche Cayenne SUV - SPY SHOTS". StreetCars. Retrieved 2009-07-09.[permanent dead link]
  19. ^ "2011 Porsche Cayenne Hybrid Specs & Features". JB car pages. Retrieved 2011-04-03.
  20. ^ "Porsche Dynamic Chassis Control (PDCC) - Chassis - Cayenne Turbo - Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche AG". Porsche AG - Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche AG.
  21. ^ "Cayenne S Diesel: a measure of efficiency".
  22. ^ "2013 Porsche Cayenne Turbo S model confirmed". autoweek.com.
  23. ^ "Look: Porsche Cayenne Hybrid". Edmunds. 2007-08-06. Archived from the original on 2008-09-22. Retrieved 2010-10-03.
  24. ^ "Porsche Cayenne S Hybrid". Auto Express. 3 April 2010. Retrieved 28 July 2014.
  25. ^ "2011 Porsche Cayenne S Hybrid on Sale in November". Insideline.com. 2010-10-28. Retrieved 2011-04-24.
  26. ^ Porsche Press Release (2014-07-24). "Porsche introducing new plug-in Cayenne S E-Hybrid SUV; third plug-in from Porsche". Green Car Congress. Retrieved 2014-07-27.
  27. ^ Martin Achter (2014-07-24). "Neuer Porsche Cayenne kommt im Oktober" [New Porsche Cayenne comes in October]. KFZ-Betrieb (in German). Retrieved 2014-07-27.
  28. ^ Jay Cole (2014-12-03). "November 2014 Plug-In Electric Vehicle Sales Report Card". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 2014-12-04.
  29. ^ U. S. Environmental Protection Agency and U.S. Department of Energy (2014-12-05). "Compare Side-by-Side - 2015 Porsche Cayenne S E-Hybrid, 2015 Porsche Cayenne Diesel, 2015 Porsche Cayenne S and 2015 Porsche Cayenne Turbo". Fueleconomy.gov. Retrieved 2014-12-05.
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