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A Walk Around Toronto Pearson International Airport
A Walk Around Toronto Pearson International Airport
Published: 2015/09/23
Channel: Michael Jiroch
Toronto Pearson International Airport - YYZ - Terminal 1 - Video Tour - Arrival,Gates,Duty Free
Toronto Pearson International Airport - YYZ - Terminal 1 - Video Tour - Arrival,Gates,Duty Free
Published: 2017/10/06
Channel: Ankit Karbhari
9 Heavy Arrivals on Runway 23 at Toronto Pearson International Airport ᴴᴰ
9 Heavy Arrivals on Runway 23 at Toronto Pearson International Airport ᴴᴰ
Published: 2017/06/10
Channel: Alex Praglowski Aviation
The Toronto Pearson Advantage | #TravelSmarter with Air Canada
The Toronto Pearson Advantage | #TravelSmarter with Air Canada
Published: 2015/09/30
Channel: Air Canada
Toronto Pearson Airport (YYZ) arrival - video tour (Updated)
Toronto Pearson Airport (YYZ) arrival - video tour (Updated)
Published: 2018/07/06
Channel: Han Solo
Toronto Pearson Airport (YYZ) arrival - video tour
Toronto Pearson Airport (YYZ) arrival - video tour
Published: 2016/07/07
Channel: Han Solo
Helping you move through Pearson Airport security checks faster
Helping you move through Pearson Airport security checks faster
Published: 2016/06/24
Channel: Global News
Air Canada A320 Beautifully Scenic Landing at Toronto Pearson Airport!
Air Canada A320 Beautifully Scenic Landing at Toronto Pearson Airport!
Published: 2016/09/15
Channel: Nonstop Dan
Near-disaster at Pearson Airport
Near-disaster at Pearson Airport
Published: 2013/03/16
Channel: Global News
Toronto Travel Guide: Toronto Pearson International Airport Best Restaurants
Toronto Travel Guide: Toronto Pearson International Airport Best Restaurants
Published: 2017/11/10
Channel: gunnarolla
Baggage containers fly planes abort landing at Toronto Pearson International Airport during storm
Baggage containers fly planes abort landing at Toronto Pearson International Airport during storm
Published: 2018/05/05
Channel: News World
Toronto: Plane transfer and tour of Pearson International Airport - YYZ
Toronto: Plane transfer and tour of Pearson International Airport - YYZ
Published: 2018/02/28
Channel: The 4K Guy - Urban / Nature / Editorial
Toronto Pearson International Airport, terminal 3
Toronto Pearson International Airport, terminal 3
Published: 2018/05/13
Channel: Jeff Beckford
Arriving to Toronto Airport? (What to know)
Arriving to Toronto Airport? (What to know)
Published: 2017/08/17
Channel: York International
Receiving him from Toronto Pearson Airport YYZ | September Intake 2018
Receiving him from Toronto Pearson Airport YYZ | September Intake 2018
Published: 2018/07/18
Channel: The Indian Savage
RWY 23 landings Toronto Pearson Airport (1) - low approaches over Airport Rd
RWY 23 landings Toronto Pearson Airport (1) - low approaches over Airport Rd
Published: 2009/07/28
Channel: VoarVideos HD
Toronto Pearson YYZ May 20th 2018
Toronto Pearson YYZ May 20th 2018
Published: 2018/05/22
Channel: Dave Isenor
An HD Tour of Toronto Pearson Airport (YYZ), Terminal 1, E and F gates
An HD Tour of Toronto Pearson Airport (YYZ), Terminal 1, E and F gates
Published: 2013/07/22
Channel: KBurchfiel
Toronto Pearson International Airport YYZ - Terminal 1
Toronto Pearson International Airport YYZ - Terminal 1
Published: 2016/03/12
Channel: Ali Kazim
Toronto Pearson International Airport Terminal 1 E Gates
Toronto Pearson International Airport Terminal 1 E Gates
Published: 2017/10/02
Channel: TorontoPlaneSpotting
Good Friday Plane Spotting at Toronto Pearson Airport: RWY 33L/05 Action
Good Friday Plane Spotting at Toronto Pearson Airport: RWY 33L/05 Action
Published: 2018/04/21
Channel: Toronto Plane Spotter
2 planes collide at Toronto
2 planes collide at Toronto's Pearson airport
Published: 2018/01/06
Channel: CBC News
Items confiscated at Toronto Pearson Airport
Items confiscated at Toronto Pearson Airport
Published: 2015/01/29
Channel: Toronto Star
Train from Toronto Pearson International Airport (YYZ) to Toronto downtown Union Station | Ep# 1
Train from Toronto Pearson International Airport (YYZ) to Toronto downtown Union Station | Ep# 1
Published: 2017/02/24
Channel: Hipfig Travel-Channel
Victoria Day Plane Spotting at Toronto Pearson Airport: RWY 05 & 23 Action
Victoria Day Plane Spotting at Toronto Pearson Airport: RWY 05 & 23 Action
Published: 2018/06/03
Channel: Toronto Plane Spotter
Toronto Pearson FAST Moving Walkway
Toronto Pearson FAST Moving Walkway
Published: 2017/08/06
Channel: Luke Starkenburg
Survival Skills: Toronto Pearson International Airport | ILAC Arrival Survival Tips
Survival Skills: Toronto Pearson International Airport | ILAC Arrival Survival Tips
Published: 2017/10/06
Channel: ILAC International Language Academy of Canada
Automated Passport Clearance at Toronto Pearson
Automated Passport Clearance at Toronto Pearson
Published: 2013/12/04
Channel: TorontoPearson
Air Canada Boeing 787 take off from Toronto YYZ airport
Air Canada Boeing 787 take off from Toronto YYZ airport
Published: 2014/08/16
Channel: eddiehosa
Heavies in Heavy Snow at Toronto Pearson YYZ Feb. 2017
Heavies in Heavy Snow at Toronto Pearson YYZ Feb. 2017
Published: 2017/02/12
Channel: Dave Isenor
Riding Toronto Pearson International Airport LINK Train 7/3/16 (Round Trip 60 FPS)
Riding Toronto Pearson International Airport LINK Train 7/3/16 (Round Trip 60 FPS)
Published: 2016/07/05
Channel: Fan Railer
Automated Border Clearance at Toronto Pearson
Automated Border Clearance at Toronto Pearson
Published: 2013/02/20
Channel: TorontoPearson
Man trying to forcefully board Turkish Airlines at Toronto Pearson Airport
Man trying to forcefully board Turkish Airlines at Toronto Pearson Airport
Published: 2015/04/10
Channel: Vinay Saini
Union-Pearson Express (YYZ Airport - Toronto) - March 10th, 2016
Union-Pearson Express (YYZ Airport - Toronto) - March 10th, 2016
Published: 2016/03/11
Channel: Welwyn22
ONE HOUR OF PLANE SPOTTING AT TORONTO PEARSON AIRPORT: RWY 23 Landings/Takeoffs
ONE HOUR OF PLANE SPOTTING AT TORONTO PEARSON AIRPORT: RWY 23 Landings/Takeoffs
Published: 2017/12/23
Channel: Toronto Plane Spotter
Landing in Toronto Pearson International Airport
Landing in Toronto Pearson International Airport
Published: 2013/09/18
Channel: Alexander Peet
Toronto Pearson Airport 1975
Toronto Pearson Airport 1975
Published: 2013/05/13
Channel: Dana Lee
30+ MINUTES OF PLANE SPOTTING AT TORONTO PEARSON AIRPORT (YYZ)
30+ MINUTES OF PLANE SPOTTING AT TORONTO PEARSON AIRPORT (YYZ)
Published: 2016/12/10
Channel: Toronto Plane Spotter
Very windy landing in Toronto Pearson Airport (Emirates A380)
Very windy landing in Toronto Pearson Airport (Emirates A380)
Published: 2016/06/14
Channel: Alek Boisjoly
Mother Deported from Canada Toronto Pearson Airport 26 Jan 2014
Mother Deported from Canada Toronto Pearson Airport 26 Jan 2014
Published: 2014/01/27
Channel: Tamils Business Connections
50 Minutes of Plane Spotting @ Toronto Pearson Airport (YYZ)
50 Minutes of Plane Spotting @ Toronto Pearson Airport (YYZ)
Published: 2015/07/30
Channel: YQBspotting
At Arrival Terminal 3 Pearson Airport (Toronto)!
At Arrival Terminal 3 Pearson Airport (Toronto)!
Published: 2017/05/01
Channel: honeypiesweet03
Toronto Pearson Airport: Behind the Scenes!
Toronto Pearson Airport: Behind the Scenes!
Published: 2016/11/08
Channel: Toronto Plane Spotter
Air Traffic Control Tower Spotting @ Toronto Pearson Int
Air Traffic Control Tower Spotting @ Toronto Pearson Int'l May 14, 2017
Published: 2017/05/16
Channel: Toronto Pearson Aviation HD
Toronto
Toronto's Pearson International Airport (Mississauga)
Published: 2017/07/31
Channel: FlyingToWorld
Toronto Pearson Airside Tours 2017
Toronto Pearson Airside Tours 2017
Published: 2017/05/19
Channel: Boeing liu
Plaza Premium Lounge @ Toronto Pearson International Airport (YYZ)
Plaza Premium Lounge @ Toronto Pearson International Airport (YYZ)
Published: 2016/05/11
Channel: TheBakasyonistaCouple
Night Landing at Toronto Pearson International Airport
Night Landing at Toronto Pearson International Airport
Published: 2018/01/11
Channel: Lisa Laurel
How to take UberX from Toronto International Airport | Uber YYZ
How to take UberX from Toronto International Airport | Uber YYZ
Published: 2018/04/21
Channel: IgorRyltsev
BUSY DAY! Plane Spotting at Toronto Pearson Intl. Airport (YYZ): 777, 787, A310, 757 & more!
BUSY DAY! Plane Spotting at Toronto Pearson Intl. Airport (YYZ): 777, 787, A310, 757 & more!
Published: 2018/02/04
Channel: PlaneSpottingBerlin ✈ Aviation Videos
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Toronto Pearson International Airport
Aéroport international Pearson de Toronto
Toronto Pearson Airport Logo.svg
YYZ Aerial 2.jpg
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner Transport Canada
Operator Greater Toronto Airports Authority (GTAA)
Serves Greater Toronto
Location Mississauga, Ontario, Canada
Hub for
Focus city for
Time zone EST (UTC−05:00)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−04:00)
Elevation AMSL 569 ft / 173 m
Coordinates 43°40′36″N 079°37′50″W / 43.67667°N 79.63056°W / 43.67667; -79.63056Coordinates: 43°40′36″N 079°37′50″W / 43.67667°N 79.63056°W / 43.67667; -79.63056
Website www.torontopearson.com
Map
YYZ is located in Toronto
YYZ
YYZ
Location within Toronto
YYZ is located in Ontario
YYZ
YYZ
YYZ (Ontario)
YYZ is located in Canada
YYZ
YYZ
YYZ (Canada)
YYZ is located in North America
YYZ
YYZ
YYZ (North America)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
05/23 11,120 3,389 Asphalt/Concrete
06L/24R 9,697 2,956 Asphalt
06R/24L 9,000 2,743 Asphalt
15L/33R 11,050 3,368 Asphalt
15R/33L 9,088 2,770 Asphalt
Statistics (2017)
Passengers 47,130,358
Aircraft movements 465,555
Sources: Canada Flight Supplement[1]
Environment Canada[2]
Transport Canada[3]
Movements from GTAA[4]
Toronto Pearson Traffic Summary[5]

Toronto Pearson International Airport (IATA: YYZ, ICAO: CYYZ) (often referred to as Toronto Pearson, Pearson Airport, or simply Pearson) is the primary international airport serving Toronto, its metropolitan area, and surrounding region known as the Golden Horseshoe in the province of Ontario, Canada.[6] It is the largest and busiest airport in Canada,[7] the second-busiest international air passenger gateway in North America,[8] and the 30th-busiest airport in the world by passenger traffic, having served 47.1 million passengers in 2017.[9] It is named in honour of Lester B. Pearson, Nobel Peace Prize laureate and 14th Prime Minister of Canada.

Located 22.5 kilometres (14.0 mi) northwest of Downtown Toronto, the majority of Pearson Airport is situated in the city of Mississauga, with a small portion of the airfield extending into Toronto's western district of Etobicoke. The airport covers a total land area of 18.67 square kilometres (7.2 sq mi).[10]

Toronto Pearson is the main hub for Air Canada.[11] It also serves as a hub for WestJet and cargo airline FedEx Express, and as a base of operations for Air Transat and Sunwing Airlines. Pearson is operated by the Greater Toronto Airports Authority (GTAA) as part of Transport Canada's National Airports System,[12] and is one of eight airports in Canada with facilities for United States border preclearance.[13]

An extensive network of non-stop domestic flights is operated from Pearson by several airlines to all major and many secondary cities across all provinces of Canada.[14] As of 2018, over 75 airlines operate around 1,250 daily departures from Toronto Pearson to more than 180 destinations across all six of the world's inhabited continents.[15][16][17]

History[edit]

In 1937, the Government of Canada agreed to support the building of two airports in the Toronto area. One site selected was on the Toronto Islands in Downtown Toronto, which is the present-day Billy Bishop Toronto City Airport. The other site selected was an area northwest of Toronto near the town of Malton, which was originally intended to serve as an alternate to the downtown airport but instead would become its successor.[18] The first scheduled passenger flight at the Malton Airport was a Trans-Canada Air Lines DC-3 that landed on August 29, 1939.[19]

In 1958, the City of Toronto sold the Malton Airport to Transport Canada, who subsequently changed the name of the facility to Toronto International Airport.[20] The airport was officially renamed Lester B. Pearson International Airport in 1984, in honour of Lester B. Pearson, the fourteenth Prime Minister of Canada and recipient of the 1957 Nobel Peace Prize. The Greater Toronto Airports Authority (GTAA) assumed management, operation, and control of the airport in 1996, and has used the name Toronto Pearson International Airport for the facility since their acquisition.[21]

Terminals[edit]

Terminal 1 seen from the ramp

Toronto Pearson International Airport has two active public terminals, Terminal 1 and Terminal 3. Both terminals are designed to handle all three sectors of travel (domestic, transborder, and international), which results in terminal operations at Pearson being grouped for airlines and airline alliances, rather than for domestic and international routes.

A third public terminal, the Infield Terminal (IFT), currently acts as an extension of Terminal 3 providing additional bridged gates.

Terminal 1[edit]

Terminal 1 Check-in Hall
Inuksuk sculptures stand in front of the departures entrance at Terminal 1.

Measuring over 346,000 square metres (3,724,000 sq ft),[22] Terminal 1 is the largest terminal at Pearson Airport and is among the largest buildings in the world by floor space. Air Canada and all other Star Alliance airlines that serve Toronto Pearson operate out of Terminal 1. Non-alliance airline Emirates also uses the terminal.

Terminal 1 was designed by a joint venture known as Airports Architects Canada made up of Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP, Adamson Associates Architects and Moshe Safdie and Associates.[23] It contains 58 gates: D1, D3, D5, D7-D12, D20, D22, D24, D26, D28, D31–D45 (D32, D34, D36 also serve US flights and carry F designation), D51, D53, D55, D57 (also carry F designation), F60–F63, F64A–F64B, F65, F66A–F66B, F/E67–F/E81 (F68-F73 and F78-F81 serve both US and international flights but E74-E77 are international only), F91, and F93. Two of the gates, E73 and E75, can accommodate the Airbus A380.

Along with the standard customs and immigration facilities, Terminal 1 also contains special customs "B" checkpoints along the international arrivals walkway. Passengers connecting from an international or trans-border arrival to another international (non-U.S.) departure in Terminal 1 go to one of these checkpoints for passport control and immigration checks, then are immediately directed to Pier F for departure. This alleviates the need to recheck bags, pass through security screening, and relieves congestion in the primary customs hall.[24]

An 8-level parking garage with 8,400 public parking spaces (including 700 rental car spaces) [22] across from Terminal 1 is connected to the terminal by several elevated and enclosed pedestrian walkways.[20]

Terminal 1 is home to the ThyssenKrupp Express Walkway, the world's fastest moving walkway.[25]

Terminal 3[edit]

The Grand Hall of Terminal 3

Terminal 3 is a 178,000-square-metre (1,916,000 sq ft) facility designed by B+H Architects and Scott Associates Architects Inc.[26] It is used by all SkyTeam and Oneworld airlines that serve Pearson, along with Air Transat, Etihad Airways, Sunwing Airlines, WestJet and all other airlines that are unaffiliated with an airline alliance (except Emirates, which uses Terminal 1). Terminal 3 has 48 gates: A1–A6, B1a-B1d, B2a-B2b, B3-B5, B7–B20, B22 and C24–C41.

A 5-level parking garage with 3,800 public parking spaces (including 600 rental car spaces) [22] is located directly across from the terminal along with the Sheraton Hotel, both of which are connected to Terminal 3 by an elevated pedestrian walkway.[20][27]

Since June 2018, the GTAA has utilized the Infield Terminal to act as an extension of Terminal 3 to provide additional bridged gates. Passengers on flights arriving or departing from gates at the Infield Terminal are transported by bus to/from Terminal 3.[28]

Infield Terminal (IFT)[edit]

The Infield Terminal was originally built to handle traffic displaced during the development and construction of the current Terminal 1.[29] Its 11 gates (521 to 531) were opened gradually throughout 2002 and 2003,[30] and a business lounge was opened in 2005.[31][30] In 2009 the Infield Terminal (also known as the IFT) was closed for regular operations in conjunction with the official opening of the newly constructed Terminal 1, however the GTAA retained plans to reactivate the IFT for regular operations whenever necessary to accommodate seasonal or overflow demand.

Renovations were completed at the Infield Terminal in early 2018, and on June 5th, 2018 the terminal was reactivated for summer operations by the GTAA to act as an extension of Terminal 3 with the purpose of providing required additional bridged gates. Passengers are transported by bus between Terminal 3 and the Infield Terminal.[28]

The IFT is also frequently used as a location to film major motion pictures and television productions.[32]

VIP Terminal[edit]

Skyservice FBO operates an 800-square-metre (8,611 sq ft) private VIP terminal at Toronto Pearson on Midfield Road, in the infield area of the airport.[33][34] The terminal handles most private aircraft arriving and departing at Pearson, providing passenger services that include 24/7 concierge, private customs and immigration facilities, personalized catering, showers, direct handling of baggage, and VIP ground transportation services.[33][35]

Infrastructure and operations[edit]

Runways[edit]

Toronto Pearson has five runways, aligned in both the east-west direction and the north-south direction. A large network of taxiways, collectively measuring over 40 km (25 mi) in length,[36] provides access between the runways and the passenger terminals, air cargo areas, and airline hangar areas.[37]

Cockpit view of runway 06R
Number Length Width ILS Alignment
05/23 3,389.4 metres (11,120 ft) 61 metres (200 ft) Cat. IIIa (05), Cat. I (23) East-West
06L/24R 2,955.6 metres (9,697 ft) 61 metres (200 ft) Cat. IIIa (6L), Cat. I (24R) East-West
06R/24L 2,743.2 metres (9,000 ft) 61 metres (200 ft) Cat. I (both directions) East-West
15L/33R 3,368 metres (11,050 ft) 61 metres (200 ft) Cat. I (both directions) North-South
15R/33L 2,770 metres (9,088 ft) 61 metres (200 ft) Cat. I (both directions) North-South

Airfield operations[edit]

Pearson is home to Toronto Area Control Centre, one of seven Air Control Centers in Canada, all of which are operated by Nav Canada. The airport's main control tower is within the infield operations area. Pearson is one of two airports in Canada with a Traffic Management Unit (TMU) to control planes on the apron areas.[38] The TMU is located in the tower at Terminal 1.

Toronto Pearson Fire Rescue Unit 5

The Greater Toronto Airports Authority (GTAA) Fire and Emergency Service maintains 3 fire stations on the airport property, with a team of more than 80 firefighters that provide fire and rescue operations at Pearson. The fire service is equipped with 6 crash tenders as well as several pumpers, aerial ladders, and heavy rescue units.[39]

The airport's 115-member airfield maintenance unit is responsible for general maintenance and repairs at the airport, which covers a land area of 1,867 hectares (4,610 acres).[10] From mid-November to mid-April, the unit is in winter mode armed with a $38 million snow removal budget.[40] The airport employs over 94 pieces of snow clearance equipment, including 11 Vammas PSB series[40] and 4 Oshkosh HT-Series[41] snowplow units, and 14 snow melters.[42]

Pearson Airport's Central De-icing Facility is the largest in the world, servicing about 10,500 aircraft each winter.[42] The six de-icing bays can handle up to 12 aircraft at a time and take between 2 and 19 minutes per aircraft.[43]

Cargo facilities[edit]

Toronto Pearson processes over 45% of total air cargo in Canada.[44] The airport has three main cargo facilities, known as Cargo West (Infield), Cargo East (VISTA), and Cargo North (FedEx).[45]

The Cargo West facility (also known as the Infield Cargo Area) is located between runways 15L/33R and 15R/33L. It is a multi-tenant facility including three large buildings with 52,600 square metres (566,000 sq ft) of warehouse space, a common use cargo apron, vehicle parking, and a truck maneuvering area. A four-lane vehicle tunnel connects the Infield Cargo Area to the passenger terminal area of the airport.[46]

The Cargo East facility (also known as the VISTA cargo area) is located north of Terminal 3. The VISTA cargo area is a multi-tenant facility of several buildings organized in a U-shape, with 29,500 square metres (318,000 sq ft) of warehouse space and an adjacent common use cargo apron.[46]

The Cargo North facility is the Canadian hub for FedEx Express. The site occupies an area on the north side of the airport lands near runway 05/23, and is home to two buildings operated exclusively by FedEx with 32,100 square metres (346,000 sq ft) of warehouse space and a dedicated cargo apron.[46]

Other facilities[edit]

Pearson Airport has seven aircraft maintenance hangars, operated by Air Canada, Air Transat, Westjet, and the GTAA, which are used for line maintenance and routine aircraft inspections.[46] The airfield's north end has numerous hangars for personal private jets and charter aircraft, along with passenger facilities and maintenance services for them.[47]

The Greater Toronto Airports Authority maintains offices at 3111 Convair Drive, near the southeast corner of the airport. Gate Gourmet and CLS Catering Services both operate dedicated flight kitchen facilities at Pearson for airline catering services.[46] Aviation fuel (Jet A-1) is supplied by Esso Avitat and Shell Aerocentre, which are both located in the airport's infield area.[46]

The Peel Regional Police is the primary law enforcement agency at Pearson Airport. The Airport Division is based at 2951 Convair Drive, on the southern perimeter of the airport adjacent to Highway 401.[48] The Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) also maintain a Pearson Airport Detachment, which provides federal police services. The Detachment is located at 255 Attwell Drive, east of the airport in Etobicoke.[49]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

AirlinesDestinationsRefs
Aer Lingus Dublin [50]
Aeroméxico Mexico City [51]
Air Canada Amsterdam, Antigua, Aruba, Austin, Beijing–Capital, Bermuda, Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Calgary, Chicago–O'Hare, Copenhagen, Curaçao (begins October 26, 2018),[52] Delhi, Denver, Dubai–International, Dublin, Edmonton, Fort McMurray, Frankfurt, Geneva, Grand Cayman, Halifax, Hong Kong, Houston–Intercontinental, London–Heathrow, Los Angeles, Madrid, Milan–Malpensa, Montréal–Trudeau, Mumbai, Munich, New York–LaGuardia, Ottawa, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Providenciales, Regina, Rome–Fiumicino, St. John's (NL), San Francisco, Santiago de Chile, São Paulo–Guarulhos, Saskatoon, Seattle/Tacoma, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong, Sydney (AU), Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Tokyo–Haneda, Vancouver, Winnipeg, Zürich
Seasonal: Boston, Eagle/Vail, George Town/Exuma, Honolulu, Huatulco, Ixtapa–Zihuatanejo, Newark, Portland (OR), Reykjavík–Keflavík, San Juan, Shannon, Tokyo–Narita, Warsaw–Chopin, West Palm Beach
[53]
Air Canada Express Atlanta, Baltimore, Boston, Charlotte, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Columbus–Glenn, Dallas/Fort Worth, Detroit, Fredericton, Harrisburg, Hartford, Indianapolis, Jacksonville (FL), Kansas City, Kingston (ON), London (ON), Memphis, Milwaukee, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Moncton, Montréal–Trudeau, Nashville, New Orleans, Newark, North Bay, Omaha, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Raleigh/Durham, Rochester (NY), Saint John (NB), St. Louis, San Antonio, Sarnia, Sault Ste. Marie (ON), Sudbury, Sydney (NS), Syracuse, Thunder Bay, Timmins, Washington–Dulles, Washington–National, Windsor
Seasonal: Charlottetown, Gander, Mont Tremblant, Québec City, Providence (RI), Savannah
[53]
Air Canada Rouge Barbados, Barcelona, Bogotá, Budapest, Cancún, Cayo Coco, Curaçao (ends October 25, 2018), Deer Lake, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Grenada, Havana, Holguín, Kelowna, Kingston–Norman Manley, Las Vegas, Liberia, Lima, Lisbon, Mexico City, Miami, Montego Bay, Nassau, Orlando, Panama City, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Port of Spain, Puerto Plata, Puerto Vallarta, Punta Cana, Saint Lucia–Hewanorra, Samaná, San Diego, San José de Costa Rica, Santa Clara, Tampa, Varadero, Victoria
Seasonal: Abbotsford, Athens, Belize City, Berlin–Tegel, Bucharest, Cartagena, Charlottetown, Cozumel, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Kamloops, Manchester (UK), Nanaimo, Palm Springs, Porto, Prague, Québec City, St. Kitts, St. Maarten, St. Vincent–Argyle, San José del Cabo, Sarasota, Venice–Marco Polo, Zagreb
[53]
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle [54]
Air Transat Calgary, Cancún, Cayo Coco, Fort Lauderdale, Glasgow, Holguín, Lisbon, London–Gatwick, Manchester (UK), Montego Bay, Montréal–Trudeau, Orlando, Porto, Puerto Plata, Punta Cana, Samaná, Santa Clara, Vancouver, Varadero
Seasonal: Amsterdam, Athens, Barcelona, Camagüey, Cartagena, Cayo Largo, Dublin, Edmonton (begins November 5, 2018),[55] Faro, Fort-de-France, Havana, Huatulco, Lamezia Terme, La Romana, Liberia, Managua, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Puerto Vallarta, Rome–Fiumicino, Saint Lucia–Hewanorra, Santo Domingo–Las Américas, St. Maarten, San José de Costa Rica, San Juan, Tampa, Venice–Marco Polo, Zagreb
[56]
Alitalia Seasonal: Rome–Fiumicino [57]
American Airlines Dallas/Fort Worth, Los Angeles, Miami [58]
American Eagle Charlotte, Chicago–O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, New York–JFK, New York–LaGuardia, Philadelphia, Washington–National [58]
Austrian Airlines Vienna [59]
Avianca Costa Rica San Salvador [60]
Azores Airlines Lisbon, Ponta Delgada, Porto
Seasonal: Terceira
[61]
British Airways London–Heathrow
Seasonal: London–Gatwick
[62]
Brussels Airlines Brussels [63]
Caribbean Airlines Kingston–Norman Manley, Port of Spain [64]
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong [65]
China Eastern Airlines Shanghai–Pudong [66]
China Southern Airlines Guangzhou [67]
Condor Seasonal: Frankfurt [68]
Copa Airlines Panama City [69]
Cubana de Aviación Camagüey, Cayo Coco, Cayo Largo del Sur, Cienfuegos, Havana, Holguín, Santa Clara, Santiago de Cuba, Varadero [70]
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, Salt Lake City
Seasonal: Detroit, Minneapolis/St. Paul
[71]
Delta Connection Atlanta, Cincinnati, Detroit, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New York–JFK [71]
EgyptAir Cairo [72]
El Al Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion [73]
Emirates Dubai–International [74]
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa [75]
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi [76]
EVA Air Taipei–Taoyuan [77]
Flair Airlines Edmonton [78]
Fly Jamaica Airways Georgetown–Cheddi Jagan, Kingston–Norman Manley [79]
Hainan Airlines Beijing–Capital [80]
Icelandair Reykjavík–Keflavík [81]
Interjet Cancún, Mexico City [82]
Jet Airways Amsterdam, Delhi [83]
KLM Amsterdam [84]
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon [85]
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Chopin [86]
Lufthansa Frankfurt
Seasonal: Munich
[87]
Pakistan International Airlines Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore [88]
Philippine Airlines Manila [89]
Primera Air London–Stansted, Paris–Charles de Gaulle [90]
Saudia Jeddah, Riyadh [91]
Sunwing Airlines Antigua, Aruba, Cancún, Cayo Coco, Fort Lauderdale, Freeport, Holguín, Mazatlán, Montego Bay, Orlando, Puerto Plata, Puerto Vallarta, Punta Cana, Río Hato, Saint Lucia–Hewanorra, San José del Cabo, Santa Clara, St. Maarten, Varadero
Seasonal: Bonaire, Camagüey, Cozumel, Curaçao, Gander, Huatulco, Ixtapa–Zihuatanejo, Liberia, Manzanillo (Cuba), Nassau, St. John's (NL), St. Petersburg/Clearwater, Stephenville, Saint Vincent–Argyle, Vancouver
[92]
TAP Air Portugal Lisbon [93]
Turkish Airlines Istanbul–Atatürk [94]
Ukraine International Airlines Kiev–Boryspil [95]
United Airlines Chicago–O’Hare
Seasonal: Denver, Houston–Intercontinental
[96]
United Express Chicago–O'Hare, Denver, Houston–Intercontinental, Newark, Washington–Dulles [96]
WestJet Antigua, Aruba, Barbados, Bermuda, Calgary, Cancún, Cayo Coco, Charlottetown, Deer Lake, Edmonton, Fort Lauderdale, Fort McMurray, Fort Myers, Grand Cayman, Halifax, Kelowna, Kingston–Norman Manley, Las Vegas, Liberia, London–Gatwick, Los Angeles, Montego Bay, Montréal–Trudeau, Nassau, New York–LaGuardia, Orlando, Ottawa, Port of Spain, Providenciales, Puerto Plata, Puerto Vallarta, Punta Cana, Regina, Saint Lucia–Hewanorra, San José de Costa Rica, Santa Clara, St. John's (NL), St. Maarten, Samaná, Saskatoon, Tampa, Vancouver, Varadero, Winnipeg
Seasonal: Belize City, Cozumel, Curaçao, Dublin, Glasgow, Holguín, Huatulco, Mérida, Miami, Nashville, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, San Juan, Sydney (NS), Victoria
[97]
WestJet Encore Boston, Fredericton, London (ON), Moncton, Montréal–Trudeau, Nashville, Ottawa, Québec City, Sudbury (ends 27 October, 2018), Thunder Bay
Seasonal: Myrtle Beach
[97]
WOW air Reykjavík–Keflavík [98]

Cargo[edit]

AirlinesDestinationsCargo Center
Cathay Pacific Cargo Anchorage, Hong Kong, New York–JFK VISTA
Cubana Cargo Havana VISTA
FedEx Express Calgary, Edmonton, Indianapolis, Memphis, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Montréal–Mirabel, North Bay, Sault Ste. Marie (ON), Sudbury, Timmins, Vancouver, Winnipeg FedEx
Korean Air Cargo Anchorage, New York–JFK, Seoul–Incheon Cargo West
Lufthansa Cargo Frankfurt Cargo West
Turkish Airlines Cargo Chicago–O'Hare, Istanbul–Atatürk, Maastricht VISTA
UPS Airlines Louisville VISTA

Ground transportation[edit]

Rail[edit]

UP Express[edit]

A UP Express train approaching Terminal 1 station

The UP Express (Union Pearson Express) is an express airport rail link running between Pearson Airport and Union Station in Downtown Toronto. It connects to the airport at Toronto Pearson Terminal 1 station, and provides a 25-minute travel time to Union Station.[99] The first UP Express departure from Pearson to Union is at 5:27 a.m., with trains departing every 15 minutes throughout the day until the last departure to Union at 12:57 a.m., 7 days a week.[100] The full adult fare for the UP Express from Pearson to Union is C$12, with discounts available for Presto card users.[101]

Route Destination Service Times Terminals Served Schedule
Union Pearson Express
Union Pearson Express Express rail service to Union Station in Downtown Toronto with stops at Weston and Bloor. Daily

(Every 15 minutes from 05:27–00:57)

Terminal 1. Same-platform transfer at Terminal 1 Station to Link Train for Terminal 3 Station [100]

LINK Train[edit]

The LINK Train approaching Terminal 1 Station

The Link Train is an automated people mover at Pearson Airport that runs between Terminal 1, Terminal 3, and the Viscount Value Park Lot. It connects to the airport at Toronto Pearson Terminal 1 Station and Toronto Pearson Terminal 3 Station. The LINK Train is a free service that operates every 4 to 8 minutes, 24 hours a day.[102][103]

Route Destination Service Times Terminals Served Schedule
Terminal LINK Train
Terminal LINK Train People mover service between Terminal 1 Station, Terminal 3 Station, and Viscount Station Daily

(Every 4 to 8 minutes, 24-hour service)

Terminals 1 and 3. Same-platform transfer to Union Pearson Express at Terminal 1 Station [104]

Taxi[edit]

Taxicabs and limousines are available at all terminals, and are licensed by the City of Mississauga. Taxis that are licensed in Toronto can drop passengers off at Toronto Pearson, but only airport-licensed taxis and limos can pick up passengers at Toronto Pearson legally. Rides can also be prearranged, allowing for curbside pick up at either terminal.[105] Pearson Airport taxi and limousine companies use GTAA authorized out-of-town flat rates for pick-ups from Pearson Airport.[106]

Ridesharing services Uber and Lyft are also available at all terminals at Pearson Airport. Designated rideshare pickup zones are located on the Ground level of Terminal 1, and the Arrivals level of Terminal 3.[107]

Bus[edit]

Greyhound Canada operates 20 daily intercity bus service departures from Pearson Airport to the Toronto Coach Terminal in Downtown Toronto and several cities across Southern Ontario including Cambridge, Guelph, Hamilton, Kitchener, London, and Niagara Falls, as well as Buffalo, NY and Detroit, MI in the United States.[108] Greyhound Canada coaches arrive and depart from Pearson at Terminal 1.[108]

Public transit bus and coach services connecting Pearson Airport to the city of Toronto and other cities in the Greater Toronto Area are operated by the Toronto Transit Commission, GO Transit, MiWay, and Brampton Transit.[109] Fares vary depending on transit operator and destination.[110][111][112][113]

A passenger boards a TTC 300B Bloor-Danforth bus at Terminal 1
A GO Transit coach at Terminal 1
Route Destination Service Times Terminals Served Schedule
Toronto Transit Commission (TTC)
192 Airport Rocket Express service to Kipling station on the TTC - Line 2 - Bloor-Danforth line.svg Bloor–Danforth Subway Line Daily

(Every 10 minutes from 05:18–01:59 Monday to Friday, 05:41–02:34 Saturday, 07:27–02:34 Sunday)

Terminals 1 and 3 [114]
52A Lawrence West Local service along Dixon Road and Lawrence Avenue to Lawrence and Lawrence West stations on the TTC - Line 1 - Yonge-University-Spadina line.svg Yonge–University Subway Line Daily

(Every 6 to 30 minutes from 05:18–01:57 Monday to Friday, 05:20–01:57 Saturday, 05:12–01:55 Sunday)

Terminals 1 and 3 [115]
300 Bloor-Danforth Runs from the airport to Burnhamthorpe Road at Highway 427, then local service along Bloor Street and Danforth Avenue to Warden Avenue. 300B trips continue along Danforth Road and Eglinton Avenue to Kennedy station. Daily (Overnight only)

(Every 20 to 30 minutes from 02:13–04:53 Monday to Friday, 02:23–05:23 Saturday, 02:23–07:16 Sunday)

Terminals 1 and 3 [116]
332 Eglinton West Local service along Carlingview Drive and Eglinton Avenue to Yonge Street Daily (Overnight only)

(Every 30 minutes from 02:29–04:59)

Terminals 1 and 3 [117]
352 Lawrence West Local service along Dixon Road and Lawrence Avenue to Sunnybrook Hospital Daily (Overnight only)

(Every 30 minutes from 02:20–04:50)

Terminals 1 and 3 [118]
GO Transit
34 Pearson Airport-North York Express service to Yorkdale Terminal and Finch Terminal Daily

(Every 30 to 60 minutes, 24-hour service)

Terminal 1 [119]
40 Hamilton-Richmond Hill Express service to:

Eastbound: Highway 407 bus terminal and Richmond Hill Centre bus terminal. Westbound: Square One Terminal and Hamilton Terminal

Daily

(Every 30 to 60 minutes, 24-hour service)

Terminal 1 [119]
MiWay
107 Malton Express Express service along the Mississauga Transitway to:

Southbound: Mississauga City Centre Terminal. Northbound: Westwood Mall Terminal and Humber College North Campus.

Daily

(Every 8 to 20 minutes from 05:15-23:07 Monday to Friday, Every 21 minutes from 07:19-22:08 Saturday, Every 21 minutes from 07:40-22:08 Sunday)

Viscount LINK Station [120]
7 Airport Local service to:

Southbound: Mississauga City Centre Terminal. Northbound: Westwood Mall Terminal.

Daily

(Every 18 to 30 minutes from 05:18-01:48 Monday to Friday, Every 30 to 60 minutes from 05:17-00:34 Saturday, Every 40 minutes from 07:08-23:49 Sunday)

Terminal 1 [120]
24 Northwest Local service to:

Southbound: Renforth station. Northbound: Westwood Mall Terminal.

Monday to Friday (Rush hours only)

(Every 28 to 31 minutes from 05:19-10:14 in the morning, 14:50-19:45 in the afternoon)

Viscount LINK Station [120]
57 Courtneypark Local service from the airport's Infield Cargo area to:

Northbound: Meadowvale Town Centre Terminal

Southbound: Islington station on the TTC - Line 2 - Bloor-Danforth line.svg Bloor–Danforth Subway Line

Monday to Friday (Rush hours only)

(Every 31 to 36 minutes from 06:05-09:42 in the morning, 13:35-19:27 in the afternoon)

None [120]
Brampton Transit
115 Airport Express Semi-express service to Bramalea Terminal Daily

(Every 20 to 30 minutes from 05:25-00:42 Monday to Friday, 30 minutes from 05:55-23:45 Saturday, 30 to 60 minutes from 07:00-23:17 Sunday)

Terminal 1 [121]

Car[edit]

The airport is accessible from Highway 427 (just north of Highway 401) or from Highway 409, a spur off Highway 401 that leads directly into the airport. Airport Road to the north and Dixon Road to the east both provide local access to the airport.[122] When drivers pick up or drop off guests at Toronto Pearson, they are permitted to stop momentarily outside the Arrivals and Departure areas at both terminals.

Car rentals are available from several major car rental agencies located on Level 1 of the parking garages that are adjacent to both terminals.[123] Car rentals are also available from several off-airport car rental agencies located at or near Viscount Station, which is accessible from both terminals via the Link Train.[123]

Shuttles[edit]

Pearson is served by many out-of-town van and minibus shuttle operators, offering transportation from the airport to cities, towns, and villages throughout Southern Ontario.[124] Some operators offer connections to other airports in Ontario (John C. Munro Hamilton International Airport in Hamilton and London International Airport in London) and in the United States (Detroit Metropolitan Airport in Romulus, Michigan and Buffalo Niagara International Airport in Cheektowaga, New York).[124]

Proposed transit hub[edit]

In February 2017, the GTAA announced a proposed transit hub to be located across from Terminal 3 that would connect with Union Pearson Express and may connect with other transit lines extended to the airport like Line 5 Eglinton LRT and GO Transit Regional Express Rail.[125] This proposal would eliminate the Link Train connecting Terminals 1 and 3 with a bridge from the transit hub to Terminal 3 and another bridge connecting Terminal 3 to Terminal 1.[125]

Statistics[edit]

Annual traffic[edit]

Annual passenger traffic at Toronto Pearson International Airport
2003 through 2017
Year Total passengers % change Domesticc % change Transborderc % change Internationalc % change
2017[9] 47,130,358 Increase 6.3% 17,475,217 Increase 3.4% 12,855,891 Increase 6.6% 16,799,250 Increase 9.3%
2016[5] 44,335,198 Increase 8.0% 16,906,560 Increase 6.6% 12,054,296 Increase 8.1% 15,374,342 Increase 9.6%
2015[126] 41,036,847 Increase 6.4% 15,859,289 Increase 4.4% 11,154,435 Increase 6.2% 14,023,123 Increase 8.9%
2014[126] 38,571,961 Increase 6.8% 15,192,126 Increase 5.6% 10,506,070 Increase 6.8% 12,874,220 Increase 8.3%
2013[126] 36,107,306 Increase 3.4% 14,385,001 Increase 5.4% 9,838,121 Increase 3.9% 11,884,184 Increase 0.7%
2012[126] 34,911,850 Increase 4.4% 13,646,163 Increase 4.3% 9,464,858 Increase 5.4% 11,800,829 Increase 3.7%
2011[126] 33,435,277 Increase 4.7% 13,078,513 Increase 2.7% 8,979,103 Increase 4.1% 11,377,661 Increase 7.6%
2010[127] 31,936,098 Increase 5.2% 12,730,680 Increase 0.1% 8,628,851 Increase 6.9% 10,576,567 Increase 10.6%
2009[127] 30,368,339 Decrease -6.0% 12,730,047 Decrease -7.8% 8,074,027 Decrease -8.3% 9,564,265 Decrease -1.5%
2008[127] 32,334,831 Increase 2.8% 13,812,866 Increase 0.5% 8,805,898 Decrease -0.8% 9,716,067 Increase 10.1%
2007[127] 31,446,199 Increase 2.1% 13,744,155 Increase 3.3% 8,879,180 Decrease -0.3% 8,822,864 Increase 2.8%
2006[127] 30,794,581 Increase 2.9% 13,309,531 Increase 3.1% 8,906,324 Increase 1.2% 8,578,726 Increase 4.6%
2005[127] 29,914,750 Increase 4.5% 12,906,457 Increase 2.1% 8,803,505 Increase 4.5% 8,204,788 Increase 8.6%
2004[127] 28,615,981 Increase 15.7% 12,636,748 Increase 14.6% 8,422,537 Increase 15.1% 7,556,696 Increase 18%
2003[127] 24,739,312  –––– 11,021,760  –––– 7,316,287  –––– 6,401,265  ––––

Notes
  • ^c : At Toronto Pearson and at other airports in Canada with United States border preclearance, a distinction is made between "transborder" and "international" flights for operational and statistical purposes. A "transborder" flight is a flight between Canada and a destination in the United States, while an "international" flight is a flight between Canada and a destination that is not within the United States or Canada. A "domestic" flight is a flight within Canada only.

Incidents and accidents[edit]

  • On October 3, 1959, Vickers Viscount CF-TGY of Trans-Canada Air Lines was written off when it landed short of the runway.[128] No fatalities among the 38 on board.
  • On February 10, 1960, a Super Constellation of Trans-Canada Air Lines was seriously damaged when it overran the runway after landing in bad weather. None of the 59 passengers and crew were injured.[129]
  • On June 13, 1964, Vickers Viscount CF-THT of Air Canada was damaged beyond economical repair when it crash-landed after the failure of two engines on approach.[130]
  • The airport's deadliest accident occurred on July 5, 1970, when Air Canada Flight 621, a DC-8 jet, flew on a Montreal–Toronto–Los Angeles route. The pilots inadvertently deployed spoilers before the plane attempted landing, forcing the pilots to abort landing and takeoff. Damage to the aircraft that was caused during the failed landing attempt caused the plane to break up in the air during the go-around, killing all 100 passengers and nine crew members on board when it crashed into a field southeast of Brampton. Controversy remains over the cleanup effort following the crash, as both plane wreckage debris and human remains from the crash are still found on the site.[131]
  • On August 30, 1970, Douglas C-47 CF-JRY of D G Harris Productions was damaged beyond economic repair in a storm.[132]
  • On June 26, 1978, Air Canada Flight 189 to Winnipeg overran the runway during an aborted takeoff, and crashed into the Etobicoke Creek ravine. Two of the 107 passengers on board the DC-9 were killed.
  • On June 22, 1983, Douglas C-47A C-GUBT of Skycraft Air Transport crashed on takeoff roll at Toronto International Airport while on an international cargo flight from Cleveland Hopkins International Airport, Ohio. Both of the crew members were killed.[133]
  • On August 2, 2005, Air France Flight 358, an Airbus A340-300 (registration F-GLZQ) inbound from Paris, landed on runway 24L during a severe thunderstorm, failed to stop, and ran off of the runway into the Etobicoke Creek ravine. The rear third of the plane burst into flames, eventually engulfing the whole plane except the cockpit and wings. There were 12 serious injuries, but no fatalities. The investigation predominantly blamed pilot error when faced with the severe weather conditions.[134]

See also[edit]

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