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Educatieve film over Stelling van Amsterdam - De Werking van een Fort
Educatieve film over Stelling van Amsterdam - De Werking van een Fort
Published: 2011/03/17
Channel: MuseionMedia
Stelling van Amsterdam
Stelling van Amsterdam
Published: 2012/01/26
Channel: Provincie Noord-Holland
Varkentje Rund 131: Stelling van Amsterdam
Varkentje Rund 131: Stelling van Amsterdam
Published: 2017/12/05
Channel: Varkentje Rund
De stelling van Amsterdam en de mobilisatie van 1914 - 1918 (1)
De stelling van Amsterdam en de mobilisatie van 1914 - 1918 (1)
Published: 2018/01/19
Channel: Peters Favorieten
Educatieve film over Stelling van Amsterdam - De routine
Educatieve film over Stelling van Amsterdam - De routine
Published: 2011/03/17
Channel: MuseionMedia
Ontdek de Stelling van Amsterdam
Ontdek de Stelling van Amsterdam
Published: 2012/04/23
Channel: stellingvanamsterdam
Stelling van Amsterdam mogelijk geen werelderfgoed meer bij aanleg A8-A9 | NH Nieuws
Stelling van Amsterdam mogelijk geen werelderfgoed meer bij aanleg A8-A9 | NH Nieuws
Published: 2017/11/23
Channel: NH Nieuws
Stelling van Amsterdam
Stelling van Amsterdam
Published: 2016/04/26
Channel: Theo den Otter
Educatieve film over Stelling van Amsterdam - De Inundatie
Educatieve film over Stelling van Amsterdam - De Inundatie
Published: 2011/03/18
Channel: MuseionMedia
Stelling van Amsterdam
Stelling van Amsterdam
Published: 2014/05/25
Channel: Theo Weidema
Stelling van Amsterdam.mpg
Stelling van Amsterdam.mpg
Published: 2012/10/20
Channel: Cultuurcompagnie
Oude & Nieuwe Hollandse Waterlinie & Stelling van Amsterdam (2018)
Oude & Nieuwe Hollandse Waterlinie & Stelling van Amsterdam (2018)
Published: 2018/01/28
Channel: Gerson Heidinga
Verhaal over de Stelling van Amsterdam, UNESCO Werelderfgoed
Verhaal over de Stelling van Amsterdam, UNESCO Werelderfgoed
Published: 2015/02/04
Channel: Provincie Noord-Holland
Fort bij Spijkerboor door Drone Stelling van Amsterdam
Fort bij Spijkerboor door Drone Stelling van Amsterdam
Published: 2016/06/25
Channel: Aerial Drone Horizon
De Stelling van Amsterdam, drinkwatervoorziening Rijkshemelvaart
De Stelling van Amsterdam, drinkwatervoorziening Rijkshemelvaart
Published: 2012/11/28
Channel: Rijkshemelvaart
Fort Uitermeer & Fort Hinderdam | Nieuwe Hollandse Waterlinie & Stelling van Amsterdam (2018)
Fort Uitermeer & Fort Hinderdam | Nieuwe Hollandse Waterlinie & Stelling van Amsterdam (2018)
Published: 2018/01/28
Channel: Gerson Heidinga
Stadsherstel en de Stelling van Amsterdam - Culturele Evenementen 2009/2010
Stadsherstel en de Stelling van Amsterdam - Culturele Evenementen 2009/2010
Published: 2011/05/12
Channel: MuseionMedia
Stelling van Amsterdam Vijfje
Stelling van Amsterdam Vijfje
Published: 2017/11/22
Channel: KoninklijkeNedMunt
Militaire voorgeschiedenis van de Stelling van Amsterdam
Militaire voorgeschiedenis van de Stelling van Amsterdam
Published: 2012/04/23
Channel: stellingvanamsterdam
Korte introductie tot de Stelling van Amsterdam
Korte introductie tot de Stelling van Amsterdam
Published: 2012/04/23
Channel: stellingvanamsterdam
Stelling van Amsterdam Vijfje
Stelling van Amsterdam Vijfje
Published: 2017/11/22
Channel: KoninklijkeNedMunt
Stelling van Amsterdam
Stelling van Amsterdam
Published: 2016/04/12
Channel: VanOnzeVerslaggever
Stelling van Amsterdam Vijfje
Stelling van Amsterdam Vijfje
Published: 2017/11/22
Channel: KoninklijkeNedMunt
Documentaire Stelling van Amsterdam (deel 1)
Documentaire Stelling van Amsterdam (deel 1)
Published: 2010/02/02
Channel: joeppuma
Fort Spijkerboor Stelling van Amsterdam
Fort Spijkerboor Stelling van Amsterdam
Published: 2017/06/25
Channel: Leguit1
#OnsNoordHolland CULTUUR - Stelling van Amsterdam
#OnsNoordHolland CULTUUR - Stelling van Amsterdam
Published: 2016/09/21
Channel: Provincie Noord-Holland
Stelling van Amsterdam: Is er iets structureel mis in Bos en Lommer?
Stelling van Amsterdam: Is er iets structureel mis in Bos en Lommer?
Published: 2017/06/29
Channel: AT5
De Stelling van Amsterdam opgeblazen
De Stelling van Amsterdam opgeblazen
Published: 2016/10/14
Channel: creolistiek
Stadsherstel en de Stelling van Amsterdam - De Kustbatterij bij Diemerdam
Stadsherstel en de Stelling van Amsterdam - De Kustbatterij bij Diemerdam
Published: 2011/05/12
Channel: MuseionMedia
Stelling van Amsterdam Vijfje
Stelling van Amsterdam Vijfje
Published: 2017/11/22
Channel: KoninklijkeNedMunt
Stelling van Amsterdam viert 20 jaar UNESCO Werelderfgoed
Stelling van Amsterdam viert 20 jaar UNESCO Werelderfgoed
Published: 2016/08/15
Channel: Provincie Noord-Holland
Stelling van amsterdam uitje Move Beyond
Stelling van amsterdam uitje Move Beyond
Published: 2014/09/17
Channel: Marco Hagebeuk
Ronde stelling van Amsterdam
Ronde stelling van Amsterdam
Published: 2015/09/27
Channel: william wortel
Alkmaar en omgeving, stelling van Amsterdam.
Alkmaar en omgeving, stelling van Amsterdam.
Published: 2011/05/24
Channel: kaaskopRick
Nico Dijkshoorn dagje stelling van Amsterdam
Nico Dijkshoorn dagje stelling van Amsterdam
Published: 2017/09/20
Channel: Govert Bosch
Wandelen langs de Stelling van Amsterdam
Wandelen langs de Stelling van Amsterdam
Published: 2014/08/19
Channel: Marjoleine van der Waal
Documentaire Stelling van Amsterdam (deel 5)
Documentaire Stelling van Amsterdam (deel 5)
Published: 2010/02/02
Channel: joeppuma
Stelling van Amsterdam - Fort bij Edam toen en nu
Stelling van Amsterdam - Fort bij Edam toen en nu
Published: 2016/07/12
Channel: Cultuurcompagnie
Hidden treasure: Stelling van Amsterdam
Hidden treasure: Stelling van Amsterdam
Published: 2013/10/31
Channel: Hidden treasures NL
Paul Moers bij AT5   Stelling van Amsterdam V&D   18 februari 2016
Paul Moers bij AT5 Stelling van Amsterdam V&D 18 februari 2016
Published: 2016/02/19
Channel: Paul Moers
Oral History training in de Waterlinie en Stelling van Amsterdam
Oral History training in de Waterlinie en Stelling van Amsterdam
Published: 2017/11/06
Channel: if then is now
Drei Welterbestätten Stelling van Amsterdam
Drei Welterbestätten Stelling van Amsterdam
Published: 2015/02/05
Channel: Provincie Noord-Holland
Stelling van Amsterdam
Stelling van Amsterdam
Published: 2011/06/09
Channel: Appiedoorn
Indieweigeraar Klaas Vonk; fragment van documentaire over Stelling van Amsterdam
Indieweigeraar Klaas Vonk; fragment van documentaire over Stelling van Amsterdam
Published: 2010/03/07
Channel: MuseionMedia
Ceremoniële Eerste Slag Stelling van Amsterdam Vijfje
Ceremoniële Eerste Slag Stelling van Amsterdam Vijfje
Published: 2017/12/14
Channel: KoninklijkeNedMunt
Fort bij Hoofddorp, UNESCO, stelling van Amsterdam, Video By: KjH4mobile
Fort bij Hoofddorp, UNESCO, stelling van Amsterdam, Video By: KjH4mobile
Published: 2012/09/22
Channel: kjh4media.com
CEREMONIËLE EERSTE SLAG
CEREMONIËLE EERSTE SLAG 'STELLING VAN AMSTERDAM' OP FORTEILAND PAMPUS
Published: 2017/12/08
Channel: De Ruiter
Nationale Landschappen - Stelling van Amsterdam
Nationale Landschappen - Stelling van Amsterdam
Published: 2012/01/26
Channel: NederlandNatuur
Stelling van Amsterdam
Stelling van Amsterdam
Published: 2014/09/30
Channel: Marco te Brömmelstroet
FC Trappist - Tour - Stelling van Amsterdam
FC Trappist - Tour - Stelling van Amsterdam
Published: 2010/06/14
Channel: ypenga
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Defence Line of Amsterdam
UNESCO World Heritage site
Stelling van Amsterdam the Netherlands.svg
Stelling van Amsterdam
Location North Holland, Utrecht, Netherlands
Criteria Cultural: (ii), (iv), (v)
Reference 759
Inscription 1996 (20th Session)
Area 14,953.3 ha (57.735 sq mi)
Website www.stelling-amsterdam.nl/english
Coordinates Coordinates: 52°22′28″N 4°53′35″E / 52.37444°N 4.89306°E / 52.37444; 4.89306
Stelling van Amsterdam is located in Netherlands
Stelling van Amsterdam
Location of Stelling van Amsterdam in Netherlands.
Fort south of Spaarndam.
Muizenfort in Muiden.
Fortifications on Pampus island.

The UNESCO World Heritage Site known as the Defence Line of Amsterdam (in Dutch named Stelling van Amsterdam, pronounced [ˌstɛlɪŋ vɑn ˌɑmstərˈdɑm]) is a 135 km ring of fortifications around Amsterdam. It has 42 forts that are 10-15 km from the centre and lowlands, which can easily be flooded in time of war.[1] The flooding was designed to give a depth of about 30 cm, too little for boats to cross. Any buildings within 1 km of the line had to be made of wood so that they could be burnt and the obstruction removed.

The Stelling van Amsterdam was constructed between 1880 and 1920. The invention of the aeroplane and tank made the forts obsolete almost as soon as they were finished. Many of the forts now are under the control of both tge town councils and the nature department. They may be visited, ideally on Monuments Day, the second Saturday in September, as entrance is free then.

Function[edit]

The Stelling van Amsterdam was primarily a defensive water line (Dutch: waterlinie). In the event of an enemy attack, large tracts of land around Amsterdam would be inundated with water, preventing the enemy from advancing. Amsterdam would function as a national redoubt or reduit, as the last stronghold of the Netherlands. Forts were built in which roads, railways or dikes crossed through the water line. At such locations, there would be no water to stop the enemy and so the forts were intended to shell the enemy.

Construction[edit]

The law for the construction of the Stelling van Amsterdam was passed in 1874, a few years after the Unification of Germany, which placed a powerful new great power on the eastern border of the Netherlands. During the planning prior to its construction, the design was already obviously outdated by modern technical advances. The invention of the high-explosive shell and the percussion fuze, which allowed ordnance to explode on impact and dislodge brick fortifications easily, necessitated a change from masonry to concrete forts. The Dutch did not have the required experience yet using and building with concrete and so extensive tests had to be performed. Concrete structures were shelled with the heaviest artillery available at that time. Further delays resulted from the fact that the sand foundations had to settle for several years before the forts could be built on them. Only in 1897 could the actual construction finally begin.

Service[edit]

The Stelling van Amsterdam has never seen combat service and the use of aircraft rendered it obsolete after World War I. It was, however, maintained and kept in service until it was decommissioned in 1963.

The dike through the Haarlemmermeer, which made it possible to flood the southern portion of the polder while the northern portion could continue to produce food for Amsterdam, is now cut by the A4 motorway. The motorway also goes under the Ringvaart at Roelofarendsveen, which makes the flooding of the Haarlemmermeer Polder and thus the future use of the Stelling no longer possible.

In 1996, the complete Stelling was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

List of forts[edit]

North front[edit]

  • Fort near Edam
  • Fort near Kwadijk
  • Fort North of Purmerend
  • Fort along Nekkerweg
  • Fort along Middenweg
  • Fort along Jisperweg
  • Fort near Spijkerboor

Northwest front[edit]

  • Fort near Marken-Binnen
  • Fort near Krommeniedijk
  • Fort along Den Ham
  • Fort near Veldhuis
  • Fort along the St.Aagtendijk
  • Fort in the Zuidwijkermeerpolder
  • Fort near Velsen
  • Coastal Fort near IJmuiden

West front[edit]

  • Fort North of Spaarndam
  • Fort South of Spaarndam
  • Fort near Penningsveer
  • Fort near the Liebrug
  • Fort along the Liede

Southwest front[edit]

  • Fort near Vijfhuizen
  • Battery along IJweg
  • Fort near Hoofddorp
  • Battery along Sloterweg
  • Fort near Aalsmeer

South front[edit]

Southeast front[edit]

  • Fort near Abcoude
  • Batteries along the Gein
  • Fort near Nigtevecht
  • Fort near Hinderdam
  • Fort Uitermeer
  • Weesp Fortress

Zuiderzee front[edit]

See also[edit]

Dutch waterlines[edit]

Other[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

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