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A typical 6-abreast cross-section
Narrow-body Boeing 737 in front of a Boeing 777 wide-body

A narrow-body aircraft or single-aisle aircraft is an airliner arranged along a single aisle permitting up to 6-abreast seating in a cabin below 4 metres (13 ft) of width. In contrast, a wide-body aircraft is a larger airliner usually configured with multiple aisles and a fuselage diameter of more than 5 metres (16 ft) allowing at least seven-abreast seating and often more travel classes.

Capacity[edit]

280 seat Thomas Cook Boeing 757-300[1]

The highest seating capacity of a narrow-body aircraft is 295 passengers in the Boeing 757–300, while wide-body aircraft can accommodate between 250 and 600 passengers.

2-abreast aircraft seats typically 4 to 19 passengers, 3-abreast 24 to 45, 4-abreast 44 to 80, 5-abreast 85 to 130, 6-abreast 120 to 230.[2] For the flight length, medium-haul aircraft are typically the Airbus A320 and Boeing 737, while regional airliners typically cover short haul.

Market[edit]

Historically, beginning in the late 1960s and continuing through the 1990s, twin engine narrow-body aircraft, such as the Boeing 737 Classic, McDonnell-Douglas MD-80 and Airbus A320 were primarily employed in short to medium-haul markets requiring neither the range nor the passenger-carrying capacity of that period's wide-body aircraft.[3][not in citation given]

The re-engined B737 MAX and A320neo jets offer 500 miles more range, allowing them to operate the 3,000 miles transatlantic flights between the eastern U.S. and Western Europe, previously dominated by wide-body aircraft. Norwegian Air Shuttle, JetBlue Airways and TAP Portugal will open up direct routes bypassing airline hubs for lower fares between cheaper, smaller airports. The B737NG 3,300-mile range is insufficient for fully laden operations and operate at reduced capacity like the A318, while the Airbus A321LR could replace the less fuel efficient B757s used since its production end in 2004.[4]

Boeing will face competition and pricing pressure from the Embraer E-Jet E2 family, Airbus A220 (formerly Bombardier CSeries) and Comac C919.[5]

Between 2016 and 2035, Flightglobal expects 26,860 single-aisles to be delivered for almost $1380 billion, 45% Airbus A320 family ceo and neo and 43% Boeing 737 NG and max.[6] By June 2018, there was 10,572 Airbus A320neo and Boeing 737 MAX orders: 6,068 Airbuses (57%, 2,295 with CFMs, 1,623 with PWs and 2,150 with not yet decided engines) and 4,504 Boeings (43%); 3,446 in Asia-Pacific (33%), 2,349 in Europe (22%), 1,926 in North America (18%), 912 in Latin America (9%), 654 in Middle East (6%), 72 in Africa (1%) and 1,213 not yet bounded (11%).[7]

Common narrow-body aircraft types[edit]

Six-abreast cabin[edit]

Type Country Production Fuselage Cabin Max. seats Engines
Airbus A320 family[8] EU 1986–present 395 cm (156 in) 370 cm (146 in) 236 2×turbofan
Airco DH 121[a] UK 1962–1978 344 cm (135 in) 180 3 or 4 turbofan
Boeing 707/Boeing 720[10] USA 1958–1979 376 cm (148 in) 354 cm (139 in) 219 4×turbojet or 4xturbofan
Boeing 727[11] USA 1963–1984 376 cm (148 in) 356 cm (140 in) 189 3×turbofan
Boeing 737[12] USA 1966–present 376 cm (148 in) 354 cm (139 in) 220 2×turbofan
Boeing 757[13] USA 1981–2004 376 cm (148 in) 354 cm (139 in) 295 2×turbofan
Bristol Britannia UK 1952–1960 139 4×turboprop
Comac C919[citation needed] CN 2016–present 396 cm (156 in) 390 cm (154 in) 174 2×turbofan
Dassault Mercure[citation needed] FR 1971–1975 390 cm (154 in) 162 2×turbofan
Douglas DC-8[14] USA 1958–1972 373 cm (147 in) 353 cm (139 in) 269 4×turbojet or 4×turbofan
Ilyushin Il-62 USSR/RU 1963–1995 186 4×turbofan
Irkut MC-21[15] RU 2017–present 406 cm (160 in) 381 cm (150 in) 230 2×turbofan
Lockheed L-188 Electra USA 1957–1961 98 4×turboprop
Tupolev Tu-114[16][b] USSR 1958–1963 420 cm (165 in) 220 4×turboprop
Tupolev Tu-154[17] USSR/RU 1968–2013 380 cm (150 in) 180 3×turbofan
Tupolev Tu-204[citation needed] RU 1990–present (limited production only) 380 cm (150 in) 357 cm (141 in) 215 2×turbofan
Tupolev Tu-334 RU 1999–2009 102 2×turbofan
Vickers VC10[18] UK 1962–1970 375 cm (148 in) 151 4×turbofan

Five-abreast cabin[edit]

Type Country Production Fuselage width Cabin width Max. seats Engines
Airbus A220 EU/CAN 2012 - present 350 cm (138 in)[19] 328 cm (129 in) 160 2×turbofan
Antonov 148 UKR 2002 - present 315 cm (124 in) 99 2×turbofan
BAC One-Eleven UK 1963–1989 320 cm (126 in) 119 2×turbofan
Boeing 377 Stratocruiser USA 1947–1963 114 4×piston engine
British Aerospace 146[c] UK 1987–2001 350 cm (138 in) 342 cm (135 in) 112 4×turbofan
Comac ARJ21 CN 2007 - present 314 cm (124 in) 105 2×turbofan
Convair 880 USA 1959–1962 325 cm (128 in) 110 4×turbojet
Convair 990 USA 1961–1963 325 cm (128 in) 149 4×turbofan
DC-9/MD-80/MD-90/B717 USA 1965–2006 340 cm (134 in) 172 2×turbofan
de Havilland Comet UK 1949–1964 81 4×turbojet
Douglas DC-4 USA 1942–1947 80 4×piston engine
Douglas DC-6 USA 1946–1958 89 4×piston engine
Douglas DC-7 USA 1953–1958 95 4×piston engine
Fokker F28/Fokker 70/Fokker 100 NL 1967–1997 330 cm (130 in) 122 2×turbofan
Ilyushin Il-18 USSR 1957–1985 350 cm (138 in) 120 4×turboprop
Lockheed Constellation USA 1943–1958 109 4×piston engine
Sud Aviation Caravelle FR 1958–1972 80 2×turbojet
Sukhoi Superjet 100 RU 2007 - present 335 cm (132 in) 323 cm (127 in) 108 2×turbofan
Tupolev Tu-144[22] USSR 1963–1983 140 4×turbojet
Vickers Viscount UK 1948–1963 75 4×turboprop

Four-abreast cabin[edit]

Type Country Production Fuselage Cabin Max. seats Engines
Antonov An-24 USSR 1959–1979 50 2×turboprop
ATR 42/ATR 72|[23] FR/IT 1984–present 280 cm (110 in) 257 cm (101 in) 78 2×turboprop
Bombardier CRJ CAN 1991—present 270 cm (106 in) 255 cm (100 in) 104 2×turbofan
Bombardier Dash 8 CAN 1983–present 270 cm (106 in) 252 cm (99 in) 90 2×turboprop
Concorde FR/UK 1965–1979 128 4×turbojet
Convair CV-240 USA 1947–1954 40 2×piston engine
Douglas DC-3[24] USA 1936–1942, 1950 250 cm (98 in) 27 2×piston engine
Embraer E-Jet/E-Jet E2[25] BR 2001–present 301 cm (119 in) 274 cm (108 in) 146 2×turbofan
Fokker 50 NL 1987–1997 58 2×turboprop
Mitsubishi Regional Jet[26] JP 2017—present 276 cm (109 in) 92 2×turbofan
Tupolev Tu-124 USSR 1960–1965 270 cm (106 in) 56 2×turbofan
Tupolev Tu-134[27] USSR 1966–1984 290 cm (114 in) 271 cm (107 in)[28] 84 2×turbofan

Three-abreast cabin[edit]

Type Country Production Fuselage Cabin Max. seats Engines
BAe Jetstream 31/41 UK 1982–1997 30 2×turboprop
de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter[29] CAD 1965–1988, 2008–present 175 cm (69 in) 161 cm (63.2 in) 19 2×turboprop
Dornier Do 328 DE 1991–2000 32 2×turboprop
Embraer EMB 120[30] BR 1983–2001; built individually as of 2007 228 cm (90 in) 210 cm (83 in) 30 2×turboprop
Embraer ERJ 145 family[31] BR 1989-present 228 cm (90 in) 210 cm (83 in) 50 2×turbofan
Saab 340/Saab 2000[32] SWE 1983–1999 216 cm (85 in) 50 2×turboprop
Short Brothers Short 360 IRL 1981–1991 2×turboprop

Two-abreast cabin[edit]

Type Country Production Fuselage Cabin Max. Seats Engines
Beechcraft 1900 USA 1982–2002 19 2×turboprop
Beechcraft Model 99 USA 1968–1986 15 2×turboprop
Britten-Norman Islander UK 1965–present 9 2×piston engine
Britten-Norman Trislander UK 1970–1982 16 3×piston engine
de Havilland Dove UK 1946–1947 8–11 2×piston engine
de Havilland Heron UK 1950–1963 14–17 4×piston engine
Dornier Do 228 Germany 1981–1998, 2009–present 19 2×turboprop
Embraer EMB 110 Bandeirante Brazil 1968–1990 19 2×turboprop
Evektor EV-55 Outback Czech Republic 2011–present 9–14 2×turboprop
Fairchild Swearingen Metroliner USA 1968–2001 19 2×turboprop
GAF Nomad Australia 1975–1985 12–16 2×turboprop

Image gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ except seven-abreast for Channel Airways[9]
  2. ^ up to eight-abreast in tourist class
  3. ^ except six-abreast for some operators including CityJet[20] and Mahan Air[21]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Thomas Cook B757-300, seatguru
  2. ^ Ajoy Kumar Kundu (12 April 2010). Aircraft Design. Cambridge University Press. pp. 163–167. ISBN 1139487450. Archived from the original on 12 November 2016. Retrieved 11 November 2016.
  3. ^ "The eye of the storm". The Economist. Retrieved 2017-11-03.
  4. ^ Richard Weiss, Andrea Rothman and Benjamin D Katz (September 15, 2016), "Your next trans-Atlantic trip may be on Boeing's smallest plane, the humble 737", Bloomberg
  5. ^ Trefis stock analysis (March 6, 2014), "New Entrants Pose a Challenge to Boeing's Share of the Global Commercial Airplane Market", Forbes Great Speculations, Opinions expressed by Forbes Contributors are their own
  6. ^ "Flight Fleet Forecast's single-aisle outlook 2016–2035". Flight Global. 10 November 2016.
  7. ^ "Infographic: How is the narrowbody market-share shaping up?". Flight Global. 12 July 2018.
  8. ^ a321 specifications
  9. ^ "Variants". Shockcone.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-01-19.
  10. ^ 707 acaps
  11. ^ 727 acaps
  12. ^ 737 acaps
  13. ^ 757 acaps
  14. ^ "Commercial Aircraft of the World" (PDF). Flight. 23 November 1961.
  15. ^ MC-21 spec
  16. ^ "Tupolev Tu-114". Flight. 28 Feb 1958. p. 286.
  17. ^ tu-154 specs
  18. ^ "A Little VC10derness". vc10.net. 2017-02-26.
  19. ^ Bombardier Aerospace Commercial Aircraft Customer Support: Airport planning publication Archived 2016-09-20 at the Wayback Machine., p. 5.
  20. ^ "SeatGuru Seat Map Air France RJ-85 Avroliner". SeatGuru. Retrieved 14 July 2015.
  21. ^ "Seat Map". Mahan Air. Retrieved 14 July 2015.
  22. ^ TU-144 SS Technical Specs: Accommodation
  23. ^ "ATR 72–600 Quick view" (PDF). ATR. February 2017.
  24. ^ "Buffalo Airways Data".
  25. ^ "Embraer 195 Airport Planning Manual" (PDF). Embraer. 9 Oct 2015.
  26. ^ "MRJ Brochure" (PDF). Mitsubishi Aircraft Corporation. 2016.
  27. ^ southampton.ac.uk/~jps7/Aircraft%20Design%20Resources/Aircraft%20configuration/russian%20aircraft%20data.xls
  28. ^ en.avia.pro/blog/tu-134
  29. ^ "Twin Otter Series 400 Technical Description". Viking Air Ltd.
  30. ^ "Airport Planning Manual" (PDF). Embraer. 30 Oct 2000.
  31. ^ "Airport Planning Manual" (PDF). Embraer. 29 Jan 2007.
  32. ^ "SAAB 2000" (PDF). Saab Aircraft Leasing. 2009.

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