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Top 10 Fastest Wagons and Shooting Brakes That Can Outrun Your Sports Car
Top 10 Fastest Wagons and Shooting Brakes That Can Outrun Your Sports Car
Published: 2018/02/21
Channel: Automotive Territory: Trending News & Car Reviews
Tesla Shooting-brake part 2 | Fully Charged
Tesla Shooting-brake part 2 | Fully Charged
Published: 2018/04/28
Channel: fullychargedshow
Tesla Model S Shooting-brake | Fully Charged
Tesla Model S Shooting-brake | Fully Charged
Published: 2017/11/12
Channel: fullychargedshow
AMG CLS 63 Shooting Brake. Niche Car Porn - /CHRIS HARRIS ON CARS
AMG CLS 63 Shooting Brake. Niche Car Porn - /CHRIS HARRIS ON CARS
Published: 2012/09/19
Channel: THE DRIVE
Mercedes CLA Shooting Brake review | TELEGRAPH CARS
Mercedes CLA Shooting Brake review | TELEGRAPH CARS
Published: 2015/11/10
Channel: Telegraph Cars
The CLS Shooting Brake test drive review | Mercedes-Benz Cars UK
The CLS Shooting Brake test drive review | Mercedes-Benz Cars UK
Published: 2015/10/05
Channel: Mercedes-Benz Cars UK
Mercedes-Benz CLA 200d Shooting Brake im Test mit Habby
Mercedes-Benz CLA 200d Shooting Brake im Test mit Habby
Published: 2017/07/29
Channel: Autohub
BRABUS 850 6.0 Biturbo CLS Shooting Brake - Brutal SOUNDS!
BRABUS 850 6.0 Biturbo CLS Shooting Brake - Brutal SOUNDS!
Published: 2015/06/10
Channel: Gumbal
Trying The Mercedes CLS63 AMG Shooting Brake - Fifth Gear
Trying The Mercedes CLS63 AMG Shooting Brake - Fifth Gear
Published: 2016/07/28
Channel: Fifth Gear
Mercedes CLS Shooting Brake.Тест-Драйв.Anton Avtoman
Mercedes CLS Shooting Brake.Тест-Драйв.Anton Avtoman
Published: 2018/06/08
Channel: Антон Воротников
Mercedes CLA Shooting Brake - Erster Fahrbericht
Mercedes CLA Shooting Brake - Erster Fahrbericht
Published: 2015/03/06
Channel: AUTO BILD
Mit JP Performance den CLA Shooting Brake von Mercedes-Benz erleben
Mit JP Performance den CLA Shooting Brake von Mercedes-Benz erleben
Published: 2017/04/20
Channel: Mercedes-Benz Deutschland
Onthulling - One-off Tesla Model S Shooting Brake
Onthulling - One-off Tesla Model S Shooting Brake
Published: 2018/05/31
Channel: AutoWeek
Mercedes CLS Shooting Brake estate 2013 review - CarBuyer
Mercedes CLS Shooting Brake estate 2013 review - CarBuyer
Published: 2013/02/11
Channel: Carbuyer
Mercedes-Benz CLA 250 Shooting Brake 試駕:獨領風騷的獵人
Mercedes-Benz CLA 250 Shooting Brake 試駕:獨領風騷的獵人
Published: 2015/09/17
Channel: 行車紀錄趣
Toyota GT86 Shooting Brake Hatchback Concept Revealed In Australia
Toyota GT86 Shooting Brake Hatchback Concept Revealed In Australia
Published: 2016/05/06
Channel: santino lee
Mazda MX-5 Shooting brake
Mazda MX-5 Shooting brake
Published: 2018/03/09
Channel: Rain Prisk
Mercedes Benz CLA Shooting Brake 2015 - Большой тест-драйв
Mercedes Benz CLA Shooting Brake 2015 - Большой тест-драйв
Published: 2016/02/05
Channel: Большой тест-драйв
Kult - Aston Martin Lagonda Shooting Brake | Motor mobil
Kult - Aston Martin Lagonda Shooting Brake | Motor mobil
Published: 2014/02/04
Channel: DW Deutsch
Aston Martin Rapide ESTATE driven (Bertone Jet 2+2 Shooting Brake) - autocar.co.uk
Aston Martin Rapide ESTATE driven (Bertone Jet 2+2 Shooting Brake) - autocar.co.uk
Published: 2013/06/04
Channel: Autocar
2017 Mercedes Benz CLA 220d Shooting Brake (177 HP) TEST DRIVE
2017 Mercedes Benz CLA 220d Shooting Brake (177 HP) TEST DRIVE
Published: 2017/08/20
Channel: TEST DRIVE FREAK
Mercedes Benz CLA 45 AMG Shooting Brake Probefahrt Test Auspuff Sound | CLA AMG Probefahrt
Mercedes Benz CLA 45 AMG Shooting Brake Probefahrt Test Auspuff Sound | CLA AMG Probefahrt
Published: 2017/07/03
Channel: 83metoo
2018 Mercedes AMG CLA 45 Shooting Brake POV TEST DRIVE by AutoTopNL
2018 Mercedes AMG CLA 45 Shooting Brake POV TEST DRIVE by AutoTopNL
Published: 2017/12/22
Channel: AutoTopNL
Im Test: Mercedes-Benz CLA 200 Shooting Brake - The ProbefahrtBlog
Im Test: Mercedes-Benz CLA 200 Shooting Brake - The ProbefahrtBlog
Published: 2015/07/04
Channel: The Probefahrt Blog
Осмотр Mercedes Benz CLS 500 4Matic Shooting Brake
Осмотр Mercedes Benz CLS 500 4Matic Shooting Brake
Published: 2017/01/25
Channel: Denis Rem
2015 Mercedes-AMG CLA 45 Shooting Brake - by Autovisie TV
2015 Mercedes-AMG CLA 45 Shooting Brake - by Autovisie TV
Published: 2015/03/11
Channel: Autovisie
Mercedes CLA Shooting Brake, "abbasso" la station | Salone di Ginevra 2015
Mercedes CLA Shooting Brake, "abbasso" la station | Salone di Ginevra 2015
Published: 2015/03/06
Channel: Motor1 Italia
Mercedes AMG CLA 45 Shooting Brake LOOKS SOUND & DRIVE by AutoTopNL
Mercedes AMG CLA 45 Shooting Brake LOOKS SOUND & DRIVE by AutoTopNL
Published: 2018/01/13
Channel: AutoTopNL
Mercedes CLS Shooting Brake 2013 review - Car Keys
Mercedes CLS Shooting Brake 2013 review - Car Keys
Published: 2013/06/13
Channel: Car Keys UK
Mercedes-Benz CLA Shooting Brake 200 1.6 156 KM, 2015 - test AutoCentrum.pl #233
Mercedes-Benz CLA Shooting Brake 200 1.6 156 KM, 2015 - test AutoCentrum.pl #233
Published: 2015/10/31
Channel: AutoCentrum.pl
2015 MB CLA 250 4MATIC Shooting Brake OrangeArt Edition (X117) - Kaufberatung, Test, Review
2015 MB CLA 250 4MATIC Shooting Brake OrangeArt Edition (X117) - Kaufberatung, Test, Review
Published: 2015/03/13
Channel: Ausfahrt.tv
【新聞58】Mercedes-Benz CLA Shooting Brake 獵跑家族添戰力
【新聞58】Mercedes-Benz CLA Shooting Brake 獵跑家族添戰力
Published: 2015/04/13
Channel: 行車紀錄趣
Ferrari GTC4Lusso - Ultimate Shooting Brake
Ferrari GTC4Lusso - Ultimate Shooting Brake
Published: 2016/03/03
Channel: YOUCAR
Nuevo Tesla Model S Station Wagon (Familiar, Ranchera, Estate, Shooting Brake...)
Nuevo Tesla Model S Station Wagon (Familiar, Ranchera, Estate, Shooting Brake...)
Published: 2018/01/26
Channel: Saul Lopez
Essai Mercedes CLA Shooting Brake / Une belle gueule, et après ?
Essai Mercedes CLA Shooting Brake / Une belle gueule, et après ?
Published: 2015/08/21
Channel: Abcmoteur
Mercedes-Benz CLS 400 Shooting Brake 試駕
Mercedes-Benz CLS 400 Shooting Brake 試駕
Published: 2015/02/07
Channel: 行車紀錄趣
RemetzCar Shooting Brake
RemetzCar Shooting Brake
Published: 2018/05/28
Channel: RemetzCar
Totalcar: Mercedes-Benz CLS Shooting Brake  720p
Totalcar: Mercedes-Benz CLS Shooting Brake 720p
Published: 2014/11/08
Channel: Mustang Elenor
Tesla Shooting Brake by Niels van Roij Design
Tesla Shooting Brake by Niels van Roij Design
Published: 2018/07/10
Channel: LouwmanExclusiveCars
2018 Mercedes-Benz CLA 200d Shooting Brake - Exterior and Interior - Salon Madrid Auto 2018
2018 Mercedes-Benz CLA 200d Shooting Brake - Exterior and Interior - Salon Madrid Auto 2018
Published: 2018/06/05
Channel: Automobile Classics
Audi RS6 v Mercedes CLS 63 AMG Shooting Brake: Super Wagons. - /CHRIS HARRIS ON CARS
Audi RS6 v Mercedes CLS 63 AMG Shooting Brake: Super Wagons. - /CHRIS HARRIS ON CARS
Published: 2013/08/07
Channel: THE DRIVE
2013 Mercedes-Benz CLS Shooting Brake review - What Car?
2013 Mercedes-Benz CLS Shooting Brake review - What Car?
Published: 2013/01/25
Channel: What Car?
JP testet - Mercedes CLS AMG Shooting Brake
JP testet - Mercedes CLS AMG Shooting Brake
Published: 2013/07/28
Channel: AutoManiac
Mercedes CLA 45 AMG Shooting Brake: Test 2015 - Fahrbericht
Mercedes CLA 45 AMG Shooting Brake: Test 2015 - Fahrbericht
Published: 2015/04/07
Channel: Motorvision
2019 Peugeot 508 Station Wagon - French Shooting Brake?
2019 Peugeot 508 Station Wagon - French Shooting Brake?
Published: 2018/06/09
Channel: CarFaction
Mercedes CLA 180 Shooting Brake im Test | Autotest 2015 | ADAC
Mercedes CLA 180 Shooting Brake im Test | Autotest 2015 | ADAC
Published: 2015/06/16
Channel: ADAC
Mercedes Benz CLA 220d Shooting Brake detailed review, sound and drive
Mercedes Benz CLA 220d Shooting Brake detailed review, sound and drive
Published: 2016/02/25
Channel: Speed Review
Mercedes-Benz CLA Shooting Brake — комментарий к тесту
Mercedes-Benz CLA Shooting Brake — комментарий к тесту
Published: 2015/03/20
Channel: DRIVE.RU
HONEST REVIEW OF MERCEDES CLA 180 SHOOTING BRAKE 120bhp
HONEST REVIEW OF MERCEDES CLA 180 SHOOTING BRAKE 120bhp
Published: 2016/08/24
Channel: Marks Honest Reviews
Mercedes CLA Shooting Brake   essai auto center be
Mercedes CLA Shooting Brake essai auto center be
Published: 2015/03/30
Channel: Patrick Hayot
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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1910 Rolls-Royce Silver Ghost Shooting Brake

A shooting-brake is a car body style that has evolved through several distinct meanings over its history.

"Shooting-brake" originated as an early 19th century British term[1] for a vehicle used to carry shooting parties[2] with their equipment and game. The etymology of the term brake is uncertain;[3] initially a chassis used to break in horses, and subsequently used to describe a motorized vehicle. It is also possible, that the word 'brake' has its origins in the Dutch word 'brik' which means 'cart' or 'carriage'.[citation needed]

The term was later applied to custom-built wagons by high-end coachbuilders and subsequently became synonymous with a station wagon or estate car.[4][5][6][7][8]

In contemporary usage, the term shooting-brake has broadened to include a range of vehicles from five-door station wagons — to three-door models combining features of a wagon and a coupé.

In 2006, The New York Times said the shooting-brake was conceived "to take gentlemen on the hunt with their firearms and dogs."[9] and "although [its] glory days came before World War II, and it has faded from the scene in recent decades, the body style is showing signs of a renaissance as automakers seek to invent (or reinvent) new kinds of vehicles for consumers constantly on the hunt for the next new thing."[9]

In 2014, Lawrence Ulrich of the New York Times said the shooting-brake is "essentially a two-door station wagon."[10]

Etymology and historic examples[edit]

A brake was originally a robust carriage chassis hooked to spirited horses to "break" them.[6]

Going in — old style 1903
(New York Fish and Game Commission)

A shooting-brake became a variation of a wagonette—a vehicle with longitudinal seats in rows with either a rear door or side doors—provided with game and gun racks and accommodation for ammunition.[11]

Early examples include Albion Motor Car Company's shooting-brake, described in the weekly magazine The Commercial Motor as having "seats for eight persons as well as the driver, whilst four guns and a large supply of cartridges, provisions baskets and a good 'bag' can be carried."[12]

The 1912 Hudson Model 33 (described in the book, American Cars in Prewar England: A Pictorial Survey) "could be used for collecting people and luggage from the station (thus as a station wagon), it was also used to carry the beaters to and from the location of the shoot, and for bringing back the game shot.[13]

Early motorized safari vehicles were described as shooting-brakes with no windows or doors. "Instead roll-down canvas curtains were buttoned to the roof in the case of bad weather. These cars were heavy and comfortable in good weather and allowed quick and silent exit as no shooting was permitted from the vehicles."[14]

Later usage and examples[edit]

The term shooting-brake was subsequently applied to custom-built luxury estate cars altered for use by hunters and other sportsmen. The New York Times said "the most famous shooting brakes had custom two-door bodies fitted to the chassis of pedigreed cars,"[9] citing Bentley and Rolls-Royce as examples.

By the 1930s the term 'estate car' was coined to describe a vehicle that could still carry a shooting party, yet at the same time be perfectly suitable for ferrying guests and their luggage to and from railway stations.[15]

The 2006 editions of The Chambers Dictionary define the term shooting-brake as an archaic term for estate, or station wagon.[7][8]

In France, a station wagon is marketed as a break, once having been called a break de chasse, literally translated: hunting break.

Contemporary usage and examples[edit]

Volvo 1800ES (1972–1973)
Ferrari FF (2011)
Audi Shooting Brake Concept (2005)

In 2006, The New York Times described a shooting-brake as "a sleek wagon with two doors and sports-car panache, its image entangled with European aristocracy, fox hunts and baying hounds,"[9] In 2011, Top Gear described a shooting-brake as "a cross between an estate and a coupé".[16]

Automotive designer Peter Horbury described the contemporary three-door shooting-brake, saying

it is not your basic two-door hatchback, a body style with different proportions: the hatchback tends to be squatty, while a shooting brake is sleek and has "a very interesting profile." It makes use of the road space it covers a little better than a normal coupé, and also helps the rear person with headroom. Especially in America, every member of the family has their own car. The occasional use of the rear seat means you can do one of these cars, even if such a wagon lacks the everyday practicality of four doors.[9]

This trend was apparent by 1960, when Sunbeam marketed a limited-production three-door variant of its two-door open sports car, the Alpine, with leather interior and walnut trim, selling at a price double its open counterpart and marketed as a shooting-brake.[17]

Between 1965 and 1967 a limited number of variants, marketed as shooting-brakes, were custom manufactured by coachbuilder Harold Radford, based on the Aston Martin DB5, DB6 and DBS.[18] Aston Martin itself later manufactured in-house a limited production shooting-brake variant of its Virage/Vantage.[19]

Other three-door cars combining elements of a wagon and coupé have been described but were never formally marketed as shooting-brakes, including the Reliant Scimitar GTE (1968–1975),[20] Volvo P1800 ES (1972–1973),[21][22][23] Volvo 480 (1986–1995) and Volvo C30 (2006–2013).[9] Torque magazine said the Mini Clubman (2008–) is "essentially a shooting-brake design."[24]

In 2004, Chevrolet presented its Chevrolet Nomad concept, which the New York Times described as "fitting the formula"[9] of a contemporary shooting-brake,[9] and in 2005 Audi presented a Shooting Brake concept at the Tokyo Motor Show. The 2006 Renault Altica concept was described as a shooting brake. In 2011, The New York Times described the newly introduced Ferrari FF as a shooting-brake.[25][26]

The BMW M Coupe and Z3 Coupe (1998–2002), the fixed roof variants of the BMW M Roadster and Z3 are described as shooting brakes.[27][28][29][30][31][32][33][34]

In 1999, Popular Mechanics presented a 2001 Jaguar five-door wagon variant of its S-Type, saying the term shooting-brake was interchangeable with station wagon.[35]

In 2005, Chrysler, at the time Daimler-Chrysler, introduced the Dodge Magnum as a five-door station wagon, saying it had a "shooting-brake profile".[36][37] At the time of its introduction, a journalist commented that the Magnum looked "like a European 'shooting brake' custom fabricated for a car nut like the Sultan of Brunei's kid brother."[38]

The Mercedes-Benz CLS-Class (W218) Shooting Brake concept was displayed at the 2010 Auto China, and became a production model in 2012.[39]

In 2011, Fisker presented the Surf concept car at the Frankfurt Motor Show—a four-door plug-in hybrid described by Automobile as a shooting-brake.[40]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Richard Tames (2007). The Victorian and Edwardian Sportsman. Shire Publications, Ltd. Retrieved 4 November 2011. 
  2. ^ Tames, Richard (4 March 2008). "The Victorian and Edwardian Sportsman". Bloomsbury USA – via Google Books. 
  3. ^ 1. A large carriage-frame (having two or four wheels) with no body, used for breaking in young horses. 1831 J. C. Loudon Encycl. Agric. (ed. 2) 1002 The training of coach-horses commences with‥driving in a brake or four-wheeled frame. 1865 Derby Mercury 1 Mar., A horse-breaker's drag, or brake, with two horses harnessed to it. Etymology uncertain. Oxford English Dictionary Online, Oxford University Press 2011.
  4. ^ Automobile quarterly, Princeton Institute for Historic Research, 22 (1), p. 1931, 1984, If milord had it in mind to do a bit of hunting, he and his guns would then be transported to the shooting site in a "brake" (the English term originally applied to horse-drawn wagons). Being somewhat logical, the British determined that if a brake was used for shooting purposes it might well be named "shooting brake." However, the term fell into common parlance and eventually became a generic label...  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  5. ^ a b Hartford, Bill (February 1969). "Sizing up the 1969 Station Wagons". Popular Mechanics: 104. 
  6. ^ a b The Chambers Dictionary, Edition. Allied Chambers (India). p. 1295. 
  7. ^ a b Chambers 21st Century Dictionary. Allied Chambers (India). p. 1295. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h Diem, William (26 November 2006). "The Shooting Brake Makes a Comeback". The New York Times. 
  9. ^ "It's an Audi Shooting Brake and a Plug-In". The New York Times, LAWRENCE ULRICH JAN. 13, 2014. 
  10. ^ Terry, Christopher William (1914). Motor Body-building in all its Branches. London: E. & F.N. Spon Limited. p. 6. 
  11. ^ The Edinburgh Show. The Commercial Motor. 30 January 1908. p. 475. 
  12. ^ American Cars in Prewar England: A Pictorial Survey. McFarland & Company. 2004. 
  13. ^ Herne, Brian (1999). White Hunters: The Golden Age of African Safaris. Henry Holt and Company. p. 174. 
  14. ^ Peck, Colin (May 2008). British Woodies: From the 1920s to the 1950s. Veloce Publishing Limited. p. 5. 
  15. ^ "Four-wheel-drive Ferrari shooting brake revealed". 
  16. ^ Spencer, Ian. "The 1960 Sunbeam Alpine Shooting Brake Estate Wagon". SunbeamAlpine.org. 
  17. ^ Cottingham, Tim (9 July 2008). "Aston Martin DB5 Shooting Brake by Harold Radford (1965–1967)". Aston Martins.com. 
  18. ^ "Aston Martin DB5 Radford Shooting Brake Estate August 1972". 
  19. ^ Lieberman, Johny (25 July 2007). "Reliant Scimitar and Friends". Jalopnik. 
  20. ^ Viehmann, Sebastian (2 April 2011). "Volvo P1800: A Swedish fairy-tale". Motormedia.de. MV Media. [permanent dead link]
  21. ^ Joslin, Tom (9 January 2011). "Found Off the Street: 1973 Volvo P1800ES". Jalopnik. Gawker.com. 
  22. ^ Fowle, Stuart (29 October 2009). "Hindsight: Looking Back on Volvo's Quirky 1800ES". Kilometer Magazine. Vortex Media Group. Archived from the original on 29 September 2014. 
  23. ^ A New Kind of Club. Torque Magazine. October 2007. 
  24. ^ Jonathon Shultz (21 January 2011), Ferrari FF, an All-Wheel-Drive Shooting Brake 
  25. ^ "2004 Chevrolet Nomad Concept - Supercars.net". 30 March 2016. 
  26. ^ "Shooting brake intrigue". 5 November 2009. 
  27. ^ "Classifieds' Car Of The Day: Brutal BMW M Coupe". 
  28. ^ Productions, Petrolicious. "Saam and the BMW M Coupe – Petrolicious". 
  29. ^ Lieberman, Jonny. "The Jalopnik Fantasy Garage: First-Generation BMW M Coupe". 
  30. ^ "Capsule Review: 1999 BMW Z3 M Coupe". 7 September 2010. 
  31. ^ Rogers, Cameron (1 June 2013). "Future Classics: BMW M Coupé". 
  32. ^ "Forza Motorsport 4 – Cars". 
  33. ^ Janx38. "A Clownshoe Crashcourse and Why It'll be the next E30 M3 (just better)". 
  34. ^ The 2001 Jaguar S-Type Estate. Popular Mechanics. August 1999. p. 50. 
  35. ^ Ackerson, Robert (2005). Chrysler 300 Series: Pedigree, Power and Performance Since 1955. Veloce Publishing. p. 190. 
  36. ^ "2006 Dodge Magnum". Worldcarfans.com. Archived from the original on 8 September 2012. 
  37. ^ "Unattractive and Overhyped: The new Chrysler 300". About.com. Archived from the original on 18 September 2005. 
  38. ^ "2013 Mercedes-Benz CLS-class Shooting Brake". Car and Driver. June 2012. Retrieved 21 August 2014. 
  39. ^ Nordlicht, Donny (13 September 2011). "AUTO SHOWS: First Look: Fisker Surf Concept". Automobile Magazine. 

External links[edit]

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